Yamamura, Eiji (2010): Game Information, Local Heroes, And Their Effect On Attendance: The Case Of The Japanese Baseball League.
Download (317kB) | Preview
In the Japanese Professional Baseball League, the starting pitcher is announced prior to the game in the Pacific League but not in the Central League. I attempt to investigate how the release of information concerning a starting pitcher prior to the game affects attendance. My major findings are: (1) In the Pacific League, the salary (and overall number of wins) of the home team’s starting pitcher is positively related to attendance, while that of the visiting team is not. (2) In the Central League, neither the salary (or the overall number of wins) of the home team’s starting pitcher nor that of the visiting team affect attendance.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Game Information, Local Heroes, And Their Effect On Attendance: The Case Of The Japanese Baseball League|
|Keywords:||Game information; attendance; Japanese Professional Baseball League|
|Subjects:||Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology > Z19 - Other
L - Industrial Organization > L8 - Industry Studies: Services > L83 - Sports ; Gambling ; Restaurants ; Recreation ; Tourism
|Depositing User:||eiji yamamura|
|Date Deposited:||12. Jan 2010 16:32|
|Last Modified:||17. Feb 2013 13:41|
Andersen, T. and J. La Croix. (1991). Customer racial discrimination in major league baseball. Economic Inquiry 29: 665-677.
Baseball Magazine. (Various years). Nihon Puro-yakyu Kiroku Nenkan (Baseball Record Book), Tokyo: Baseball Magazine sha. [in Japanese].
Baseball Magazine. (2009). Puro-yakyu Draft Zenshi (History of Baseball draft), Tokyo: Baseball Magazine sha. [in Japanese].
Becker, G.. (1971). The Economics of Discrimination. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bruggink, T. and J. Eaton. (1996). Rebuilding attendance in major league baseball: The demand for individual games. in Baseball Economics: Current Research, edited by J. Fizel, E. Bustafson, and l. Hadley. Westport, CT: Praeger: 9-31.
Burdekin, R. and T. Idson. (1991). Customer preferences, attendance and the racial structure of professional basketball teams. Applied Economics 23: 179-186.
Nihon Keizai Newspaper. (2008).Chiiki micchaku minori no pa. (Region oriented pacific league turned out to be successful). Nihon Keizai Newspaper, 1 January [in Japanese].
Eckard, E.W. (2001). Free agency, competitive balance, and diminishing returns to pennant contention. Economic Inquiry 39: 430-443.
Greene, W.H. (1997). Econometric Analysis (3 eds), Prentice-Hall: London.
Gwartney, J. and C. Haworth. (1974). Employer costs and discrimination: The case of baseball. Journal of Political Economy 82: 873-881.
Hill, J., J. Madura., and R. Zuber. (1982). The short-ran demand for major league baseball. Atlantic Economic Journal 10: 31-55.
Hoang, H., and D. Rascher. (1999). The NBA, exit discrimination and career earnings. Industrial Relations 38: 69-91.
Hunt, J.W. Jr, and K. A. Lewis.(1976). Dominance, Recontracting, and the Reserve Clause: Major League Baseball. American Economic Review 66: 936-943.
Irani, D. (1996). Estimating customer discrimination in baseball using panel data: 1972-1991. in Baseball Economics: Current Research, edited by J. Fizel, E. Bustafson, and l. Hadley. Westport, CT: Praeger: 47-61.
Kahn L., and P. Sherer. (1988). Racial discrimination in professional baseball: Evidence from Nielson ratings. Journal of Labor Economics 6: 40-61.
Kahane, L., and S. Shmanske. (1997). Team roster turnover and attendance in major league baseball. Applied Economics, 29: 425-31.
Knowles, G., K.Sherony., and M. Haupert. (1992). The demand for major league baseball: A test of the uncertainty of outcome hypothesis.” American Economist 36: 72-80.
Kobayashi, I. (2004). Gappei, baikyaku, shinkisan-nyu: takaga... saredo puro-yakyu[in Japanese] (Mergers, sale, new entrance: no more than baseball, still baseball!), Tokyo: Takarajima-sha.
La Croix, S., and A. Kawaura. (1999). Rule Changes and Competitive Balance in Japanese Professional Baseball. Economic Inquiry 37: 353-368.
Moulton, B. R., (1990). An Illustration of a Pitfall in Estimating the Effects of Aggregate Variables on Micro Unit. Review of Economics and Statistics, 72(2): 334-38.
Nagatani, O. (2005). Oh Sadaharu ga katatta kyukai kiki. Mo Nagashima-san ni tayorunowa yameyoyo. (Sadaharu Oh told that Japan professional baseball confront the difficulty and it should to stop rely on the popularity of Mr. Nagashima). Shukan Bunshun, 21 July 2005. [in Japanese].
Nardinelli, C. and C. Simon. (1990). Customer racial discrimination in the market for memorabilia: The case of baseball. Quarterly Journal of Economics 105: 575-595.
Nihon Keizai Newspaper (ed.). (2005). Kyukai saihen wa owaranai. (The reorganization of Japan professional baseball league would not come to an end). Tokyo, Nihon Keizai Newspaper. [in Japanese].
Ninomiya, S., and Y. Higuchi. (2005). Nihon Puro-yakyu Kaizo Keikaku. (The plan to reform Japan Professional Baseball League). Tokyo, Nihon Hyoronsha. [in Japanese].
Noll, R.G. (1974). Attendance and price-setting. In Roger Noll (ed.), Government and the Sports Business. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution: 115-157.
Takarajima Sha. (various years). Puro-yakyu Senshu Meikan ( A Directory of Professional Baseball Players), Tokyo: Takarajima Sha. [in Japanese].
Rosen, S. (1981). The Economics of Superstars. American Economic Review 71: 845-858.
Schmidt, M., and D. Berri. (2001). Competitive balance and attendance: The case of major league baseball. Journal of Sports Economics 2: 145-167.
Schmidt, M., and D. Berri. (2002). The impact of the 1981 and 1994-1995 strikes on major league baseball attendance: A time series analysis. Applied Economics 34: 471-478.
Schmidt, M., and D. Berri. (2004). The impact of labor strikes on consumer demand: An application to professional sports. American Economic Review 94: 344-355.
Scully, G.. (1974). Discrimination: the case of baseball. In Roger Noll (ed.), Government and the Sports Business. Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution: 221-274.
Usami, T. (ed.). (1993). Puro-yakyu Kiroku Taikan (Professional Baseball Record Book.), Kodansha, Tokyo. [In Japanese]
Whitney, J. (1988). Winning games versus winning championships: The economics of fan interest and team performance. Economic Inquiry 26: 703-724.
Yamamura, E., and I. Shin. (2008a). Convergence, clustering and their effects on attendance in the Japan professional baseball league. Applied Economics, forthcoming.
Yamamura, E., and I. Shin. (2008b). The influence of a leader and social interaction on attendance: The case of the Japanese professional baseball league, 1952-2003. Journal of Socio Economics 37: 1412-1426.