Evenhouse, Eirik and Reilly, Siobhan (2010): Multiple-Father Fertility and Arrest Rates.
Download (197kB) | Preview
Across the United States, two phenomena have emerged: high rates of multi-partnered fertility (having children by more than one partner) and high rates of male involvement with the criminal justice system. This paper is a first step in an exploration of the possible connection between these two phenomena. The first part of the paper provides nationally representative estimates of the prevalence of multi-partnered fertility among mothers during the 1985-1996 period, for the overall population and for select subgroups. These estimates, based on the SIPP surveys, constitute a useful addition to the literature, which contains very few estimates of women's multi-partnered fertility or its evolution over time. In the second part of the paper, we combine MSA-level data on arrest rates (constructed from the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports) with SIPP’s family structure data, in order to explore the association between the rate of multiple-father fertility and local arrest rates. Over time and across MSAs, we observe a positive correlation between the probability that a mother has had children by more than one man and the lagged arrest rate in her MSA. The correlation is stronger among racial and educational subgroups that experience higher rates of multiple-father fertility.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Multiple-Father Fertility and Arrest Rates|
|English Title:||Multiple-Father Fertility and Arrest Rates|
|Keywords:||multipartnered fertility; family structure; arrest rates; Uniform Crime Reports;|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J12 - Marriage ; Marital Dissolution ; Family Structure ; Domestic Abuse|
|Depositing User:||Eirik Evenhouse|
|Date Deposited:||21. May 2010 01:49|
|Last Modified:||17. Feb 2013 09:47|
Bitler, Marianne. 2001. The effects of child support enforcement on non-custodial parents’ labor supply. Unpublished .
Carlson, Marcia J., and Frank F. Furstenberg. 2006. The prevalence and correlates of multipartnered fertility among urban U.S. parents. Journal of Marriage and Family 68(3) (August): 718-732.
Center for Economic and Policy Research. 2009. SIPP Talking Points. Document last accessed at http://www.ceprdata.org/savesipp/talkingpoints.pdf on December 26, 2009.
Cooksey, Elizabeth C., and Patricia H. Craig. 1998. Parenting from a distance: The effects of paternal characteristics on contact between nonresidential fathers and their children. Demography 35(2):187-200.
Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement. 2006. Incarceration, Reentry and Child Support Issues: National and State Research Overview (March).
Evenhouse, Eirik and Siobhan Reilly. 2008. Multiple-father fertility and welfare. Manuscript.
Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Department of Justice. Age-Specific Arrest Rates and Race-Specific Arrest Rates for Selected Offenses, 1993-2001 (at http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/ adducr/age_race_specific.pdf, last accessed April 4, 2010)
Nicholas Freudenberg. 2001. Jails, prisons, and the health of urban populations: A review of the impact of the correctional system on community health. Journal of Urban Health 78(2) (June): 214-235
Geller, Amanda, Irwin Garfinkel, Carey Cooper, and Ronald Mincy. 2008. Parental incarceration and child wellbeing: Implications for urban families. Commissioned by the Annie E. Casey Foundation (at http://www.f2f.ca.gov/Children.htm, last accessed April 2, 2009)
Guzzo, Karen Benjamin, and Frank F. Furstenberg. 2007a. Multipartnered fertility among American men. Demography 44(3) (August): 583-601.
Guzzo, Karen Benjamin, and Frank F. Furstenberg. 2007b. Multipartnered fertility among young women with a nonmarital first birth: Prevalence and risk factors. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 39(1):29-38.
Hagan, John and Ronit Dinovitzer. 1999. Collateral consequences of imprisonment for children, communities, and prisoners. Crime and Justice 26: 121-162.
Huang, Chien-Chung, Ronald B. Mincy, and Irwin Garfinkel. 2005. Child support obligations and low-income fathers. Journal of Marriage and Family 67(5):1213-1225.
Institute for Women’s Policy Research. Status of women in the states: State-by-state rankings on the composite indices and their components by year: Reproductive rights. Excel data file rep_rts.xls last accessed at http://www.iwpr.org/femstats/index.htm on October 30, 2009.
Klerman, Lorraine V. 2007. Multipartnered fertility: Can it be reduced? Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 39(1): 56–59
Logan, Cassandra, Jennifer Manlove, Erum Ikramullah, and Sarah Cottingham. 2006. Men who father children with more than one woman: A contemporary portrait of multiple-partner fertility. Child Trends Research Brief 2006-10. Washington, DC: Child Trends.
London, Rebecca A. 1998. Trends in single mothers’ living arrangements from 1970 to 1995: Correcting the Current Population Survey. Demography 35(1) (February).
Manning, Wendy, and Pamela Smock. 1999. New families and nonresident father-child visitation. Social Forces 78(1):87-116.
Manning, Wendy, Susan D. Stewart, and Pamela Smock. 2003. The complexity of fathers' parenting responsibilities and involvement with nonresident children. Journal of Family Issues 24(5):645-667.
Margolis, Rachel and Laryssa Mykyta. 2008. Multipartnered fertility and relationship stability. Unpublished research.
Meyer, Daniel R., Maria Cancian, and Steven T. Cook. 2005. Multiple-partner fertility: Incidence and implications for child support policy. Social Service Review 79:577-601.
Mincy, Ronald and Chien-Chung Huang. 2001. ‘Just get me to the church’: Assessing policies to promote marriage among fragile families.” Working Paper 02-02-FF. Center for Research on Child Wellbeing, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ.
Moffitt, Robert A. 2003. The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program. In Moffitt, ed., Means-tested transfer programs in the U.S. University of Chicago Press/National Bureau of Economic Research.
Moffitt, Robert A., Robert T. Reville, and Anne E. Winkler. 1994. State AFDC rules regarding the treatment of cohabitors. Social Security Bulletin 57:4 (Winter): 26-33.
Moffitt, Robert A., Robert T. Reville, and Anne E. Winkler. 1998. Beyond single mothers: Cohabitation, marriage, and the U.S. welfare system. Demography (August).
Nixon, Lucia. 1997. The effect of child support enforcement on marital dissolution. Journal of Human Resources 32:1 (Winter): 159-181.
Plotnick, Robert D., Inhoe Ku, Irwin Garfinkel, and Sara S. McLanahan. 2004. Better child support enforcement: Can it reduce teenage nonmarital childbearing? Journal of Family Issues 25(5) (July):634-657.
Rendall, Michael S., Lynda Clarke, H. Elizabeth Peters, Nalini Ranjit, and Georgia Verropoulou. 1999. Incomplete reporting of men’s fertility in the United States and Britain: A research note. Demography 36(1): (February): 135-144.
Roberts, Paula. 2008. The implications of multiple-partner fertility for efforts to promote marriage in programs serving low-income mothers and fathers. Brief No. 11 (March) in Couples and Marriage Series, Center for Law and Social Policy, Washington, DC.
Rolston, Howard, of the Office of the U.S. Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. Telephone conversation with Eirik Evenhouse. February 2000.
Rushefsky, Mark E. 2002. Public Policy in the United States: At the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century, 3rd edition. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
Sabol, Dr. William J., et al. 2008. Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2006. U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. June 2007. (Revised March 2008)
Thomas, James C. and Lynne A. Sampson. 2005. High rates of incarceration as a social force associated with community rates of sexually transmitted infection. Journal of Infections Diseases 191: S55-S60.
Waller, Maureen and Raymond Swisher. 2006. Father’s risk factors in fragile families: Implications for “healthy” relationships and father involvement. Social Problems 53(2) (August): 392-420
Western, Bruce and Sara McLanahan. 2000. Fathers behind bars: The impact of incarceration on family formation. In Greer Litton Fox and Michael L. Benson, eds., Families, Crime, and Criminal Justice: Charting the Linkages. Emerald Group Publishing.
Western, Bruce, Leonard Lopoo, and Sara McLanahan. 2004. Incarceration and the bonds among parents in fragile families. In Mary Patillo, David Weiman, and Bruce Western, eds., The impact of incarceration on families and communities. Russell Sage Foundation.
Willis, Robert J. 1999. A Theory of Out-of-Wedlock Childbearing. Journal of Political Economy 107:6 (Part 2, December): S33-64