Khan, Rana Ejaz Ali and Gill, Abid Rashid (2009): Determinants of Food Security in Rural Areas of Pakistan.
Download (238kB) | Preview
Abstract: Out of 120 districts of Pakistan (for rural areas) only 40 are food secure while 80 (67 percent) are food insecure. Within these food insecure districts, 38 (46 percent) are extremely food insecure. The matter of food security in rural areas is of immense nature and needs to be probed. A number of factors are responsible for the situation. The current paper examines the determinants of three aspects of food security in rural areas of Pakistan, i.e. food availability, accessibility and absorption. For the purpose a series of models is applied on district level data of rural areas of Pakistan. The production of wheat, rice, maize, pulses, oilseeds, poultry meat and fish at the district level is found to affect food availability positively. All the district except of Sindh are more probable to be food insecure in availability. In the food accessibility electrification and adult literacy emerged as the factors having negative effect. Child immunization, safe drinking water and number of hospitals have shown positive effect on food absorption.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Determinants of Food Security in Rural Areas of Pakistan|
|English Title:||Determinants of Food Security in Rural Areas of Pakistan|
|Keywords:||Food production, Rural areas, Pakistan, Food security, Devolution|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q15 - Land Ownership and Tenure ; Land Reform ; Land Use ; Irrigation ; Agriculture and Environment
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q18 - Agricultural Policy ; Food Policy
|Depositing User:||Rana Ejaz Ali Khan|
|Date Deposited:||07. Sep 2009 09:42|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 05:12|
Ahmad, A. and S. Siddiqui (1995) “Food Security in Pakistan: Can it be achieved”, The Pakistan Development Review, 34(4):723-731
Akhtar, T. and S. Zia (2003) “Quality of Drinking Water in Rural Peshawar”, Pakistan Journal of .Research, 42(3)
Akmal, M. (1994) “The Production and Consumption of Livestock Foods in Pakistan: A Look in to Future”, The Pakistan Development Review, 33(1): 19-39
Anderson, P. (2001) “Appropriate Technology for Sustainable Food Security”, Focus 7 Policy Brief 1of 9. International Food Policy Research Institute. USA.
Arif, M. (2005) “Agriculture and Food Security in Pakistan”, Thematic Paper: 1-26 . CLI (2002) “Water and Improved Technology are Key to Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security”, Press Release. Crop Life International (CLI), Brussels.
CRPRID (2002) Pakistan Human Condition Report 2002. Center of Reduction on Poverty Reduction and Income Distribution (CRPRID), Islamabad.
FAO (1996) Rome Declaration on World Food Security and World Food. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), Rome, Italy.
Haile, H. K., Z. G. Alemu and G. Kudhlande (2005) “Causes of Household Food Insecurity in Koredejaja Pleasant Association, Oromiza Zone, Ethiopia”, Working Paper, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Free State.
Haq, S. (2008) “Pakistan: Urban Food Security Deteriorating”, World Food Program Study. IRIN Asia, Peshawer, Pakistan.
Hatloy, A. and A. Oshaug (1997) “Milk an Invisible Food Resource”, FCND Discussion Paper No 33. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C.
Hazarika, G. and B. Khasnobis (2005) “Women’s Status and Children’s Food Security in Pakistan”, Department of Business Administration, University of Texas.
Juma, C. (2001) “Modern Biotechnology”, Focus 7 Policy Brief 4 0f 9. International Food Policy Research Institute. Washington, D.C.
Kassa, H., D. Gibbon and B. P. Singh (2002) “Livestock Improve Household Food Security and Sustainability of Ethiopian Small Farms”, Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 21(2):35-46.
Longping, Y. (2004) “Hybrid Rice for Food Security in the World”, CRS.21. Food and Agricultural Rice Conference. Rome. February, 12-13, 2004.
Mahmood, S. and K. Shaikh (1991) “Food Poverty and its Causes in Pakistan”, The Pakistan Development Review, 30(4):821-834.
Molnar, J. (1999) “Sound policies for Food Security: The Role of Culture and Social Organization”, Review of Agricultural Economics, 21(2): 489-498.
Mongid, A. and I. M. Tahir (2008) “Involvement of Banking Industry on Reducing Food Insecurity”, The paper presented at “The 33rd Annual Conference of the Federation of Asians Economic Association”. Hanoi. November 27-28, 2008.
Najafi, B. (2003) “An Overview of Current Land Utilization Systems and Their Contribution to Agricultural Productivity”. Report of the APO Seminar on Impact of Land Utilization System on Agricultural Productivity. Agricultural Productivity Organization (APO), Iran.
Pingali, P. (2001) “Conventional Research-Based Technology”, Focus 7 Policy Brief 3 of 9. International Food Policy Research Institute. Washington, D.C.
Pretty, J. (2001) “farmer Based Agroechological Technology”, Focus 7 Policy Brief 2 of 9, International Food Policy Research Institute. Washington, D.C.
Satin, M. (2001) “Food Irradiation”, Focus 7 Policy Brief 9 0f 9. International Food Policy Research Institute. Washington, D.C.
Schichting, D. and F. Ahmadi-Esfahani (2004) “Household Food Security in the Northern Areas of Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis”, Paper presented at the 5th Annual Research Conference 2004 on “Sharping population and Development Research across South and West Asia”, held in University of Karachi, 14-16 December.
Schimmele, C. and W. Zheng (2005) “Food Insufficiency and Depression”, Sociological Perspective, 48(4): 481-504.
SDPI (2003) Food Insecurity in Rural Pakistan 2003. Social Development and Policy Institute (SDPI), Karachi and United Nations World Food Program, Pakistan.
Shaikh, F. M. (2007) “Determinants of Household Food Security and Consumption Pattern in Rural Sindh: Non-Separable Agricultural Household Model”, IUB Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 5(2):18-39.
Shiferaw, F., R. L. Kilmer and C. Gladwin (2003) “Determinants of Food Security in Southern Ethiopia”, paper presented at American Agricultural Economic Association Meeting at Montreal, Canada.
UNDPI (1998) Universal Declaration of Human Rights. United Nations Department of Public Information (UNDPI), New York.
Available Versions of this Item
- Determinants of Food Security in Rural Areas of Pakistan. (deposited 07. Sep 2009 09:42) [Currently Displayed]