Ajilore, Olugbenga and Smith, John (2010): Ethnic fragmentation and police spending.
Download (93kB) | Preview
Using a Two-Stage Least Squares procedure, we estimate the relationship between ethnic fragmentation and police spending using a cross-section of United States counties. Our results show that, when controlling for community characteristics and accounting for simultaneity bias, ethnic fragmentation is positively related to police spending. Our paper contributes to the understanding of the stylized fact that public spending on police increased over a period in which the incidence of crime decreased.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Ethnic fragmentation and police spending|
|Keywords:||ethnic fragmentation, police spending, police, crime, fragmentation|
|Subjects:||H - Public Economics > H7 - State and Local Government ; Intergovernmental Relations > H76 - State and Local Government: Other Expenditure Categories
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J15 - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants ; Non-labor Discrimination
|Depositing User:||John Smith|
|Date Deposited:||15 Jan 2010 15:41|
|Last Modified:||27 Oct 2016 19:45|
Alesina, A., Baqir, R. and Easterly, W. (1999) Public Goods and Ethnic Divisions, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114, 1243–84.
Bursik, R. and Grasmick, H. (1993) Neighborhoods and Crime: The Dimensions of Effective Community Control, Lexington Books, New York.
Di Tella, R. and Schargrodsky E. (2004) Do Police Reduce Crime? Estimates Using the Allocation of Police Forces After a Terrorist Attack, American Economic Review, 94(1), 115-133.
Doyle, J., Ahmed, E. and Horn, R. (1999) The Effects of Labor Markets and Income Inequality on Crime: Evidence from Panel Data, Southern Economic Journal, 65(4), 717–38.
Hero, R. and Tolbert, C. (1996) A Racial/Ethnic Diversity Interpretation of Politics and Policy in the State of the U.S., American Journal of Political Science, 40(3), 851–71.
Kelly, M. (2000) Inequality and Crime, Review of Economics and Statistics, 82(4), 530–9.
Kovandzic, T. and Sloan, J.J. (2002) Police Levels and Crime Rates Revisited: A County-Level Analysis from Florida (1980–1998), Journal of Criminal Justice, 30, 65–76.
Levitt, S. (1997) Using Electoral Cycles in Police Hiring to Estimate the Effect of Police on Crime, American Economic Review, 87(3), 270-90.
Levitt, S. (2002) Using Electoral Cycles in Police Hiring to Estimate the Effect of Police on Crime: Reply, American Economic Review, 92(4), 1244-50.
Levitt, S. (2004) Understanding Why Crime Fell in the 1990’s: Four Factors that Explain the Decline and Six that do not, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 18(1), 163-90.
Locher, L. and Moretti, E. (2004) The Effect of Education on Crime: Evidence from Prison Inmates, Arrests, and Self-Reports, American Economic Review, 94(1), 155–89.
Marvell, T. and Moody, C.E. (1996) Specification Problems, Police Levels, and Crime Rates, Criminology, 34(4), 609–640.
McCrary, J. (2002) Using Electoral Cycles in Police Hiring to Estimate the Effect of Police on Crime: Comment, American Economic Review, 92(4), 1236-43.
Poterba, J. (1997) Demographic Structure and the Political Economy of Public Expenditure, Journal of Policy Analysis & Management, 16, 48–66.