Chen, Xi and Zhang, Xiaobo (2009): The Distribution of Income and Well-Being in Rural China: A Survey of Panel Data Sets, Studies and New Directions.
Download (742kB) | Preview
This paper reviews the recent literature on inequality and income distribution in rural China utilizing panel datasets. We begin by brieﬂy summarizing and comparing available panel datasets for rural China that can be employed to explore issues on inequality and income distribution, and major data issues that might act as obstacles to research and policy enforcement are then analyzed. The paper then reviews the trend and spatial decompositions of rural income inequality, its major determinants, and its relationship with household welfare. Dimensions other than income inequality, such as income mobility and income polarization, are categorized and reviewed respectively. A recently developed branch of literature on inequality and health is summarized. On the basis of the review, this paper concludes by identifying new research areas with existing panel data sets and a new panel dataset that could shape future research.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The Distribution of Income and Well-Being in Rural China: A Survey of Panel Data Sets, Studies and New Directions|
|Keywords:||Inequality；Income Distribution；Rural China；Panel Data|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D3 - Distribution > D31 - Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O53 - Asia including Middle East
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration
|Depositing User:||Dr. Xi Chen|
|Date Deposited:||09. Feb 2010 04:09|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 13:31|
Anderson, S., 2007. “The Economics of Dowry and Bride Price,” Journal of Economic Perspectives 21(4): 151-74.
Araar, A., 2008. “On the Decomposition of Polarization Indices: Illustrations with Chinese and Nigerian Household Surveys,” Cahier de recherché/Working Paper 08-06.
Banerjee, A. V. and E. Duflo, 2007. “The Economic Lives of the Poor,” Journal of Economic Perspectives 21(1):141-167.
Benjamin, D., L. Brandt, P. Glewwe, and L. Guo, 2002. "Markets, Human Capital, and Inequality: Evidence from Rural China," in Inequality around the World. Richard Freeman ed. London: Palgrave, pp. 87-127.
Benjamin, D., L. Brandt, and J. Giles, 2005a. “The Evolution of Income Inequality in Rural China,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, vol. 53(4), 769-824.
Benjamin, D., L. Brandt, J. Giles, S. Wang, 2005b. “Income Inequality During China's Economic Transition,” Working Papers tecipa-238.
Benjamin, D., L. Brandt and J. Giles, 2006. “Inequality and Growth in Rural China: Does Higher Inequality Impede Growth?” working paper.
Brown, P., E. Bulte, and X. Zhang, 2008. “Positional Spending and Status Seeking in Rural China,” working paper.
Chen, S. and M. Ravallion, 1996. “Data in transition: Assessing rural living standards in southern China,” China Economic Review, Vol. 7, pp. 23-56.
Chen. X. and X. Zhang, 2009. “Blood for Social Status: A Tale of Three Villages in Rural China,” Paper presentation at Agricultural & Applied Economics Association (AAEA) 2009 Annual Meeting, Milwaukee.
Chen, Y., 2005. “The impact of Agricultural and Industrial Development on Income inequality in Rural China,” Doctoral Dissertation, Chapter 3. Boston College.
Chen, F., 2005. “Residential Patterns of Parents and Their Married Children in Contemporary China: A life Course Approach,” Population Research and Policy Review 24: 125–148.
Deaton, A., 2001. “Relative Deprivation, Inequality, and Mortality,” NBER Working Paper #8099, Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economics Research.
De Brauw, A. and J. Giles, 2008. "Migrant Labor Markets and the Welfare of Rural Households in the Developing World: Evidence from China," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4585, the World Bank.
De Brauw, A., J. Huang, S. Rozelle, L. Zhang, and Y. Zhang, 2002. “The Evolution of China’s Rural Labor Markets during the Reforms,” Journal of Comparative Economics 30: 329-353.
De Brauw, A. and S. Rozelle, 2008. "Migration and household investment in rural China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), 320-335.
Dekker, M. and H. Hoogeveen, 2002. “Bridewealth and Household Security in Rural Zimbabwe,” Journal of African Economies 11(1): 114-145.
Duesenberry, J., 1949. Income, Saving, and the Theory of Consumer Behavior, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Duncan, R. and X. Tian, 1999. “China’s inter-provincial disparities: an explanation,” Communist and Post-Communist Studies 32, 211 – 224.
Easterlin, R., 1974. “Does Economic Growth Improve the Human Lot? Some Empirical Evidence,” in Nations and Households in Economic Growth, ed. by David, P. and Reder, M., pp. 89-126. Academic Press, New York.
Easterlin, R., 1995. “Will Raising the Incomes of All Increase the Happiness of All?” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 27: 35-48.
Fafchamps, M. and F. Shilpi, 2008. "Subjective welfare, isolation, and relative consumption," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(1), pages 43-60, April.
Fields, G., 2007. “Income Mobility,” ILR Working Paper, Cornell University.
Fields, G. and S. Zhang, 2007. “Income Mobility in China: Main Questions, Existing Evidence, and Proposed Studies,” ILR Working Paper, Cornell University.
Frank, R., 1985. Choosing the Right Pond, New York: Oxford University Press.
Frank, R. and A. Levine, 2008. “Expenditure Cascades,” working paper, Cornell University.
Friedman, M., 1962. Capitalism and Freedom, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Fujita, M. and D. Hu, 2001. “Regional disparity in China 1985– 1994: the effect of globalization and economic liberalization,” Annals of Regional Science 35, 3– 37.
Guo, J., 2007. “Changing Income Inequality: Evidence from Rural China,” Working Paper, Department of Economics, University of Warwick.
Gustafsson, B. and S. Li, 1998. “Inequality in China at the end of the 1980s: Locational Aspects and Household Characteristics,” Asian Economic Journal, 35-63.
Gustafsson, B. and S. Li, 2002. “Income inequality within and across counties in rural China 1988 and 1995,” Journal of Development Economics 69, 179–204.
Gustafsson, B., S. Li., and T. Sicualar, 2007. Inequality and Public Policy in China, New York: Cambridge University Press.
Heffetz, O., 2007. “Conspicuous Consumption and. the Visibility of Consumption Expenditures,” Mimeo, Cornell University.
Hoken, H., T. Senda, Y. Matsuda, H. Tsujii, and L. Cao, 2006. “Statistical Matching for Longitudinal Data of Rural Households in China: Construction of MHTS Panel Data Set and Estimation of Attrition Bias,” NO. E2006013, CCER Working Paper, Peking University, China.
Holz, C. and L. Brandt, 2004. "Spatial Price Differences in China: Estimates and Implications," Manuscript, University of Toronto.
Howes, S. and A. Hussain, 1994. “Regional Growth and Inequality in Rural China,” Working paper, London School of Economics.
Huang, J., Q. Zhang, and S. Rozelle, 2008. “Economic growth, the nature of growth and poverty reduction in rural China,” China Economic Journal, 1:1, 107 – 122. Jalan, J. and M. Ravallion, 1998. “Transient poverty in postreform rural china,” Journal of Comparative Economics, 26(2), 338-57.
Jian, T., J. Sachs, and A. Warder, 1996. “Trends in regional inequality in China,” China Economic Review 7 (1), 1–21.
Ravallion, M. and J. Jalan, 2001. “Household Income Dynamics in Rural China,” Policy Research Working Paper Series 2706, the World Bank.
Kanbur, R. and X. Zhang, 1999. “Which regional inequality? The evolution of rural– urban and inland – coastal inequality in China from 1983 to 1995,” Journal of Comparative Economics 27, 686–701.
Kanbur, R., 2000. “Income Distribution and Development,” In: A.B. Atkinson and F. Bourguignon (eds.) Handbook of Income Distribution, Vol 1, North Holland.
Kempen L., 2003. “Status consumption and ethnicity in Bolivia: Evidence from Durables Ownership,” International Journal of Consumer Studies, Vol. 31, Issue 1, pp. 76-89.
Khan, A., K. Griffin, C. Riskin, and R. Zhao, 1993. “Sources of Income Inequality in Post-Reform China,’ China Economic Review, Vol. 4, pp. 19-35.
Khan, A., K. Griffin, and C. Riskin, 1999. “Income Distribution in Urban China during the Period of Economic Reform and Globalization,” American Economic Review v89, n2: 296-300.
Khan, A. and C. Riskin, 1998. “Income and Inequality in China: Composition, Distribution and Growth of Household Income 1988 to 1995,” China Quarterly v0, n154: 221-53.
Khor, N. and J. Pencavel, 2005. “Income Disparities and Income Mobility in China,” paper delivered at the Conference on China’s Policy Reforms: Progress and Challenges, Stanford University Center for International Development, 1 October.
Khor, N. and J. Pencavel, 2006: ‘Income Mobility of Individuals in China and the United States’. IZA research paper, No. 2003.
Li, H. and Y. Zhu, 2006. “Income, Income Inequality, and Health: Evidence from China,” Journal of Comparative Economics, vol. 34, issue 4, 668-693.
Li, S., P. Wang, and X. Yue, 2005. “The Causes of Chronic and Transient Poverty and Their Implication to Poverty Reduction Policy in Rural China,” Final Report to Poverty and Economic Poverty (PEP) network, http://www.pep-net.org/.
Liang, Z., 2006. “Financial Development and Income Inequality in Rural China 1991-2000,” WIDER Research Paper, 2006/96.
Ling, D., 2008. “Do the Chinese ‘Keep Up with the Joneses’? Implications of Growing Economic Disparities and Relative Deprivation on Health Outcomes among Older Adults in China,” working paper, California State University, Fullerton.
Ling, D., 2007. “Relative Deprivation and Children’s Health in China,” working paper, California State University, Fullerton.
Liu, X., 2000. In One’s Own Shadow: An Ethnographic Account of the Condition of Post-Reform China, Berkeley: University of California Press.
Lokshin, M. and M. Ravallion, 2001. “Nonlinear Household Income Dynamics in Transition Economies,” mimeo, Development Research Group, World Bank.
Lyons, T., 1991. “Interprovincial disparities in China: output and consumption, 1952– 1987,” Economic Development and Cultural Change 39, 471–506.
McCulloch, N. and M. Calandrino, 2003. “Vulnerability and Chronic Poverty in Rural Sichuan,” World Development, Volume 31, Issue 3, 611-628.
Morduch, J. and T. Sicular, 2002. “Rethinking Inequality Decomposition, with Evidence from Rural China,” Economic Journal (112): 93–106.
Nee, V., 1994. “The Emergence of a Market Society: Changing Mechanisms of Stratification in China,” American Journal of Sociology, Vol 101, No.4: 908-949.
Peng, Y., 1999. “Agricultural and nonagricultural growth and intercounty inequality in China 1985 – 1991,” Modern China 25 (3), 235– 263.
Rao, V., 1993. “The Rising Price of Husbands: a Hedonic Analysis of Dowry Increases in Rural India,” Journal of Political Economy, 101: 666-677.
Ravallion, M., 1998. “Does aggregation hide the harmful effects of inequality on growth?” Economics Letters 61, 73–77.
Ravallion, M. and S. Chen, 1999. “When Economic Reform Is Faster Than Statistical Reform: Measuring and Explaining Income Inequality in Rural China,” Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics v61, n1: 33-56.
Ravallion, M. and S. Chen, 2007. "China's (Uneven) Progress Against Poverty," Journal of Development Economics, 82(1): 1-42.
Rozelle, S., 1994. “Rural Industrialization and Increasing Inequality: Emerging Patterns in China’s Reforming Economy,” Journal of Comparative Economics 19, 362– 391. Runciman, W.G., 1966. Relative Deprivation and Social Justice, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Sen, A., 1983. Poor, Relatively Speaking, Oxford Economic Papers. New Series, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 153-169. Shen, Y and Y. Yao, 2008. “Does Grassroots Democracy Reduce Income Inequality in China?” Journal of Public Economics Vol. 92, Issues 10-11, 2182-98.
SSB (various years). China Statistical Yearbook. Beijing: China Statistical Publishing House.
Stark, O. and J.E. Taylor, 1991. “Migration Incentives, Migration Types: The Role of Relative Deprivation,” Economic Journal 101: 1163-11178.
The Economist, 2007. “Can Ghanaians afford such splendid funerals?” May 24.
Tsui, K.-Y., 1993. “Decomposition of China’s Regional Inequality,” Journal of Comparative Economics 17, 600– 627.
Tsui, K.-Y., 1998a. “Factor Decomposition of Chinese Rural Income Inequality: New Methodology, Empirical Findings, and Policy Implications,” Journal of Comparative Economics 26(3): 502-528.
Tsui, K.-Y., 1998b. “Trends and Inequality of Rural Welfare in China: Evidence from Rural Households in Guangdong and Sichuan,” Journal of Comparative Economics 26, 783–804.
Van de Stadt, H., A. Kapteyn, and S. Van de Geer, 1985. “The Relativity of Utility: Evidence from Panel Data,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 67(2), pp. 179-187. Veblen, T., 1899. The Theory of the Leisure Class, MacMillan, New York.
Wan, G., 2005. “Convergence in Food Consumption in Rural China: Evidence from Household Survey Data,” China Economic Review, Vol. 16, No. 1, 90-102.
Wan, G., 2007. “Regional Income Inequality in Rural China, 1985-2002: Trends, Causes and Policy Implications,” WIDER Research Paper, 2007/05.
Wan, G. and Z. Zhou, 2005. “Income Inequality in Rural China: Regression-based Decomposition Using Household Data,” Review of Development Economics, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 107-120.
Wang, H., 2005. "The Household Income Mobility and its Equalizing Longterm Income in China," Economic Research Journal (in Chinese), No. 1: 56-66.
Whalley, J. and X. Yue, 2006. “Rural Income Volatility and Inequality in China,” NBER Working Paper No. W12779. World Bank, 1992. “China: Statistical System in Transition,” the World Bank, Washington DC.
Yan, Y., 1996. The Flow of Gifts: Reciprocity and Social Networks in a Chinese Village, Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Yao, S., 1997. “Industrialization and spatial income inequality in rural China 1986– 92,” Economics of Transition 5(1), 97– 112.
Yao, S., Z. Zhang, and L. Hanmer, 2004. “Growing inequality and poverty in China,” China Economic Review, vol. 15, issue 2, pages 145-163.
Ying, H., S. Li, and Q. Deng, 2006. "Income Mobility in Urban China," Economic Research Journal (in Chinese), 10: 30-43.
Zhang, Q., J. Huang and J. Mi, 2006. "Income Inequality and Economic Mobility in Rural China: Who Can Move Up the Ladder of Success?" Working Paper, Northwestern University.
Zhang, X. and R. Kanbur, 2001. “What Difference Do Polarisation Measures Make? An Application to China,” Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 37, No. 3, 85-98.
Zhang, X. and K. Y. Tan, 2007. “Incremental Reform and Distortions in China's Product and Factor Markets,” The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 21, No. 2, 279-299.
Zhang, X., 2009. “Fiscal Decentralization and Political Centralization in China: Implications for Growth and Inequality,” In: S. Fan, R. Kanbur and X. Zhang (eds.). Regional Inequality in China: Trends, Explanations and Policy Responses. London and New York: the Routledge.
Zhang, X. and K. Zhang, 2009. “How does Globalization Affect Regional Inequality within a Developing Country? Evidence from China” In: S. Fan, R. Kanbur and X. Zhang (eds.). Regional Inequality in China: Trends, Explanations and Policy Responses. London and New York: the Routledge.