Tirtosudarmo, Riwanto (2009): Mobility and Human Development in Indonesia. Published in: Human Development Research Paper (HDRP) Series , Vol. 19, No. 2009
Download (2MB) | Preview
This paper addresses population movement in Indonesia within the broader contexts of human development. Human movement, voluntary and involuntary, is a reflection of the people initiatives and responses to the changing nature of society and economy. As a large archipelagic state, movement of people across the country, historically, has always an important dimension of social formation in Indonesia. The paper however focuses on movement of people in the last four decades. It aims to examine the connection between migration and its wider social and economic contexts, looking at how politics shape migration policy and in turn, how migration affects policy making. The paper discusses at length recent issues of overseas labor migration, particularly on the apparently embedded inertia within the policy making processes. The continuing incidences of irregular migration, forced migration and human trafficking obviously mirror the incapacity of the state in properly managing the movement of people. The insufficient data and information generally hampered any conclusive linkages of migration and human development. With or without state’s proper policies people will continuously on the move enriching human development in Indonesia.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Mobility and Human Development in Indonesia|
|Keywords:||Indonesia, migration, transmigration, social formation, economic development, human development|
|Subjects:||Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration
|Date Deposited:||12. Dec 2009 08:11|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 04:45|
Ananta, Aris and Evi Nurvidya Arifin, 2008, “Demographic and Population Mobility Transition in Indonesia”, paper presented at PECC-ABAC Conference on “Demographic Change and International Labor Mobility in the Asia Pacific Region: Implications for Business and Cooperation”. Seoul, Korea, March 25-26.
Asian Migrant Yearbook 1999: Migration facts, analysis and Issues in 1998.
Breman, Jan and Gunawan Wiradi, 2002, Good Times and bad Times in Rural Java. Leiden: KITLV.
Glassburner, B. 1978., „Political Economy and the Suharto Regime‟, Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Vol. 14, No. 3, November, pp. 24-51.
Hardjono, Joan, M., 1986, “Transmigration: Looking to the Future”, Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 28-53.
Hardjosudarmo, S., 1965. Kebijaksanaan Transmigrasi dalam rangka Pembangunan Masyarakat Desa di Indonesia (Transmigration Policy in the Context of Rural Development in Indonesia). Jakarta: Bhratara.
Hatta, Mohammad, 1954, Beberapa Fasal ekonomi: Djalan ke Ekonomi dan Koperasi (Several Economic Aspects: Path towards Economy and Cooperatives). Jakarta:
Perpustakaan Perguruan Kementrian P.P. dan K. Hedman, Eva-Lotta, 2008, Conflict, Violence, and Displacement in Indonesia. Ithaca, New York: Cornell Southeast Asia Program.
Heeren, H. J., 1979, Transmigrasi di Indonesia (Transmigration in Indonesia). Yogyakarta: Gajah Mada University Press.
Hernandez-Coss, Raul, et.al., 2008, “The Malaysia-Indonesia Remittance Corridor: Making Formal transfers the Best Option for Women and Undocumented Migrants”. World Bank Working Paper No. 149. Washington DC: The World Bank.
Hugo, Graeme, 1978, Population Mobility in West Java. Jogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Hugo, Graeme, 1980, „Population movements in Indonesia during the colonial period‟, in Indonesia : Australian Perspectives, ed. J.J. Fox. et.al. pp. 95-136. Canberra: Australian National University.
Hugo, Graeme, 1982, „Circular Migration in Indonesia‟, Population and Development Review. Vol. 8, No. 1 : pp. 59-83.
Hugo, Graeme, 2006, “Forced Migration in Indonesia: Historical Perspectives”, Asia and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 53-92. International Crisis Group (ICG), 2008, “Indonesia: Communal Tensions in Papua”, Asia Report , No, 154, 16 June.
Hugo, Graeme J. et. al., 1987, The Demographic Dimension in Indonesian Development. Singapore: Oxford University Press.
Institute Ecosoc Rights, 2008, "Kebijakan Ilegal Migrasi Buruh Migran dan Mitos Pembaharuan Kebijakan: Antara Malaysia-Singapura" (Migrant Worker Ilegal Policy and the Myth of Policy Reform: Between Malaysia and Singapore), Research Draft Report. Jakarta: Institute of Ecosoc Rights.
Jones, Gavin W and Mike Douglass, 2008, Mega-Urban Regions in Pacific Asia: Urban Dynamics in a Global Era. Singapore: NUS Press.
Lineton, J. 1975. „Pasompe Ugi: Bugis Migrants and Wanderers‟, Archipel, No. 10. pp.173-201.
Mantra, I.B. 1981. Population Movement in Wet Rice Communities : A Case Study of Two Dukuh in Jogyakarta Special Region. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
McGibbon, Rodd, 2004, “Plural Society in Peril: Migration, Economic Change, and the Papua Conflict”. Policy Studies 13, East-West Center Washington.
McNicoll, G. 1968, „Internal Migration in Indonesia‟, Indonesia, Vol. 5, pp. 29-92.
Montgomery, R.D., 1975, Migration, employment and unemployment in Java: Changes from 1961-1971, with particular reference to the green revolution”. Asian Survey, Vol. 15, No. 3 : pp. 224-234.
Muhidin, Salahudin, 2002, The Population of Indonesia: Regional demographic scenarios using a multiregional method and multiple data sources. PhD Thesis, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Pelzer, K.J., 1945, Pioneer Settlement in the Asiatic Tropics. American Geographical Society, Special Publication No. 29. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Speare, A. 1975. 'Interpreting the migration data fron the 1971 Census (Indonesia)', Majalah Demografi Indonesia, No. 3 : pp. 66-85.
Suharso, A. Speare, H.R. Redmana and I. Husin. Rural-Urban Migration in Indonesia. Jakarta : National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
Sukamdi e.al, 2004, “Impact of Remittances on the Indonesian Economy”, in Aris Ananta and Evi Nurvidya Arifin (Eds.), International Migration in Southeast Asia. pp137-165.Singapore: Institute of Southeast asian Studies.
Sundrum, R.M., 1976. 'Interprovincial migration', Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Vol. 12 No.1 : pp. 66-85
Suryadinata, Leo, et.al., 2003, Indonesia’s Population: Ethnicity and Religion in a Changing Political Landscape. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
Temple, G. 1975, „Migration to Jakarta‟, Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Vol 11. No. 1 : pp. 76-81.
The Jakarta Post, “Lucrative labor business sets rift between officials”, 17 March 2008.
The Jakarta Post, “Labor export agency asked to stick to rules of the game”, 17 February 2009.
Tirtosudarmo, Riwanto, 2001. “Demography and Security: The transmigration Policy in Indonesia”. In Myron Weiner and Sharon Stanton (eds.) Demography and National Security, pp. 199-227. Boston: Berghahn Books.
Tirtosudarmo, Riwanto, 1997, „Migration, Economic Development and Ethnic Conflict in
Indonesia: A Preliminary Observation‟, Soujourn, Vol. 12, No.2 (October), pp. 293-328.
Tirtosudarmo, Riwanto. 1985. „Migration Decision Making : The Case of East Java‟, Monograph Series. Jakarta: National institute of Economic and Social Research, Indonesian Institute of Sciences.
Titus, M. J., 1978, „Inter-regional migration in Indonesia as a reflection of social and economic activities‟, Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 62 (4), pp. 194- 204.
UNDP, 2004, The Economics of Democracy: Financing Human development in Indonesia. National Human Development Report 2004. Jakarta: BPS, Bappenas, UNDP.
UNDP, 2001, Towards a New Consensus: Democracy and Human Development in Indonesia. Indonesia Human Development Report 2001. Jakarta: BPS, Bappenas, UNDP.
Vredenbreght, J. 1964. „Bawean Migrations‟, Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land-en Volkenkunde, No. 120, pp. 109-139.
Vidyattama, Yogi, 2008, “Patterns of Provincial Economic Growth in Indonesia”. A thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, The Australian National University.
World Bank, 1988, Indonesia: The Transmigration Program in Perspective. Washington D.C: The World Bank.