Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Heterodox environmental economics: theoretical strands in search of a paradigm

Marletto, Gerardo (2009): Heterodox environmental economics: theoretical strands in search of a paradigm. Published in: Economia delle fonti di energia e dell'ambiente (Economics and policy of energy and the environment) , Vol. 52, No. 1 (2009): pp. 25-33.


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Heterodox environmental economics is mainly based on non-mainstream economic theories; more precisely it refers to institutional and Schumpeterian economics. Starting from these theoretical foundations, heterodox environmental economics radically differs from the mainstream approach to environmental economics and policy. Three basic concepts are at the hearth of such a different vision: resource regimes, as institutional structures established to manage natural resources; environmental appraisals, as “value articulating” institutions conditioned by the incommensurability of conflicting values; transitions, as dynamic processes that are needed to unlock existing “socio-technical” systems. But a stable community of researchers defining themselves as ‘evolutionary/institutional environmental economists’ still does not exist. Time will tell if existing connections between some research groups will generate the social core of a nascent paradigm.

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