Fuerst, Franz (2006): Spatial Patterns of Office Employment in the New York Region.
Download (1MB) | Preview
This study analyzes the regional spatial dynamics of the New York region for a period of roughly twenty years and places the effects of the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the context of longer-term regional dynamics. The analysis reveals that office-using industries are still heavily concentrated in Manhattan despite ongoing decentralization in many of these industries over the last twenty years. Financial services tend to be highly concentrated in Manhattan whereas administrative and support services are the least concentrated of the six major office-using industry groups. Although office employment has been by and large stagnant in Manhattan for at least two decades, growth of output per worker has outpaced the CMSA as well as the national average. This productivity differential is mainly attributable to competitive advantages of office-using industries in Manhattan and not to differences in industry composition. Finally, the zip-code level analysis of the Manhattan core area yielded further evidence of the existence of significant spillover effects at the small-scale level.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Spatial Patterns of Office Employment in the New York Region|
|Keywords:||agglomeration economies, office employment, spatial concentration measures, employment data, industry composition urban economics|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R3 - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity
|Depositing User:||Franz Fuerst|
|Date Deposited:||08 Nov 2008 04:38|
|Last Modified:||15 Oct 2016 20:33|
AUDRETSCH, D.B.; FELDMAN, M.P. (1996): Knowledge Spillovers and The Geography of Innovation and Production. American Economic Review. 86, 630-640.
BLAIR, J.; PREMUS, R. (1993): Location theory. In: R. Bingham and R. Mier (Eds): Theories of Local Economic Development. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. 3-26.
CHANG, S.-W.; COULSON, E. (2001): .Sources of Sectoral Employment Fluctuations in Central Cities and Suburbs: Evidence from Four Eastern Cities. Journal of Urban Economics. 49, 199-218.
ELLISON, G. GLAESER, E. (1997): Geographical Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach, Journal of Political Economy, 105:5, 889-927.
GLAESER, E., KAHN, M. (2001): Decentralized Employment and the Transformation of the American City. NBER Working Paper 8117, National Bureau of Economic Research.
HENDERSON, V. (1997): Externalities and Industrial Development. Journal of Urban Economics. 42, 449-470.
HOOVER, E. M.; Giarratani, F. (1985): Introduction to Regional Economics. 3rd edition. Alfred A. Knopf: New York, NY.
KLOSTERMAN, R. E. (1990): Community and Analysis Planning Techniques. Rowmand and Littlefield Publishers, Inc. Savage, Maryland.
KRUGMAN, P. (1991): Geography and Trade. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
KRUGMAN, P. (1993): First nature, second nature, and metropolitan location. Journal of Regional Science, 33. 129 -144.
LANG, R.E. (2000): Office Sprawl: The Evolving Geography of Business. The Brookings Institution Survey Series. Washington: Brookings Center of Urban and Metropolitan Research.
MCDONALD, J. F. (1997): Fundamentals of Urban Economics. Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, NJ.
NEW YORK CITY OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET (2007): Current economic conditions. Research report. September 2007.
NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (2004): Covered Employment & Wages, ES-202. Data series. Albany, NY. Program. New York Division.
RAUCH, J. (1993): Productivity Gains from Geographic Concentration of Human Capital. Evidence from the Cities, Journal of Urban Economics. 34, 380-400.
ROSENTHAL, S.; STRANGE, W. (2001): The Determinants of Agglomeration. Journal of Urban Economics. 50:2, 191-229.
SCHWARTZ, A. (1992): The Geography of Corporate Services: A Case Study of the New York Urban Region. Urban Geography. 13, 1-24.
UNITED STATES BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS (2001-2007): County Business Pattern Data. Washington DC.