Egbetokun, A and Siyanbola, W and Adeniyi, A (2007): Indigenous innovation capability in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review of the Nigerian situation. Published in: Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Management of Technology (2007): pp. 1018-1022.
Download (145kB) | Preview
Innovation process represents the long wave of value creation and it is the main powerful driver of future economic results of firms and nations. It therefore follows that for nations to compete suc-cessfully in the long run, they must innovate; and innovating entails building new competencies, new capabilities and new knowledge. This paper reviews the concepts of Science, Technology and Innovation and discusses the factors militating against the translation of scientific R&D outputs into innovations in Nigeria. The experiences of selected countries are reviewed to specifically highlight the importance of institutional framework and knowledge pool in the process of building indigenous innovation capability for national development. Policies, strategies and structures that could facilitate effective management of R&D and Innovation within the Nigerian knowledge system are suggested. We conclude that for Nigeria to progress in transforming R&D outputs to tangible products and services, appropriate mechanisms must be put in place in the areas of institutional framework, support structure, knowledge generation, innovation, education and technological entrepreneurship.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Indigenous innovation capability in Sub-Saharan Africa: a review of the Nigerian situation|
|Keywords:||Innovation capability; research and development; science and technology; innovation|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O57 - Comparative Studies of Countries
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
|Depositing User:||Abiodun Egbetokun|
|Date Deposited:||27. Sep 2010 13:19|
|Last Modified:||15. Feb 2013 20:05|
Prusak L. (1996) “The knowledge advantage”, Strategy and Leadership, March-April.
Prusak L., Davenport T. H., (1998) Working Knowledge, Harvard Business School Press. Page 5.
Nonaka, I. (1994): A dynamic theory of organizational knowledge creation, in: Organization Science, 5(1), 14-37
Hamel G., Prahalad. C.K. (1994). Competing for the future. Harvard Business School Press Boston p.p.231-232.
Ilori, M. O., Adeniyi, A. A., Oyewale, A. A., Sanni, S. A. and Irefin, I. A. (2002). Developing a manufacturing-based economy in Nigeria through science and technology. Technolvation 22 (2002). Elsevier Science Ltd.
Stanton, W. J., Etzel, M. J., and Walker, B. J. Fundamentals of Marketing. 10th Ed. McGraw Hill, Inc. New York, 1994
Lall, S. (1992). “Technological Capabilities and Industrialization” World Development 20 (2) 1992
Romijn, Henny and Albaladejo, Manuel (2000) Determinants of Innovation Capability in Small UK Firms: An Empirical Analysis, QEH Working Paper 40
Coe, D. and Helpman, E. (1993), “International R&D spillovers”, NBER Working Paper 4444, National Bureau of Economic Research.
Jones, C. and Williams, J., (1999), “Too much of a Good Thing? The Economics of Investment in R&D”, NBER Working Paper 7283, National Bureau of Economic Research.
Coe, D., Helpman, E. and Hoffmaister, A. (1997), “North-South R&D spillovers”, The Economic Journal, Vol. 107, pp. 134-149.
Stern, S., Porter, M. and Furman, J. (2000) “The determinants of national innovative capacity”, NBER Working Paper 7876, National Bureau of Economic Research.
Tiffin, S. (1997) Building Science and Technology Innovation Systems in Africa, Paper delivered at the First Regional Workshop on The Restructuring of National Science and Technology Systems in Africa, Regional Programme for Technology Management (REPTEM), Lagos, May 12-16, 1997.
Freeman, C. (1987): Technology Policy and Economic Performance: Lessons from Japan. London Printer Publishers.
Oyewale, A. A. (2005). Addressing the research-industry linkage impasse in Nigeria: The critical issues and implementation strategies, Paper presented at Globelics-South Africa, 2005.
Oyebisi, T.O.; M.O. Ilori, and M.L. Nassar, (1996) Industry-academic relations: an assessment of the linkages between a university and some enterprises in Nigeria, Technovation, 16 (4) (1996) pp. 203-209.
Ilori, M. O., Oke, J. S. and Sanni, S. A. (2000). Management of new product development in selected food companies in Nigeria. Technovation, 20 (2000) (1996) pp. 333-342
Oyewale, A.A. (2003) Evaluation of the Interactions Among the Key Components of Science and Technology and Innovation System in Nigeria, A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Award of Degree of PhD in Technology Management, to Technology Planning and Development Unit, Faculty of Technology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife.
Liao, Z. and Greenfield, P. F. (1997a). The impact of generic competitive strategies on corporate R&D: an empirical study in Japan. International Journal of Technology Management 13 (5/6), pp 542-555.
Liao, Z. and Greenfield, P. F. (1997b). Major considerations in the corporate development of R&D strategies within Australian technology-based firms. International Journal of Technology Management 13 (5/6), pp 542-555.
Souitaris, V. (2003). Determinants of technological innovation: Current state of the art, modern research trends and future prospects. In: L. V. Shavinina (Ed.), The International Handbook on Innovation. Elsevier Science, Oxford
Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, B., Laditan, G. O. A. and Esubiyi, A. O. (1996). Industrial innovation in Sub-Saharan Africa: the manufacturing sector in Nigeria. Research Policy 25 (7), 1081-1096
Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, B (1997). NNEWI: An Emergent Industrial Cluster in Nigeria. Technopol Publishers. Ibadan.
Department of Science and Technology (DST) (2005). ‘About the System’ Science and Technology System in India.(available at http://dst.gov.in/stsysindia/about-sys.htm, accessed January 8, 2006)
Jones, Randall (2005).The 2005 Economic Survey of Korea. Presentation at the OECD Breakfast Series, Washington, DC, 30 November 2005. OECD, Paris