Garcia, Pablo M and Rodriguez-Montemayor, Eduardo (2010): A primer of international migration: The Latin American experience and a proposal for a research agenda.
Download (610kB) | Preview
Although the phenomenon of international migration has been around for a while, in the last decades there has been a world-wide resurgence of it, which is larger in scale, wider is scope and is frequently accompanied by large flows of monetary remittances. These tendencies have revived the debate in the academic and policy spheres over their potential social and economic consequences. In this paper we develop a ‘Primer’ that presents the ‘state of the art’ in the study of international migration and make special emphasis on how the Latin American experience fits in it. We first present an overview of migration patterns in the region and highlight the importance of the United States as the prime destination for Latin American migrants. We then develop the core of the paper which reviews the different theories that have been proposed in the academic literature for explaining both the determinants of migration and its potential impacts, particularly from the perspective of the source country. In the process, we accentuate the central role played by international remittances. Finally, based on the current knowledge frontier in the subject, we propose a research agenda in order to fill some of the current shortages in the analysis of migration in the region.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||A primer of international migration: The Latin American experience and a proposal for a research agenda|
|Keywords:||Migration; Remittances; Latin America|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration
F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F24 - Remittances
|Depositing User:||Pablo M Garcia|
|Date Deposited:||19. Oct 2010 08:04|
|Last Modified:||27. Apr 2015 17:09|
Acosta et al, Remittances and Development in Latin America, The World Economy, 29, 7, 957-987, 2006.
Acosta P., C. Calderon, P. Fajnzylber, and Humberto Lopez. What is the impact of international remittances on poverty and inequality in latin america? World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, (4249), 2007.
Adams R. H. Remittances and Poverty in Guatemala. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, (3418), 2004.
Amuedo Dorantes C. and S. Pozo. Migration, Remittances, and Male and Female Employment Patterns. American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 96(2):222–226, 2006.
Amuedo Dorantes C. and S. Pozo. Remittance receipt and business ownership in the Dominican Republic. The World Economy, 29(7):939–956, 2006.
Amuedo Dorantes C. and S. Pozo. Remittances as insurance: evidence from Mexican immigrants. Journal of Population Economics, 19:227–254, 2006.
Amuedo Dorantes C., C. Bansak, and S. Pozo. On the remitting patterns of immigrants: Evidence from mexican survey data. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Economic Review, First Quarter 2005:37–58, 2005.
Barham B. and S. Boucher. Migration, remittances, and inequality: estimating the net effects of migration on income distribution. Journal of Development Economics, 55:307–331, 1998.
Borjas G.J. Self-selection and the earnings of immigrants. American Economic Review, 77(4):531–53, 1987.
Borjas G.J. Economic theory and international migration. International Migration Review, 23(3):457–485, 1989. Borjas G.J. The economics of immigration. Journal of Economic Literature, 32:1667–1717, 1994.
Borjas G.J. Immigration and welfare magnets. Journal of Labor Economics, 17(4):607–637, 1999.
Borjas G.J. Welfare reform and immigrant participation in welfare programs. International Migration Review, 36(4):1093–1123, 2002.
Borjas G.J. Welfare reform, labor supply, and health insurance in the immigrant population. Journal of Health Economics, 22:933–958, 2003.
Borjas G.J. and B. Bratsberg. Who leaves? the out-migration of the foreign-born. Review of Economics and Statistics, 78(1):165–176, 1996.
Borjas G.J. and L. Hilton. Immigration and the welfare state: Immigrants participation in means-tested entitlement programs. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 111(2):575–604, 1996.
Bovbjerg, Proposed Totalization Agreement with Mexico Presents Unique Challenges, United States General Accounting Office, 2004.
Carrington W.J., E. Detragiache, and T. Vishwanath. Migration with endogenous moving costs. American Economic Review, 86(4):909–930, 1996.
Chami R., C. Fullenkamp, and S. Jahjah. Are immigrant remittance flows a source of capital for development? IMF Staff Papers, 5(1):55–81, 2005.
Chiquiar D. and G.H. Hanson. International migration, self-selection, and the distribution of wages: Evidence from México and the United States. Journal of Political Economy, 113(2):239–281, 2005.
CIPE. “Foreign Direct Investment”. Economic Reform Issue Paper, CIPE, August 2004
Clark X., T. J. Hatton, and J. G. Williamson. What explains cross-border migration in latin america? mimeo, 2003.
Cox D., Z. Eser, and E. Jimenez. Motives of private transfers over the life-cycle: An analytical framework and evidence from Peru. Journal of Development Economics, 55:57–80, 1998.
Cox Edwards A. and M. Ureta. International migration, remittances, and schooling: evidence from el salvador. Journal of Development Economics, 72:429–461, 2003.
De Soto, Hernando. “The Hidden Architecture of Capitalism”. Institute of Liberty and Democracy. 2001. (available at www.ild.org.pe/eng/articles_en1.htm.)
De Soto, Hernando. The Mystery of Capital: Why Capitalism Triumphs in the West and Fails Everywhere Else” Basic Books. 2003
Deaton A. and C. Paxon. Intertemporal choice and inequality. Journal of Political Economy, 102(3):437–467, 1994.
Djajic S. and R. Milbourne. A general equilibrium model of guest-work migration. Journal of International Economics, 25:335–351, 1988.
Docquier F. and H. Rapoport. Remittances and inequality: a dynamic migration model. Stanford University Center for Research on Economic Development and Policy Reform, Working Paper, (167), 2003.
Docquier F., O. Faye, and P. Pestieau. Is migration a good substitute for education subsidies? Journal of Development Economics, 86:263–276, 2008.
Durand J., W. Kandel, E. Parrado, D.S. Massey. International Migration and Development in Mexican Communities. Demography, 33, 2, 249-264
Dustmann C. Return migration, uncertainty and precautionary savings. Journal of Development Economics, 52:295–316, 1997.
Dustmann C. Return migration, wage differentials, and the optimal migration duration. European Economic Review, 47:353–369, 2003.
Dustmann C. and O. Kirchkamp. The optimal migration duration and activity choice after re-migration. Journal of Development Economics, 67:351–372, 2002.
Dustmann C., T. Hatton, and I. Preston. The labour market effects of immigration. Economic Journal, 115:297–299, 2005.
Ethier W.J. Illegal immigration. American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 76(2):258–262, 1986.
Fajnzylber P. and H. Lopez. Remittances and Development: lessons from latin america. The World Bank, 2008*
Freund C. and N. Spatafora. Remittances, transaction costs, and informality. Journal of Development Economics, 86:356–366, 2008.
Funkhouser E. Remittances from international migration: A comparison of el Salvador and nicaragua. Review of Economics and Statistics, 77(1):137–146, 1995.
Galor O. and O. Stark. Migrants’ savings, the probability of return migration and migrants’ performance. International Economic Review, 31(2):463–467, 1990.
Garcia, Pablo M. Remittances in Central America: A missing business opportunity? . Inter-American Development Bank. 2009. Mimeo
Glover S. et al. Migration and economic and social analysis. RDS Occasional Paper, 67, The Research, Development and Statistics Directorate, UK Home Office, 2001.
Gonzalez-Konig G. and Q. Wodon. Remittances and inequality. Mimeo, 2005.
Grigorian D. A. and T. A. Melkonyan. Microeconomic implications of remittances in an overlapping generations model with altruism and self-interest. IMF Working Paper, (08/19), 2008.
Haan A. de. Livelihoods and poverty: the role of migration. Journal of Development Studies, 36(2):1–47, 1999.
Hanson G. H. Emigration, labor supply, and earnings in mexico. University of California San Diego. Mimeo, 2005.
Hanson G. H. Emigration, remittances, and labor force participation in mexico. University of California San Diego. Mimeo, 2005.
Harris J. R. and M. P. Todaro. Migration, unemployment and development: A two-sector analysis. American Economic Review, 60(1):126–142, 1970.
Hill J. K. Immigrant decisions concerning duration of stay and migratory frequency. Journal of Development Economics, 25:221–234, 1987.
Holzmann R., J. Koettl, and T. Chernetsky. Portability regimes of pension and health care benefits for international migrants: an analysis of issues and good practices. Policy Analysis and Research Programme of the Global Commission on International Migration, 2005.
Ilahi N. and S. Jafarey. Guestworker migration, remittances and the extended family: evidence from pakistan. Journal of Development Economics, 58:485–512, 1999.
Ilahi N. Return migration and occupational change. Review of Development Economics, 3(2):170–186, 1999.
Inter - American Development Bank (IDB). The IDB Business Climate Initiative: Annual Report”. Inter-American Development Bank. May 2005.
Karemera D., V. Iwuagwu Oguledo, and B. Davis. A gravity model analysis of international migration to north america. Applied Economics, 32:1745–1755, 2000.
Koettl J. The relative merits of skilled and unskilled migration, temporary and permanent labor migration, and portability of social security benefits. World Bank Social Protection Discussion Paper, (0614), 2006.
Lindstrom D. P. Economic opportunity in México and return migration from the united states. Demography, 33(3):357–374, 1996.
Lopez-Cordoba, E. and Olmedo, A. International Migration, Remittances and Development: An Overview. en Integration and Trade Journal No 27. July-Dec 2007.
Lucas R. E. and O. Stark. Motives to remit: Evidence from Botswana. Journal of Political Economy, 93(5):901–918, 1985.
Lueth E. and M. Ruiz-Arranz. A gravity model of workers remittances. IMFWorking Paper, (06/290), 2006.
Mandelman F. S. and A. Zlate. Immigration and the macroeconomy. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Working Paper Series, (2008-25), 2008.
Martinez-Pizarro J. and M. Villa. International migration in Latin America and the Caribbean: a summary view of trends and patterns. United Nations Population Division, Expert Group Meeting on International Migration and Development, 2005.
Massey D. S. and K. E. Espinoza. What’s driving mexico-u.s. migration? a theoretical, empirical, and policy analysis. American Journal of Sociology, 102(4):939–999, 1997.
Massey D. S. Patterns and processes of international migration in the 21st century. University of Pennsylvania. Mimeo, 2003.
Mayda A. M. International migration: A panel data analysis of economic and noneconomic determinants. IZA Discussion Paper Series, (1590), 2005.
Mayda A. M. International migration: A panel data analysis of the determinants of bilateral flows. Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration Discussion Paper Series, (07/07), 2007.
Mayr K. and G. Peri. Return migration as channel of brain gain. Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration Discussion Paper, (04/08), 2008.
McKenzie D. and H. Rapoport. Network effects and the dynamics of migration and inequality: Theory and evidence from México. Journal of Development Economics, 84:1–24, 2007.
McKenzie D., J. Gibson, and S. Stillman. How important is selection? Experimental vs. non-experimental measures of the income gains from migration. IZA Discussion Paper Series, (2087), 2006.
Mendola M. Migration and technological change in rural households: Complements or substitutes? Journal of Development Economics, 85:150–175, 2008.
Mesnard A. Temporary migration and capital market imperfections. Oxford Economic Papers, 56:242–262, 2004.
Mishra P. Emigration and wages in source countries: Evidence from México. Journal of Development Economics, 82:180–199, 2007.
Multilateral Investment Fund. “Movilización de Remesas a Través de Entidades Microfinancieras” [Mobilization of Remittances through Microfinance Institutions]. MIF Technical Cooperation. Inter-American Development Bank. 2006.
Munshi K. Networs in the modern economy: Mexican migrants in the US labor market. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(2):549–599, 2003.
OECD. International migration outlook. OECD Annual Report 2006 Edition, 2006.
OECD. Trends in international migration. OECD Annual Report 2002 Edition, 2002.
Okonkwo U. Remittances and savings from international migration: Theory and evidence using a matched sample. Journal of Development Economics, 83:446–465, 2007.
Orozco, M. and B. L. Lowell. Transnational Engagement, Remittances and their Relationship to Development in Latin America and the Caribbean,” Institute for the Study of International Migration, Washington: Georgetown University, 2005*
Orozco, M. International flows of remittances: cost competition and financial access in Latin America and the Caribbean. Report prepared for the Inter-American Development Bank, 2006.
Orrenius P. M. and M. Zavodny. Self-selection among undocumented immigrants from mexico. Journal of Development Economics, 78:215–240, 2005.
Osili, U. O. Remittances and savings from international migration: Theory and evidence using a matched sample . Journal of Development Economics 83 (2007) 446–465, 2007.
Pew Hispanic Center-Multilateral Development Fund. “Receptores de Remesas en Centroamérica- Encuestas Nacionales de la Región Centroamericana”. Guatemala City. September 2003.
Rapoport H. and F. Docquier. The economics of migrants remittances. IZA Discussion Paper Series, (1531), 2005.
Razin A. and E. Sadka. Migration and pension with international capital mobility. Journal of Public Economics, 74:141–150, 1999.
Reyes B. Dynamics of immigration: Return migration to western mexico. Public Policy Institute of California, 1997.
Ross S., J. Pagan, and D. Polsky. Mexican migration to the US and access to health care. University of Pennsylvania, Population Aging Research Center Working Paper Series, (05-11), 2004.
Sana M. and C. Yu. Is international migration a substitute for social security? Wellbeing and Social Policy, 2(5):27–48, 2007.
Sana M. and D. S. Massey. Seeking social security: An alternative motivation for México-US migration. International Migration, 38(5):3–24, 2000.
Stark, O. Economic–Demographic Interactions in Agricultural Development: The Case of Rural-to-Urban Migration. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), 1978*
Stark O. Inequality and migration: a behavioral link. Institute for Advanced Studies Economics Series, (178), 2005.
Stark O. and D. E. Bloom. The new economics of labor migration. American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, 75(2):173–178, 1985.
Stark O. and E. Taylor. Migration incentive, migration types: the role of relative deprivation. Economic Journal, 101:1163–1178, 1991.
Storesletten K. Sustaining fiscal policy through immigration. Journal of Political Economy, 108(2):300–323, 2000.
Taylor J. E. and J. Mora. Does migration reshape expenditures in rural households? evidence from mexico. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, (3842), 2006.
Taylor, Edward. “The New Economics of Labour Migration and the Role of Remittances in the Migration Process”. International Migration. Vol 37 (1). 1999.
Terry; D and Wilson, S (Ed.). “Beyond Small Change: Making Migrant Remittances Count”. Multilateral Investment Fund. Inter-American Development Bank. 2005
Woodruff C. and R. Zenteno. Migration networks and microenterprises in Mexico. Journal of Development Economics, 82:509–528, 2007
World Bank, Global Economic Prospects 2006: Economic Implications of Remittances and Migration. World Bank, Washington D.C., 2005