Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Eco-development and Tribal Empowerment

Pillai, Rajasekharan (2010): Eco-development and Tribal Empowerment.


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The fruits of economic development have not been percolated down to the tribes and marginalized communities. In the Indian experience, neither more than half a century’s economic planning nor official communal reservation mandates helped to better their lot. Myriads of schemes are being announced and launched to address the social and economic well-being of the tribe communities in the national and regional levels. In this backdrop, a case study was done based on the experience of a participatory bio-diversity conservation programme initiated in a well-known Protected Area in India. The study discloses that how marginalized indigenous communities, through decentralized decision making, developed equations for symbiotic livelihood security and biodiversity conservation.

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