Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Essay on the Philosophy of Islamic Economics

Ahmed Mohammed, Abdullahi (2023): Essay on the Philosophy of Islamic Economics. Published in: Dutse journal of Economics and Development Studies (DUJEDS (20 December 2023): pp. 1-18.

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ABSTRACT The paper explores the principle that in Islamic perspective ethics dominates economics, which unambiguously portray the essential attribute of Islamic economics system. Similarly, Islamic economics repudiates the ground that economics is independent of ethics and the idea of value free economics propagated by Robbins and the neo-classical notion of Homo-economicus (economic man) who only considers his utility function of his selfish interest. But in replacement and discarding economic from ethical economic behavior Anas Zarqa substituted homo economics (economic man) for Homo-Islamicus (economic man with Islamic ethics). The fundamental difference between the two prototypes to Zarqa, is that the consumption behavior of Homo-Islamicus is deeply influenced by a consideration of the penalty or reward in the life after death and he embraced the Islamic ethics in regulating his economic choices and behavior. Similarly, we explore that Islamic economics is closely related Islamic jurisprudence that deals with business laws, providing general framework and premise for economic dealings and its operation in an Islamic society (fiqh mu’amalat). It draws conditions and criterion governing economic and financial relationships in an Islamic economy. We argued that economics also as normative discourse involving ethical consideration and evaluation of human behavior. Hence Economist are in the position to advocate, Condemn, and proper solution to problems within the context of social scenario and ethical point of view. Economist are called upon to prescribe solution to some of the old age economic problem of mankind like poverty, income inequality, and problem unemployment e.tc. This prescription will be uttered based on the people’s social reality, and that indicates value judgment which is normative.

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