Munich Personal RePEc Archive

الميزة النسبية لمصر في إنتاج اللحم واللبن مــن الجاموس

Soliman, Ibrahim and F. Mashhour, A. and G. Amer, M. and E. Bahagat, Bashier (2017): الميزة النسبية لمصر في إنتاج اللحم واللبن مــن الجاموس. Published in: Zagazig Journal of Agricultural Research , Vol. 6A, No. 44 (September 2017)

[thumbnail of الميــــزة النســـبية لمصــــر فــــي إنتــــاج اللحـــــم واللبــــن مــن الجـــامـــــــــــوس.pdf]
الميــــزة النســـبية لمصــــر فــــي إنتــــاج اللحـــــم واللبــــن مــن الجـــامـــــــــــوس.pdf

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As Egypt faces limited agricultural resources, either land acreage or water sources for irrigation, it is necessary to focus on either cows or buffaloes to produce red meat and milk under the existing intensive agricultural system. This study conducted a comparative analysis of the technical and economic criteria to investigate the comparative advantage of Egypt in producing meat and / or milk from buffaloes in comparison with local cows and both cows and dairy buffalo in other countries. The comparison used milk equivalent of 4% fat to adjust the high fat percent in buffalo milk. The study used the published time series data the research studies based upon field sample surveys. The technical criteria included the percentage of milking animals, milk yield and milk composition, as well as the feed utilization efficiency. The economic criteria included the role of buffalo in generating labor employment, poverty alleviation and improving food security in rural areas, in addition to the costs of production per ton and per 100 grams of protein and the farm price ratio. All criteria have provided evidences that Egypt has comparative advantage in raising buffalo for milk production. The study recommended a development programs for buffalo production in Egypt. It is basically, depends upon vertical expansion rather than horizontal which is not feasible under limited water and agricultural land resources. Therefore the genetic improvement of Egyptian buffalo population, for milk production should be the main approach, using artificial insemination and supported by the reform of the milk marketing system and improving the Egyptian buffalo reproductive performances.

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