Moreno-Dodson, Blanca and Wodon, Quentin (2008): Public Finance for Poverty Reduction: An Overview. Published in: Public Finance for Poverty Reduction: Concepts and Case Studies from Africa and Latin America (edited by Blanca Moreno-Dodson and Quentin Wodon, published in World Bank Directions in Development) (January 2008): pp. 1-17.
Download (110kB) | Preview
Governments in low-income countries have the difficult task of making wide-ranging decisions about public spending, taxation, and borrowing with the aim of helping their countries maintain long-term debt sustainability, achieve higher economic growth, and ultimately reduce poverty. Making such decisions is difficult because it involves considering multiple trade-offs. There are at least four reasons why designing and implementing fiscal policies that contribute to growth and poverty reduction are particularly challenging tasks in developing countries. First, private-market failures are widespread and often unpredictable. Second, government and institutional failures also limit the effectiveness of public interventions. Third, raising public revenues is difficult in a context of macroeconomic and growth instability, high debt ratios, weak tax administration, and large informal sectors. Finally, many developing countries lack the data necessary to conduct a thorough analysis of the effect of government policies on the poor segments of the population. Despite those challenges, however, the budget remains one of the most important instruments (together with laws and regulations) that governments have at their disposal to foster poverty reduction. Policy makers in both developing and developed countries, as well as nongovernmental or-ganizations and providers of aid, can benefit from a deeper understanding of how internally or externally financed public funds channeled through the budget can be used more successfully to benefit the poor in a realistic manner. This paper, which serves as an introduction to an edited volume on "Public Finance for Poverty Reduction" starts with a brief discussion of the rationale behind the role of the government in public finance. Then we discuss some of the limitations faced by governments in developing countries. We follow those discussions with an overview of the nature and structure of the material presented in the book and with our thoughts on germane topics yet to be addressed adequately.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Public Finance for Poverty Reduction: An Overview|
|Keywords:||Public finance; poverty reduction; taxation; debt sustainability; public expenditure; incidence analysis|
|Subjects:||E - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics > E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook > E62 - Fiscal Policy
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F34 - International Lending and Debt Problems
H - Public Economics > H2 - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
H - Public Economics > H6 - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt > H63 - Debt ; Debt Management ; Sovereign Debt
|Depositing User:||Quentin Wodon|
|Date Deposited:||14. Oct 2008 04:54|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 21:33|
Drèze, Jean, and Amartya Sen. 1991. “Public Action for Social Security: Foundations and Strategy.” In Social Security in Developing Countries, ed. Ehtisham Ahmad, Jean Drèze, John Hills, and Amartya Sen, 1–40. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.
Stiglitz, Joseph E. 1995. “Role of Government in the Contemporary World.” Photocopy. International Monetary Fund,Washington, DC.
Tanzi,Vito. 1998. “Government Role and the Efficiency of Policy Instruments.” In Public Finance in a Changing World, ed. Peter B. Sorensen, 51–69. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
World Bank. 1997.World Development Report, 1997: The State in a Changing World. Washington, DC: World Bank.
World Bank. 2000. Global Development Finance.Washington, DC: World Bank.