Nwachukwu, Ifeanyi Ndubuto and Onyenweaku, Chris/E (2007): Economic Efficiency Of Fadama Telfairia Production In Imo State Nigeria: A Translog Profit Function Approach. Published in: Journal of Agricultural Research and Policies, Nigeria , Vol. 4, No. 2 (2007): pp. 87-93.
Download (133kB) | Preview
The study delved into economic efficiency analysis of Fadama Telfairia farmers in Imo State, Nigeria. Specifically, it identified the production systems; estimated the economic efficiency and their determinants. A multistage random sampling technique was adopted in the selection of 40 Fadama Telfairia farmers from each of the three agricultural zones of the State. A well-structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on socio - economic characteristics and other relevant variables. Descriptive statistics, which subsume frequencies, means and percentages, were used in the analysis of data on socio – economic characteristics cum production systems. Economic efficiency was analyzed using Translog stochastic profit function. The Maximum Likelihood Estimation Technique was employed in estimating the function while t-test statistic was employed in testing their determinants. With respect to production systems, majority (63.33%) of Fadama Telfairia farmers practised mixed vegetable production while 36.67% adopted sole Fadama Telfairia cropping system. The profit level was influenced by fertilizer price, wage rate and farm size while efficiency was found to be influenced by age, farming experience, membership of cooperative societies, farm and household sizes. The mean economic efficiency was 0.57 and as such, the average Fadama Telfairia would require a cost saving of 42% in order to attain the profit status of the most economically efficient farmer in the sample. Given the fact that ample opportunity exists for improvement in their efficiency, introduction of birth control policies and reviews of Land Use Act of 1990 are among policy options suggested by the study.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Economic Efficiency Of Fadama Telfairia Production In Imo State Nigeria: A Translog Profit Function Approach|
|English Title:||Economic Efficiency Of Fadama Telfairia Production In Imo State Nigeria: A Translog Profit Function Approach|
|Keywords:||economic efficiency, Fadama, stochastic frontier, translog|
|Subjects:||A - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics
B - History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches > B4 - Economic Methodology > B41 - Economic Methodology
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C0 - General > C01 - Econometrics
|Depositing User:||Ifeanyi N. Nwachukwu|
|Date Deposited:||18. Feb 2009 09:49|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 12:07|
Abaelu, J. N (1998) Economics of Livestock Production In Nigeria. Proceeding of the Agricultural Society Of Nigeria Conference 10:33-36 Afriat, S.N (1972) Efficiency Estimation of the Production Function. International Economic Review 13: 568-598.
Aigner, D.J., Amemiya, T. and Porier, D.J (1976) On the Estimation of Production Frontiers: Maximum Likelihood Estimation of the Parameters of a Discontinuous Density Function. International Economic Review 17: 377-396
Aigner, D.J. and Chu, S.F (1968) On Estimating the Industry Production Function. American Economic Review 58:826-839
Aigner, D, Lovell, C.A.K and Schmidt, P (1977) Formulation and Estimation of Stochastic Frontier Production Function Models. Journal of Econometrics 6:21-37
Akinsami, O (1975) Certificate Agricultural Science. Longman Group Limited. First edition.
Akoroda, M.O (1990) Ethno Botany of Telfairia occidentalis (cucurbitaceae) among Igbos of Nigeria. Economic Botany 44:1
Ali, F., Bailey, D. and Parikh, A (1990) Price Distortions and Resource use Efficiency in a Pakistani Province. European Review of Agricultural Economics. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.
Ali, M. and Chaudhry, M.A (1990) Inter-regional Farm Efficiency in Pakistan’s Punjab: A Frontier Production Function Study. Journal of Agricultural Economics 41:62-74.
Ater, P.I. and Umeh, J.C (2004) Spatial Benefit Cost Analysis in the World Bank Assisted Fadama enterprises in Benue State. Proceeding of the 38th Annual Conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria 59 – 67 Attavar, M (2000) Tool For Productivity Gain. The Hindu Survey of Indian Agriculture.
Ayoade, J.O (1988) Tropical Hydrology and water Resources. Macmillian Publishers Ltd. London.
Bauchi State Agricultural Development Project (BSADP) (1994) Annual Report for the National Fadama Development project. Bauchi PME Unit.
Blench, R.M. and Ingawa, S.A (2004) A Practical Guide For National Fadama Development Project -11 on Conflict and Management. The World Bank PCFGovernment of Nigeria PCU Fadama 11 1 - 19 . Coelli, L.J (1994) A Guide to Frontier 4.1: A Computer Program For Stochastic Frontier Production and Cost Function Estimation. Department of Econometrics, University of New England, Armidale.
Coelli, T. J., Prasada, R. and Battese, G (1998) An Introduction of Efficiency and Productivity Analysis. Kluwer Academic Press, Boston.
Dey, M.M., Paraguas, F.J. and Bimbao, G.B (2000) Technical Efficiency of Tilapia Growout pond Operations in the Phillipines. Aquaculture Economics and Management 4:33 - 47
Fare, R.S., Grosskopf and Lovell, C.A.K (1985) The Measurement of Efficiency of Production. Kluwer-Nijhoff Publishing, Boston.
Fleming, E.., Fleming, P., Rodgers, H., Griffiten, G. and Johnston, D. (2004) Animal Efficiency in an Intensive Beef Production. Genetic Breeding Unit, University of New England, Armidale, NSW, Australia. Greensill, T.M (1968) Growing Better Vegetables. Evans Brothers Limited. 1st Edition.
Imo State Agricultural Development Project (Imo ADP) (1994) Crop Area and Yield Survey (CAYS). Summary Report Owerri.
Ingawa, S.A., Oredipe, A.A., Idefor, K. and Okafor, C., (eds) (2004) Facilitators Project Implementation Manual. Second National Fadama Development Project (Fadama 2). Federal Ministry of Agric. And Rural Development Abuja
Kirkley, J.E., Squires, D. and Strand, I.E (1995) Assessing Technical Efficiency in Commercial Fisheries:The Mid-Atlantic Sea Scallop Fishery.American Journal of Agricultural Economics 20: 31-34.
Meeusen, W. and Van Den Broeck, J (1977) Efficiency Estimation from Cob-Douglas Production Function With Composed Error. International Economic Review 18: 435-444
Mubarik, A .and Flinn, J.C (1998) Profit Efficiency among Basmati Rice Producers in Pakistan Punjab. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 71:303-310
Odiaka, N.I. (1997) Aspect of Seeds Quality in Fluted Pumpkin. M.Phil thesis Submitted to the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Ibadan. Nigeria
Olugbemi, l. B (1989) National Wheat Requirement Versus Fadama potentials. A Paper Presented at the National Workshop on Fadama and Irrigation Development, Zaranda Hotel, Bauchi, October 23-26.
Onyenweaku, C.E. and Fabiyi, Y (1991) Relative Efficiency of Cooperative and Individual Farmers in Imo State. AMSE Transaction 8: 4.
Raw Material Sourcing For Manufacturing in Nigeria (RMSMN) (1993) Agricultural Use of Physical Resources of Africa. IITA 1993 Sustainable Food Production in Sub-Saharan Africa: Constraints and Opportunities. IITA Somebroeck, W.G. (ed) Ibadan Nigeria.
Schippers, R.R (2000) African Indigenous Vegetables. An Overview of the Cultivated Species. Chathan UK: Natural Resources Institute/ACP-EU Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation Schmidt, P. (1976) On the Estimation of Parametric Frontier Production Function. Review of Economics and Statistics 58: 238-239.
Ugwu, B.O (1990) Resource Use and Productivity in Food Crop Production in Major Yam Production Areas of South Eastern Nigeria. PhD Thesis University of Nigeria, Nsukka
Wadud, A. and White, B. A (2000) Farm Household Efficiency in Bangladesh: A Comparison of Stochastic Frontier and DEA Methods. Applied Economics. 32:1665 – 1673.
World Bank, (1992) Staff Appraisal Report. National Fadama Development Project, Kano. Nigeria. The World Bank.