Locke, Robert (2009): Managerialism and the Demise of the Big Three.
Download (511kB) | Preview
This essay is about the crisis of US automobile management and the difficulties that management educators and practitioners in America have had facing up to that crisis. It focuses on Detroit’s Big Three but it also looks at the role Japanese firms played in transferring JMS (Japanese Management Systems) to America, particularly the transfer of TPS (the Toyota Production System) to Georgetown, Kentucky. It opens (I) with a discussion of the triumph of a science-based “New Paradigm” in business school management education and in industry, with reference to its critics, in order to establish the institutional framework within which US automobile management expanded and operated after World War II; then (II) a more general discussion ensues in which U.S. managerialism and JMS are compared, and the pathways and barriers to the transfer of JMS to America both to US firms and to Japanese transplants are explored, before in the last part (III) the focus narrows to a specific case of transfer: H. Thomas Johnson’s analysis of Toyota’s successful alternative Production System (TPS) at Georgetown and how it supersedes in theory and practice the managerial methods of the Big Three.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Managerialism and the Demise of the Big Three|
|Keywords:||Japan, USA, auto industry, General Motors, Ford, Honda, Toyota, managerialism|
|Subjects:||N - Economic History > N8 - Micro-Business History
N - Economic History > N6 - Manufacturing and Construction > N60 - General, International, or Comparative
|Depositing User:||Bernardo Batiz-Lazo|
|Date Deposited:||04. Dec 2009 23:22|
|Last Modified:||15. Feb 2013 04:49|
Abegglen, J. and Stalk, Jr., G (1988). Kaisha: The Japanese Corporation. New York: Basic Books, Harper Collines.
Ackoff, R. (1979). “The Future of Operational Research is Past,” Journal of Operational Research Quarterly: 30, 93-104.
Adams, J. (1995). The British Disease’ and the ‘Japanization’ of British Industry: Conjuncture or Continuity in World History (Master’s Thesis in History, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1995).
Adler, P. S. (1999). “Hybridization: Human Resource Management at Two Toyota Transplants” in Remade in America. 75-116.
Aoki, M. (1990). Towards an Economic Model of the Japanese Firm, Journal of Economic Literature, 28, 1-27. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Chandler, Alfred D. Jr., and Redlich, Fritz (1961). “Recent Developments in American Business Administration and their Conceptualization.” Business History Review: (Summer 1961); 1-27.
Cole, R. E. (1999). “Japanese Quality Technology: Transferred and Transformed at Hewlett-Packard.” In Remade in America, 202-31.
Cummings, W.K. (1990). Education and Equality in Japan. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Deming, W. E. (1982). Quality, Productivity, and Competitive Position. Boston: MIT CAES.
Deming, W. E. (1986). Out of the Crisis. Boston: MIT CAES.
Fruin, M. W. and Nishiguichi, T (1993). Supplying the Toyota Production System: Intercorporate Organization Evolution and Supplier Subsystems, in B. Kogut (Ed) Country Competitiveness: Technology and the Organizing of Work. New York: Oxford University Press, 225-46.
Fullbrook, E. (2006), “Economics and Neoliberalism,” in H. Hassan, After Blair: Politics After The New Labour Decade. London: Lawrence & Wishart.
Fullbrook, E. (ed.) (2003). The Crisis in Economics: The Post-Autistic Economics Movement – The first 600 days. London and New York: Routledge.
Hayashi, S. (1988). Culture and Management in Japan. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press.
Iribarne, P. d’ (1989). La logique de l’honneur: Gestion des entreprises et traditions nationales. Paris: Plon.
Ishikawa, K (1985). What is Total Quality Control? The Japanese Way, trans. David J. Lu. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
Jenkins, D. and Florida, R. (1999). “Work System Innovation Among Japanese Transplants in the United States.” In Remade in America. 331-60.
Johnson, H. T. (1978). “Management Accounting in an Early Multidivisional Organization: General Motors in the 1920s.” Business History Review: 52:4 (Winter 1978), 490-513.
Johnson, H.T. (1992). Relevance Regained: From Top-Down Control to Bottom-Up Empowerment. New York: Free Press.
Johnson, H. T. and Bröms, A. (2000). Profit Beyond Measure: Extraordinary Results through Attention to Process and People. Boston: Nicolas Breakley Publishing.
Johnson, H. T. and Kaplan, R. S. (1987). Revelance Lost: The Rise and Fall of Management Accounting. Boston: Harvard University Press.
Kenney, K. (1999). “Transplantation: A Comparison of Japanese Television Assembly Plants in Japan and the United States.” Remade in America, 256-93.
Kenney, M. & Florida, R. (1993). Beyond Mass Production: The Japanese System and its Transfer to the U.S. New York: Oxford University Press.
Khurana, R (2007). From Higher Aims to Hired Hands: The Social Transformation of American Business Schools and the Unfulfilled Promise of Management as a Profession. Princeton University Press.
Liker, J. K., Fruin, W. M. and Adler, P.S., eds. (1999). Remade in America: Transplanting & Transforming Japanese Management Systems. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Liker, J. K., Fruin, W. M. and Adler, P. S. (1999). “Bringing Japanese Management Systems to the United States: Transplantation or Transformation? In Remade in America, 3-38.
Locke, R. R. (1989). Management and Higher Education Since 1940: The Influence of America and Japan on West Germany, Great Britain, and France. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Locke, R.R. (1996). The Collapse of the American Management Mystique. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Locke, R. R. and Schöne, K (2004). The Entrepreneurial Shift: Americanization in European High-Technology Management Education. Cambridge University Press.
MacDuffie, J. P. and Helper, S. (1999). “Creating Lean Suppliers: Diffusing Lean Production through the Supply Chain.” Remade in America. 154-202.
Müller, J. (2002). Autos: A New Industry. BusinessWeek. July 15, 2002. Nonaka, I. and Takeuchi, H. (1995). The Knowledge-Creating Company: How Japanese Companies Create the Dynamics of Innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.
Pil, F. K. and MacDuffie, J. P. (1999). “Transferring Competitive Advantage Across Borders: A Study of Japanese Auto Transplants in North America.” In Remade in America. 39-74.
Saxenian, A. (1994). Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Schifferes, S. (2007). The Decline of Detroit. Globalisation Reporter, BBC News, Jul. 11.
Spender, J.-C. “Structural Adustments and Conflicting Recipes in the US Automobile Industry.” In T Turcq, D. (1992). L’Inévitable partenaire japonais. Paris: Fayard. Womack, J.P., Jones, D.T., and Roos, D. (1990). The Machine that Changed the World. New York: Rawson Associates.
Yamashita, Okiie (1938). Comment quoting him by Kenja Okuda, in paper by Andrew Gordon, “Araki Toichiro and the Shaping of Labor Management,” in Tsunehiko Yui and Keiichiro Nakagawa, eds., Japanese Management in Historical Perspective. Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press, 1989