Facchini, Giovanni and Mayda, Anna Maria (2009): The Political Economy of Immigration Policy. Published in: Human Development Research Paper (HDRP) Series , Vol. 03, No. 2009
Download (324kB) | Preview
We analyze a newly available dataset of migration policy decisions reported by governments to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs between 1976 and 2007. We find evidence indicating that most governments have policies aimed at either maintaining the status quo or at lowering the level of migration. We also document variation in migration policy over time and across countries of different regions and income levels. Finally, we examine patterns in various aspects of destination countries’ migration policies (policies towards family reunification, temporary vs. permanent migration, high-skilled migration). This analysis leads us to investigate the determinants of migration policy in a destination country. We develop a political economy framework in which voter attitudes represent a key component. We survey the literature on the determinants of public opinion towards immigrants and examine the link between these attitudes and governments’ policy decisions. While we find evidence broadly consistent with the median voter model, we conclude that this framework is not sufficient to understand actual migration policies. We discuss evidence which suggests that interest-groups dynamics may play a very important role.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Political Economy of Immigration Policy|
|Keywords:||immigration, immigration policy, median voter, interest groups, political economy|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology
F - International Economics > F5 - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration
|Date Deposited:||13. Dec 2009 07:03|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 22:58|
Benhabib, J. 1996. “On the Political Economy of Immigration” Economic European Review 40: 1737-1743.
Bernheim, B.D. and M.D. Whinston 1986 “Menu auctions, resource allocation, and economic influence” Quarterly Journal of Economics 101: 1 – 31.
Boeri, T., G. Hanson and B. McCormick. 2002 Immigration Policy and the Welfare State, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Borjas G.J. 1999 Heaven’s Door Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.
Briggs, V. M. 2001. “Immigration and American Unionism” Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press
Chiswick, B. R., and T. J. Hatton. 2003. “International Migration and the Integration of Labor Markets.” Chapter 3 in Globalization in Historical Perspective, eds. M. D. Bordo, A. M. Taylor, and J. G. Williamson. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 65-119.
Chiswick, B. R. and P.W. Miller 2006 “Language Skills and Immigrant Adjustment: What Immigration Policy Can Do!” in Public Policy and immigrant settlement eds. Deborah Cobb-Clark and Siew-Ean Khoo. Celthenham, Edward Elgar Publishing 121-148.
Citrin, J., D. Green, C. Muste, and C. Wong. 1997. “Public Opinion toward Immigration Reform: The Role of Economic Motivation.” The Journal of Politics 59: 858-881.
Dustmann, C., and I. Preston. 2001. “Attitudes to Ethnic Minorities, Ethnic Context, and Location Decisions.” Economic Journal 111, no. 470: 353-373.
Dustmann, C. 2004. “Is Immigration Good or Bad for the Economy? Analysis of Attitudinal Responses.” CReAM Discussion Paper no. 06/04. London: Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration, University College London.
Dustmann, C. 2007. “Racial and economic factors in attitudes to immigration”, The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, 7(1), (Advances), Article 62. Espenshade, T. J. and K. Hempstead. 1996. “Contemporary American Attitudes toward U.S. Immigration.” International Migration Review 30: 535-570.
Facchini, G. and A.M. Mayda 2007 “Does the Welfare State Affect Individual Attitudes towards Immigrants? Evidence across Countries” Review of Economics and Statistics, forthcoming.
Facchini, G., and A.M. Mayda 2008 “From individual attitudes towards migrants to migration policy outcomes: Theory and evidence” Economic Policy 56: 651-713.
Facchini, G., A.M Mayda and P. Mishra 2008 “Do interest groups affect US immigration policy?” CEPR WP 6898.
Facchini, G., A.M. Mayda and R. Puglisi, 2009 “Media exposure and illegal immigration: Evidence on attitudes from the United States” mimeo.
Facchini, G. and C. Testa, 2008 “Who is against a common market?” Journal of the European Economic Association, forthcoming.
Facchini, G., and G. Willmann. 2005. “The Political Economy of International Factor Mobility.” Journal of International Economics 67: 201-219.
Freeman, G., 1992. “Migration Policy and Politics in the Receiving States.” International Migration Review 26: 1144-1167.
Freeman, G., 1995 “Modes of Immigration Politics in Liberal Democratic States,” International Migration Review 29: 881–902.
Freeman R. 2006 “People flows in globalization” Journal of Economic Perspectives 20:145-170.
Goldin, C. 1994. “The Political Economy of Immigration Restriction in the United States 1890- 1921.” In The Regulated Economy: A Historical Approach to Political Economy, eds. C. Goldin and G. D. Lipecap. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 223-257.
Goldsborough, J., 2000. “Out-of-control immigration” Foreign Affairs 79: 89– 101.
Hanson, G., Scheve, K. and Slaughter, M. 2007. “Public Finance and Individual Preferences over Globalization Strategies” Economics and Politics 19:1-33.
Hanson, G., and A. Spilimbergo (2001) "Political Economy, Sectoral Shocks, and Border Enforcement," Canadian Journal of Economics 34: 612-638.
Joppke, L. 1998. “Why Liberal States Accept Unwanted Immigration.” World Politics 50: 266- 293.
Kessler, A. 2001. “Immigration, Economic Insecurity, and the “Ambivalent” American Public.” CCIS Working Paper no. 41. San Diego: The Center for Comparative Immigration Studies, University of California, San Diego.
Mayda, A. M., and D. Rodrik. 2005. “Why are Some People (and Countries) More Protectionist than Others?” European Economic Review 49: 1393-1691.
Mayda, A. M. 2006. “Who Is Against Immigration? A Cross Country Investigation of Individual Attitudes towards Immigrants.” Review of Economics and Statistics 88: 510-530.
Mayda, A. M. 2008. “Immigration and Trade: A Comparative Analysis of Individual Attitudes Across Countries" Economics Letters, forthcoming.
Mayda, A. M. 2009. “International migration: A panel data analysis of the determinants of bilateral flows” Journal of Population Economics, forthcoming Money, J. 1997. “No Vacancy: The Political Geography of Immigration Control in Advanced Industrial Countries.” International Organization 51: 685-720.
O’Rourke, K. H., and R. Sinnott. 2005. “The Determinants of Individual Attitudes Towards Immigration.” European Journal of Political Econom 22, 838–861
Ortega, F. 2005. “Immigration Quotas and Skill Upgrading.” Journal of Public Economics 89: 1841-1863.
Pritchett, L. 2006 “The future of migration: Accommodating irresistible forces and immovable ideas”, mimeo, JFK School of Government, Harvard University.
Rodrik, D. 1995. “Political Economy of Trade Policy.” Chapter 28 in The Handbook of International Economics, vol. 3, eds. G. Grossman and K. Rogoff. Amsterdam: North- Holland, pp. 1457-1494.
Scheve, K., and M. Slaughter. 2001. “Labor Market Competition and Individual Preferences Over Immigration Policy.” Review of Economics and Statistics 83: 133-145.
SOPEMI 2008 International Migration Outlook Paris, OECD United Nations World Population Policies, United Nations, New York, various issues.
Timmer, A., and J. G. Williamson. 1996. “Racism, Xenophobia or Markets? The Political Economy of Immigration Prior to the Thirties.” NBER Working Papers no. 5867. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
World Bank World Development Report 2009: Reshaping Economic Geography Washington, DC.
Watts, J. R. 2002. “Immigration policy and the challenge of globalization” Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London.