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Employment polarization: evidence from regions in Greece

Roupakias, Stelios (2023): Employment polarization: evidence from regions in Greece.

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This study first provides evidence compatible with the idea of employment polarization in the Greek labour market since the early 1990s. Then, using an instrumental variables approach, it uncovers the potential role of routine biased technological change in explaining these developments in the employment structure. The empirical results consistently suggest that employment has polarized more into regions with a higher initial routine share. Overall, the impact of technology on the employment rate is negligible, implying that the expansion of non-routine manual employment fully compensates for the destruction of jobs in middling, routine occupations.

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