Kazianga, Harounan and Klonner, Stefan (2009): The Intra-household Economics of Polygyny: Fertility and Child Mortality in Rural Mali.
Download (672kB) | Preview
Building on anthropological evidence, we develop a model of intra-household decision making on fertility and child survival within the framework of the collective household model. We carry out a test of the implications of this framework with data from Demographic and Health Surveys in rural Mali, where polygyny rates among married women are close to 50 per cent. The econometric tests reject the implications of efficient intra-household allocations for junior wives in bigynous households and fail to reject for senior wives in bigynous households as well as for wives in monogamous households. These findings are consistent with existing narrative evidence according to which co-wife rivalry is responsible for resource-consuming struggle and junior wives are the adults with the weakest bargaining position in the household.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Intra-household Economics of Polygyny: Fertility and Child Mortality in Rural Mali|
|Keywords:||intrahousehold models, polygyny, child mortality, fertility, Mali|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J13 - Fertility ; Family Planning ; Child Care ; Children ; Youth
D - Microeconomics > D1 - Household Behavior and Family Economics > D13 - Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I1 - Health > I12 - Health Behavior
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration
|Depositing User:||Harounan Kazianga|
|Date Deposited:||23. Apr 2009 03:10|
|Last Modified:||12. Mar 2015 08:04|
Arney, F. K., 2002. Polygyny and Child Survival in Sub-Saharan Africa, Social Biology 49,74-89.
Al-Krewani, A. and J. R. Graham, 2006. A Comparison of Family Functioning, Life and Marital Satisfaction, and Mental Health of Women in Polygamous and Monogamous Marriages, International Journal of Social Psychiatry 52, 5-17.
Becker, G., 1994. A Treatise on the Family, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press.
Boserup, E., 1970. Women’s Role in Economic Development, New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Browning, M., F. Bourguignon, P. A. Chiappori and V. Lechene, 1994. Income and Outcomes: A Structural Model of Intrahousehold Allocation, Journal of Political Economy 102, 1067-1096.
Bourguignon, F., M. Browning and V. Lechene, 1993. Intra Household Allocation of Consumption : a Model and Some Preliminary Evidence, Annales d’Economie et de Statistiques 29, 137-56.
Bourguignon, F. and P. A. Chiappori, 1992. Collective Models of Household Behavior: an Introduction, European Economic Review 36, 355-364.
Calame-Griaule, G., 1986. Words and the Dogon World, Philadelphia: Ishi.
Chiappori, P. A., 1988. Nash-bargained Households Decisions: a Comment, International Economic Review 29, 791-796.
Chiappori, P. A., B. Fortin and G. Lacroix, 2002. Marriage Market, Divorce Legislation, and Household Labor Supply, Journal of Political Economy 110, 37-72.
Desai, S., 1992. Children at Risk: The Role of Family Structure in Latin America and West Africa, Population and Development Review 18: 689-717.
Dorjahn, V. R., 1959. ”The Factor of Polygyny in African Demography”, in: Continuity and Change in African Cultures, W. R. Bascom and M. J. Herskovits, eds, pp. 87-112. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Eswaran, M., 2002. The Empowerment of Women, Fertility, and Child Mortality, Journal of Population Economics 15, 433-454.
Filmer, D., and L. H. Pritchett (2001). Estimating Wealth Effects without Expenditure Data Or Tears: An Application to Educational Enrollments in States of India, Demography, 38, 115-132.
Flinn, M. V. and B. G. England, 1995. Childhood Stress and Family Environment, Current Anthropology 36, 854-866.
Hadley, C., 2005. Is Polygyny a Risk Factor for Poor Growth Performance Among Tanzanian Agropastoralists?, American Journal of Physical Anthropology 126, 471-480.
Isaac, B. L. and W. E. Feinberg, 1982. Marital Form and Infant Survival among the Mende of Rural Upper Bambara Chiefdom, Sierra Leone, Human Biology 54, 627-634.
Jacoby, H., 1995. The Economics of Polygyny in Sub-saharan Africa: Female Productivity and the Demand for Farm Wives in Cote d’Ivoire, Journal of Political Economy 103, 938-971.
Jankowiak, W., M. Sudakov and B. C. Wilreker, 2005. Co-wife Conflict and Cooperation, Ethnology 44, 81-98.
Josephson, S. C., 2002. Does Polygyny Reduce Fertility?, American Journal of Human Biology 14, 222-232.
Kovsted, J., C. C. P¨ortner and F. Tarp, 2003. Child Health and Mortality: Does Health Knowledge Matter?, Journal of African Economies 11, 542-560.
Makepeace, G. and S. Pal, 2005. Understanding the Effects of Siblings on Child Mortality: Evidence from India, Working Paper, Cardiff Business School.
Maluccio, J. and A. Quisumbing, 2003. Resources at Marriage and Intrahousehold Allocation: Evidence from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Indonesia, and South Africa, Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 65, 283-327.
Mammen, Kristin, 2004. All for One or Each for Her Own: Do Polygamous Families Share and Share Alike?, Working Paper, Columbia University.
Manser, M. and M. Brown, 1980. Marriage and Household Decision-making: a Bargaining Analysis, International Economic Review 21, 31-44.
McElroy, M. B. and M. J. Horney, 1981. Nash-bargained Household Decisions: Toward a Generalization of the Theory of Demand, International Economic Review 22, 333-350.
Pitt, Mark, 1997. Estimating the Determinants of Child Health when Fertility and Mortality are Selective, Journal of Human Resources 32, 129-158.
Sellen, D. W. 1999. Polygyny and Child Growth in a Traditional Pastoral Society - The Case of the Datoga of Tanzania, Human Nature 10, 329-371.
Strassmann, B., 1997. Polygyny as a Risk Factor to Child Mortality among the Dogon, Current Anthropology 38, 688-695.
Tertilt, M., 2005. Polygyny, Fertility, and Savings, Journal of Political Economy 113, 1341-1371.
Thomas, D. and C. L. Chen, 1994. Income Shares and Shares of Income: Empirical Tests of Models of Household Resource Allocations, Rand Foundation Working Paper No. 705.
Udry, C., 1996. Gender, Agricultural Production, and the Theory of the Household, Journal of Political Economy 104, 1010-1046.
World Bank, 2004. World Development Indicators. Washington D. C.: The World Bank.