Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Addressing Period Poverty Can Boost India's GDP By 2.7%: Insights and Economic Implications

Narang, Tanya (2022): Addressing Period Poverty Can Boost India's GDP By 2.7%: Insights and Economic Implications. Published in: International Journal of Applied Research , Vol. 8, No. 9 (8 September 2022): pp. 28-35.

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Menstrual Health and Hygiene (MHH) is essential to the well-being and empowerment of women and adolescent girls. As per World Bank, on any given day, more than 300 million women worldwide are menstruating. However, an estimated 500 million lack access to menstrual products and adequate facilities for menstrual hygiene management (MHM). And 4.5 billion people don’t have access to adequate sanitation facilities. My study included primary and secondary research and analytics to understand how menstrual health management is practiced across various parts of India, challenges and opportunities, barriers to access and stigmas associated and finally benefits gained by menstruators by using period products. It then calculates that Menstrual Health Investment Index is 1.2% of India’s GDP per capita, how current disposable period products are unaffordable for a large part of population and compares the cost of menstrual hygiene management for reusable alternatives vs the traditional disposable ones and how reusable options can help address period poverty. The research then estimates that India can make economic gains to its GDP by 2.7% ($ 86.7 Billion), by positively impacting and addressing period poverty.

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