Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Performance of Primary Cooperatives in India: An Empirical Analysis

Misra, Biswa Swarup (2006): Performance of Primary Cooperatives in India: An Empirical Analysis. Published in: Indian Economic Journal , Vol. 53, No. 4 (January 2006): pp. 95-113.

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Cooperatives as an institution in India are more than a century old. With more than a lakh grass root level cooperatives, their presence is formidable. Notwithstanding, impressive gains made by cooperatives in terms of their rural outreach and coverage of small and marginal farmers, their financial health has been a matter of concern. The study is an attempt to enquire into the factors which impact financial health of cooperatives reflected through their recovery performance. The empirical findings suggest that government should allow the cooperatives to evolve in a natural manner rather than through initial official encouragement and subsequent intervention. Government’s contribution to share capital of cooperatives should be stopped. There is also a need to revisit the issue of appropriate member size for a base level cooperative so that cooperative principles are internalized amongst members. Very large cooperatives should be avoided both in principle and practice.

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