Munich Personal RePEc Archive

The center and the periphery: The globalization of financial turmoil

Reinhart, Carmen and Kaminsky, Graciela (2008): The center and the periphery: The globalization of financial turmoil. Published in: Flows, Crisis, and Stabilization: Essays in Honor of Guillermo A. Calvo (2008): pp. 171-216.


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This paper studies how financial turbulence in emerging market countries can spread across borders. We construct indices of “financial globalization” and evaluate the repercussions of turmoil in three emerging markets that experienced financial crises in the late 1990s: Brazil, Russia, and Thailand. Our findings indicate that financial turbulence in these countries only spreads globally when they affect asset markets in one or more of the world’s financial centers. Otherwise, spillovers are confined to countries in the same region. Also, episodes of worldwide globalization of turmoil are mostly episodes of synchronized crashes while regional turbulence include both joint crashes and rallies.

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