Ahmad Bello, Dogarawa (2009): Poverty Alleviation through Zakah and Waqf Institutions: A Case for the Muslim Ummah in Ghana.
Download (216kB) | Preview
The institutions of Zakah and Waqf are among several instruments instituted by Islam to combat poverty and enhance welfare in the society. While Zakah helps generate a flow of funds and recruit the necessary manpower, Waqf provides the material infrastructure and creates a source of revenue for use in, among others, social welfare enhancing activities both at family, community and state levels. This paper discusses the role of Zakah and Waqf institutions in poverty alleviation. The paper is analytical with presentation based on survey of relevant literature with a view to adding to existing literature and synthesizing opposing views on the socio-economic role of Zakah and Waqf and the process of their revitalisation in the modern time. The paper posits that Zakah serves as a unique mechanism of compulsory transfers of income and wealth from the haves to the have-nots in the community. Through Zakah, every individual in the society is assured of minimum means of livelihood, which provides social security system in an Islamic society. Waqf on the other hand, has been used to provide the material infrastructure and create a source of revenue for use in, among others, social welfare enhancing activities both at family, community and state levels. The paper concludes that to activate and revitalise the Zakah and Awqaf systems in Muslim societies and communities, there is dire need for reform in their management formulars and to address the unsettled issues inherent in the institutions.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Poverty Alleviation through Zakah and Waqf Institutions: A Case for the Muslim Ummah in Ghana|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I39 - Other
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I31 - General Welfare, Well-Being
|Depositing User:||Ahmad Bello Dogarawa|
|Date Deposited:||10. Jun 2010 13:38|
|Last Modified:||30. Dec 2015 08:45|
Ahmed, H. (2004): Role of Zakah and Awqaf in Poverty Alleviation, Islamic Research and Training Institute, Islamic Development Bank, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Alhabshi, S.O. (1996): “Solving Absolute Poverty Using Answers Found in Religion”, available at http://vlib.unitarklj1.edu.my/staff-publications/datuk/Nst5mac.pdf
Ali, I. B. (2009): “WAQF: A Sustainable Development Institution for Muslim Communities”, Takaaful T&T Friendly Society, Trinidad and Tobago, available at www.takaafultt.org
Baskan, B. (2002): “Waqf System as a Redistribution Mechanism in Ottoman Empire”, www.awqafsa.org.za
Dogarawa, A. B. (2006), “Combating Poverty through Self-Reliance: The Islamic Approach”, Journal of Business Administration, Vol. I, No. 1, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
Dogarawa, A. B. (2007): “Islamic Brotherhood and Economic, Political and Social Development of the Muslim Ummah”, Paper presented at the 5th Annual Seminar organised by the Centre for Islamic Thought, Yola, Adamawa.
Dogarawa, A. B. (2008): “Islamic Social Welfare and the Role of Zakah in the Family System: A Case for Muslim Minorities in Ghana, International Conference Paper, Al-Furqan Foundation, Tamale, Ghana
Dogarawa, A. B. (2008): “The Institution of Zakah and its Impact on Poverty Eradication in Nigeria”, Keynote Address Presented at the 6th Annual Seminar organised by the Centre for Islamic Thought, Yola, Adamawa.
Haq, I. U. (1996): Economic Doctrines of Islam: A Study in the Doctrines and their Implications for Poverty, Employment and Economic Growth, The International Institute of Islamic Thought, Herndon, U.S.A.
Kahf, M. (1989): “Zakah: Unresolved Issues in the Contemporary Fiqh”, Journal of Islamic Economics, International Islamic University of Malaysia, Kuala Lampur, Malaysia.
Kahf, M. (1998): “Financing the Development of Awqaf Property”, Paper presented at the Seminar on Development of Awqaf organized by Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI), Kuala Lumpur.
Kahf, M. (1999): “The Performance of the Institution of Zakah in Theory and Practice”, Paper Presented at the International Conference on Islamic Economics towards the 21st Century, Kuala Lumpur
Kahf, M. (2003): “The Role of Waqf in Improving the Ummah Welfare”, Paper presented to the International Seminar on ‘Waqf as a Private Legal Body’ organized by the Islamic University of North Sumatra, Medan, Indonesia.
Khan, M. F. (2007): “Integrating Faith-based Institutions (Zakah and Awqaf) in Poverty Reductions Strategies (PRS)”, available at http://ctool.gdnet.org/conf_docs/Khan_paper_BRP_wk.doc.
Mathews, R. and Tlemsani, I. (2003): “Zakat and Social Capital: Parallels between Islam and the West” (draft), Centre for International Business Policy, Surrey.
Qaradawi, Y. (1997): “Zakah Role in curing Social and Economic Malaise (Arabic)”, Economics of Zakah: Book of Reading, Eds. Monzer Kahf, Islamic Research and Training Institute, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Qaradawi, Y. (1999): Fiqh az-Zakah (Arabic), Dar al-Taqwa LTD, London.
Shehata, S. I. (1989): “Limitations on the use of Zakah Funds in Financing the Socio-Economic Infrastructure of Society”, Imtiazi et al (eds) Management of Zakah in Modern Muslim Society, Islamic Institute of Research and Training, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Siddiqi, M. N. (1996): Role of the State in the Economy - An Islamic Perspective, The Islamic Foundation, UK.