Rowthorn, Robert E. and Guzmán, Ricardo Andrés and Rodríguez-Sickert, Carlos (2009): Theories of the evolution of cooperative behaviour: A critical survey plus some new results.
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Gratuitous cooperation (in favour of non-relatives and without repeated interaction) eludes traditional evolutionary explanations. In this paper we survey the various theories of cooperative behaviour, and we describe our own effort to integrate these theories into a self-contained framework. Our main conclusions are as follows. First: altruistic punishment, conformism and gratuitous cooperation co-evolve, and group selection is a necessary ingredient for the co-evolution to take place. Second: people do not cooperate by mistake, as most theories imply; on the contrary, people knowingly sacrifice themselves for others. Third: in cooperative dilemmas conformism is an expression of preference, not a learning rule. Fourth, group-mutations (e.g., the rare emergence of a charismatic leader that brings order to the group) are necessary to sustain cooperation in the long run.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Theories of the evolution of cooperative behaviour: A critical survey plus some new results|
|Keywords:||Cooperation; altruism; altruistic punishment; conformism; group-selection|
|Subjects:||H - Public Economics > H4 - Publicly Provided Goods > H41 - Public Goods
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology ; Social and Economic Stratification
|Depositing User:||Ricardo Andrés Guzmán|
|Date Deposited:||08. Jan 2009 06:05|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 00:51|
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