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Evaluating and adapting the comfort indicators with traditional architecture solutions of Qazvin city

Kamishirazi, Seyedeh Mahsa (2014): Evaluating and adapting the comfort indicators with traditional architecture solutions of Qazvin city. Published in: Indian Journal of Scientific Research , Vol. 4(5), No. Indian J.Sci.Res. 4(5): 073-080, 2014 ISSN : 2250-0138 (Online) (2014): 091-105.

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Abstract

The climate-compatible architecture creates a healthy environment with high comfort degree for human comfort through replacing the natural and clean sources of energy. Identification of the climate-compatible architecture methods and making them compatible with the climatic features and the needs of human lives in different regions are among the objectives of structure designers in achieving the climatic design. The local structures of Iran have the maximum compatibility with the human comfort conditions. Understanding the climatic methods and updating it can lead to an appropriate environment. Qazvin is among the ancient cities of Iran with historical texture. The main objective of this study is to indicate that to what extent the traditional buildings of Qazvin are compatible with the human comfort indicators and to extract the solutions of traditional architecture and provide them as the principles of climatic design in Qazvin city. To achieve the above objective, first the climatic indexes (effective temperature, Givoni, Mahoney, Evans, and texture index) and the suggested architectural solutions of each index are identified based on the 15-year annual and hourly statistics of meteorological organization, Qazvin Airport synoptic station, and then obtained solutions are investigated through an adaptive consideration of main eighteen indexes in Qazvin. Finally, the traditional architectural solutions were proposed as the proposed principles of climatic design in Qazvin. Based on the research findings, suggesting the solutions by the traditional architects in Qazvin city to cope with the adverse weather conditions and use the climatic conditions of Qazvin to make the comfort status suitable, those structures which are connected to human for a long time, have more climatic points and solutions. The climatic architectural solutions in Qazvin city include the extension of structure to the East and West, compact and dense structures, applying the central courtyard, planting trees and using the water pool in the backyard and urban texture, locating a part of structure at the heart of earth, creating the air flow in inside spaces, applying the insulated window with an average size, using the light materials with high thermal capacity in the roofs and walls, and using the porch and dome.

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