Yang, Dean (2009): International Migration and Human Development. Published in: Human Development Research Paper (HDRP) Series , Vol. 29, No. 2009
Download (584kB) | Preview
This paper reviews the relationship between international migration and human development. First, it reviews what we know about the factors that drive migration from developing to developed countries. Second, it reviews existing knowledge about the impact of international migration and remittances on the economic and human development of migrants’ source countries. These first two sections of the paper are accompanied by an assessment of the gaps in our knowledge that need to be filled with further research. The last section of the paper outlines policies that could help raise the development impact of migration and remittances. First, governments should extend absentee voting rights to overseas citizens. In addition, facilitating migrants’ access to and use of financial services could bring substantial benefits. Furthermore, governments can profitably devote self-discovery and enterprise promotion efforts to small-scale activities. Finally, there could be substantial benefits from encouraging overseas citizens to retire at home while taking advantage of accumulated retirement benefits from their migration host countries.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||International Migration and Human Development|
|Keywords:||International migration, remittances, human development|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration|
|Date Deposited:||12. Dec 2009 12:02|
|Last Modified:||30. Mar 2015 13:54|
Adams, R. H., Jr., “Remittances, investment, and rural asset accumulation in Pakistan,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, 17(1), 1998, pp. 155-173.
Adams, R. H. Jr., “Remittances, Household Expenditure and Investment in Guatemala,” in International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain, ed. Caglar Ozden and Maurice Schiff. Washington, DC: World Bank, 2005.
Ahlburg, D., Remittances and Their Impact : A Study of Tonga and Western Samoa, Canberra: Australian National University, 1991.
Ashraf, Nava, "Spousal Control and Intra-Household Decision Making: An Experimental Study in the Philippines," American Economic Review, forthcoming. Ashraf, Nava, Diego Aycinena, and Claudia Martinez A., and Dean Yang, “Remittances and the Problem of Control: A Field Experiment Among Migrants from El Salvador,” mimeo, University of Michigan, 2009.
Asis, Maruja. Hearts Apart: Migration in the Eyes of Filipino Children. Scalabrini Migration Center, Manila, 2003.
Behrman, Jere and Mark R. Rosenzweig, “Returns to Birthweight.” Review of Economics and Statistics, 86(2), 2004, pp. 586-601.
Binswanger, Hans P. and Donald A. Sillers, "Risk Aversion and Credit Constraints in Farmers' Decision-Making: A Reinterpretation." Journal of Development Studies, 20, 1983, pp. 5-21.
Borjas, George, “Immigrant and Emigrant Earnings: A Longitudinal Study,” Economic Inquiry, 27(1), 1989, pp. 21-37.
Bravo, Jorge, The Political Economy of Mexico-U.S. Migration: A View from the Source Country, Ph.D. Dissertation, Duke University, Department of Political Science, 2008.
Brown, R.P.C., “Migrants' remittances, savings, and investment in the South Pacific,” International Labour Review, 133(3), 1994, pp. 347-367.
Brown, R.P.C. and Ahlburg, D., “Remittances in the South Pacific,” International Journal of Social Economics, 26(1/2/3), 1999, pp. 325-344.
Browning, M., and Chiappori, P.-A., “Efficient Intra-household Allocations: A General Characterisation and Empirical Tests,” Econometrica, 66 (6), 1998, pp. 1241-1278.
Carey, John, “Political institutions in El Salvador: Proposals for reform to improve elections, transparency and accountability,” in Ricardo Hausmann, ed., La agenda nacional. San Salvador, El Salvador: Fundacion Salvadorena para el Desarollo Economico y Social (FUSADES), 2003.
Chen, Joyce, “Migration and Imperfect Monitoring: Implications for Intra-household Allocation,” American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings, May 2006.
Chiappori, Pierre Andre, "Econometric Models of Insurance under Asymmetric Information", in G Dionne (ed.), Handbook of Insurance: North Holland, forthcoming.
Clarke, George and Scott Wallsten, “Do Remittances Act Like Insurance? Evidence from a Natural Disaster in Jamaica,” working paper, World Bank, 2004.
Clemens, Michael A. and Lant Pritchett, "Income Per Natural: Measuring Development for People rather than Places", Population and Development Review, 34 (3), 2008, pp. 395-434.
Clemens, Michael A., Claudio E. Montenegro, and Lant Pritchett, “The Place Premium: Wage Differences for Identical Workers Across the U.S. Border,” Harvard Kennedy School of Government Working Paper RWP09-004, January 2009.
Conning, Jonathan and Christopher Udry, “Rural Financial Markets in Developing Countries,” in R. E. Everson, P. Pingali, and T.P. Schultz (eds.), The Handbook of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 3: Farmers, Farm Production, and Farm Markets, Elsevier Science, 2005.
Constant, Amelie, and Douglas Massey, “Return Migration by German Guestworkers: Neoclassical Versus New Economic Theories,” International Migration, 40 (4), 2002, pp. 5-38.
Córdova, Abby and Jonathan Hiskey, “Migrant Networks and Democracy in Latin America,” working paper, Vanderbilt University, 2009.
Cox-Edwards, A. and Ureta, M. “International migration, remittances, and schooling: evidence from El Salvador,” Journal of Development Economics, 72, 2003, pp. 429-461.
De Laat, Joost, “Household Allocations and Endogenous Information,” mimeo, University of Quebec at Montreal, 2008.
Djajic, Slobodan and Ross Milbourne, “A General Equilibrium Model of Guest-Worker Migration: The Source Country Perspective,” Journal of International Economics, 25, 1988, pp. 335-351.
Dubois, P. and E. Ligon, “Incentives and Nutrition for Rotten Kids: Intrahousehold Food Allocation in the Philippines,” Working Paper, 2003.
Duflo, Esther. 2003. “Grandmothers and Granddaughters: Old Age Pension and Intra-Household Allocation in South Africa.” World Bank Economic Review. 17(1), 1-25.
Durand, J., Kandel, W., Parrado, E. and Massey, D., “International migration and development in Mexican communities,” Demography, 33(2), 1996, pp. 249-264.
Dustmann, Christian, “Return Migration, Wage Differentials, and the Optimal Migration Duration,” European Economic Review, 47, 2003, pp. 353-369.
Dustmann, C., and Kirchkamp, O., “The optimal migration duration and activity choice after remigration,” Journal of Development Economics, 67, 2002, pp. 351-372.
Fafchamps, Marcel and Susan Lund, “Risk-sharing Networks in Rural Philippines,” Journal of Development Economics, 71(2), 2003, pp. 261-287.
Fisman, Raymond and Shang-Jin Wei, “Tax Rates and Tax Evasion: Evidence from ‘Missing Imports’ in China,” Journal of Political Economy, 112, 2004, pp. 471-96.
Ghosh, P., D. Mookherjee, and D. Ray, “Credit Rationing in Developing Countries: An Overview of the Theory,” in D. Mookherjee and D. Ray, eds., Readings in the Theory of Economic Development, Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2000, pp. 283-301.
Gibson, John, David Mckenzie, and Steven Stillman, “The Impacts of International Migration on Remaining Household Members: Omnibus Results from a Migration Lottery Program,” mimeo, University of Waikato, World Bank, and Motu Economic and Public Policy Research, 2008.
Gibson, John and David Mckenzie, “Preliminary Impacts of a New Seasonal Work Program on Rural Household Incomes in the Pacific,” mimeo, World Bank and University of Waikato, 2009.
Giné, Xavier, and Stefan Klonner, "Financing a New Technology in Small-scale Fishing: the Dynamics of a Linked Product and Credit Contract", working paper, World Bank, 2005.
Goodman, Gary L. and Jonathan Hiskey. "Exit Without Leaving: Political Disengagement in High Migration Municipalities in Mexico." Comparative Politics 40, no. 2 (2008): 169-88.
Grindle, M.. Searching for Rural Development: Labor Migration and Employment in Mexico, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988.
Harris, John and Michael Todaro, “Migration, Unemployment and Development: A Two-Sector Analysis,” American Economic Review, 60(1), 1970, pp. 126-142.
Hausmann, Ricardo, and Dani Rodrik, "Economic Development as Self-Discovery," Journal of Development Economics, 72(2), 2003, pp. 603-633.
Hill, John K., “Immigrant Decisions Concerning Duration of Stay and Migratory Frequency,” Journal of Development Economics, 25, 1987, pp. 221-234.
Karlan, Dean, and Jonathan Zinman, "Observing Unobservables: Identifying Information Asymmetries with a Consumer Credit Field Experiment", working paper, Yale University and Dartmouth College, 2006.
Kochar, Anjini, “Smoothing Consumption by Smoothing Income: Hours-of-Work Responses to Idiosyncratic Agricultural Shocks in Rural India,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 81(1), 1999, pp. 50-61.
Levitt, Peggy. 2001. The Transnational Villagers. Berkeley: University of California Press. Levitt, Peggy. 1998. “Social Remittances: Migration Driven Local-Level Forms of Cultural Diffusion.” International Migration Review 32(4): 926-948.
Ligon, Ethan, Jonathan P. Thomas, and Tim Worall, “Informal Insurance Arrangements with Limited Commitment: Theory and Evidence from Village Economies,” Review of Economic Studies, 69, 2002, pp. 209-244.
Lipton, M., “Migration from rural areas of poor countries: the impact on rural productivity and income distribution,” World Development, 8(1), 1980, pp. 1-24.
Lucas, Robert E. B. and Stark Oded, ”Motivations to Remit: Evidence from Botswana,” Journal of Political Economy, 93(5), 1985, pp. 901-918.
Lundberg, S. and R. Pollak, “Separate Spheres Bargaining and the Marriage Market,” Journal of Political Economy, 101, 1993, pp. 988-1010.
Manser, M. and M. Brown, “Marriage and Household Decision-Making: A Bargaining Analysis,” International Economic Review, 21, 1980.
Martinez, Claudia, “Intra-Household Allocation and Bargaining Power: Evidence from Chile,” mimeo, University of Michigan, 2006.
Massey, D., Alarcon, R., Durand, J., and Gonzalez, H. Return to Aztlan: The Social Process of International Migration from Western Mexico, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.
Massey, D. and Parrado, E., “International migration and business formation in Mexico,” Social Science Quarterly, 79(1), 1998, pp. 1-19.
McCormick, B. and Wahba, J., “Overseas work experience, savings and entrepreneurship amongst return migrants to LDCs,” Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 48(2), 2001, pp. 164- 178.
McElroy, M. and M. Horney, "Nash-Bargained Household Decisions: Towards a Generalization of the Theory of Demand," International Economic Review, 22/2, 1981.
Mckenzie, David, John Gibson and Steven Stillman, “How Important is Selection? Experimental Vs Non-experimental Measures of the Income Gains from Migration,” Journal of the European Economic Association, forthcoming. Mckenzie, David and Nicole Hildebrandt, “The effects of migration on child health in Mexico,” Economia, 6(1): 257-89 (2005).
Mesnard, A., “Temporary migration and capital market imperfections,” Oxford Economic Papers, 56, 2004, pp. 242-262.
Mishra, Prachi, “Macroeconomic Impact of Remittances in the Caribbean,” working paper, International Monetary Fund, 2005.
Morduch, Jonathan, “Risk, Production, and Saving: Theory and Evidence from Indian Villages,” Harvard University, mimeo, 1993.
Munshi, Kaivan, “Networks in the Modern Economy: Mexican Migrants in the U.S. Labor Market,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(2), 2003, 549-600.
Orozco, Manuel, "Remittances and Markets: New Players and Practices," Inter-American Dialogue and Tomas Rivera Policy Institute, June 2000.
Paulson, Anna, “Insurance Motives for Migration: Evidence from Thailand,” Kellogg Graduate School of Management, Northwestern University, mimeo, 2003.
Paulson, Anna L., Robert M. Townsend and Alexander Karaivanov, "Distinguishing Limited Commitment from Moral Hazard in Models of Growth with Inequality", Journal of Political Economy, 114. No. 1, 2006, pp. 100 -144.
Paxson, Christina, “Using Weather Variability to Estimate the Response of Savings to Transitory Income in Thailand,” American Economic Review, 82(1), 1992, pp. 15-33.
Piore, Michael, Birds of Passage. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979.
Pritchett, Lant and Geeta Sethi, “Tariff Rates, Tariff Revenue, and Tariff Reform: Some New Facts,” World Bank Economic Review, 8(1), 1994, pp. 1-16.
Rangel, Marcos, “Alimony Rights and Intrahousehold Allocation of Resources: Evidence from Brazil,” Economic Journal, Vol. 116, 2006, pp. 627-658.
Ratha, Dilip, “Workers' Remittances: An Important and Stable Source of External Development Finance,” in Global Development Finance 2003: Striving for Stability in Development Finance. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund, 2003.
Ratha, Dilip, Sanket Mohapatra, K. M. Vijayalakshmi,and Zhimei Xu, Migration and Development Brief 5. Development Prospects Group, Migration and Remittances Team, 2008.
Reichert, J., “The migrant syndrome: seasonal US wage labor and rural development in central Mexico,” Human Organization, 40(1), 1981, pp. 56-66.
Reinikka, Ritva, and Jakob Svensson, “Local Capture: Evidence from a Central Government Transfer Program in Uganda,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 119(2), 2004, pp. 679-706.
Rosenzweig, Mark and Oded Stark, “Consumption Smoothing, Migration, and Marriage: Evidence from Rural India,” Journal of Political Economy, 97(4), 1989, pp. 905-926.
Rosenzweig, Mark and Kenneth Wolpin, “Credit Market Constraints, Consumption Smoothing and the Accumulation of Durable Production Assets in Low-Income Countries: Investments in Bullocks in India,” Journal of Political Economy, 101, 1993, pp. 223-244.
Royer, Heather. “Separated at Girth: Estimating the Long-Run and Intergenerational Effects of Birthweight Using Twins.” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, forthcoming. Sjastaad, Larry, “The Costs and Returns of Human Migration,”' Journal of Political Economy, 70(5), 1962, pp. 80-93.
Stark, Oded, Christian Helmenstein, and Yury Yegorov, “Migrants’ Savings, Purchasing Power Parity, and the Optimal Duration of Migration,” International Tax and Public Finance, 4, 1997, pp. 307-324.
Stiglitz, Joseph E., "Incentives and Risk Sharing in Sharecropping", Review of Economic Studies 41, 1974, 397-426.
Swarns, Rachel L., “Old ID Card Gives New Status to Mexicans in U.S.” New York Times, August 25, 2003, p. 1.
Taylor, J.E., Rozelle, S. and de Brauw, A., “Migration and incomes in source communities: a new economics of migration perspective from China,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, 52, 2003, pp. 75-101.
Terry, Donald F. and Steven R. Wilson, eds., Beyond Small Change: Making Migrant Remittances Count. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank, 2005.
Townsend, Robert, “Risk and Insurance in Village India,” Econometrica, 62(3), 1994, pp. 539- 591.
Udry, Christopher, “Risk and Insurance in a Rural Credit Market: An Empirical Investigation in Northern Nigeria,” Review of Economic Studies, 61(3), 1994, pp. 495-526.
Udry, Christopher, “Gender, Agricultural Productivity and the Theory of the Household”, Journal of Political Economy, 104, 1996.
United Nations, International Migration Report 2002, UN Population Division, New York. United States Bureau of the Census, International Data Base, Washington, D.C., 2002.
Woodruff, Christopher and Rene Zenteno, “Migrant Networks and Microenterprises in Mexico,” Journal of Development Economics, 82(2), 2007, pp. 509-528.
World Bank, Global Economic Prospects 2006: Economic Implications of Remittances and Migration. Washington, DC, 2006.
World Bank, Close to Home: The Development Impact of Remittances in Latin America. Washington, DC, 2007.
Yang, Dean and Claudia Martinez A., “Remittances and Poverty in Migrants’ Home Areas: Evidence from the Philippines” in Caglar Ozden and Maurice Schiff, eds., International Migration, Remittances, and the Brain Drain, World Bank, 2005.
Yang, Dean, “Why Do Migrants Return to Poor Countries? Evidence from Philippine Migrants’ Responses to Exchange Rate Shocks,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 88(4), 2006, pp. 715- 735.
Yang, Dean and HwaJung Choi, “Are Remittances Insurance? Evidence from Rainfall Shocks in the Philippines,” World Bank Economic Review, 21(2), 2007, pp. 219-248.
Yang, Dean, “Coping with Disaster: The Impact of Hurricanes on International Financial Flows, 1970-2002,” B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy, 8(1), (Advances), Article 13, 2008.
Yang, Dean, “International Migration, Remittances, and Household Investment: Evidence from Philippine Migrants’ Exchange Rate Shocks,” Economic Journal, 118, 2008, pp. 591-630.