De Hoop, Thomas and Van Kempen, Luuk and Linssen, Rik and Van Eerdewijk, Anouka (2010): Women's Autonomy and Subjective Well-Being in India: How Village Norms Shape the Impact of Self-Help Groups.
Download (440kB) | Preview
This paper presents quasi-experimental impact estimates of women self-help groups on subjective well-being in Orissa, India. We find that, on average, self-help group membership does not affect subjective well-being. However, our results at the same time reveal that subjective well-being sharply declines for those members whose newly gained autonomy meets with relatively conservative social gender norms among non-members. We interpret this finding as evidence for heterogeneous losses of feelings of identity for self-help group members. Identity losses loom larger when women’s enhanced autonomy implies a stronger violation of social gender norms at the community level. Social sanctioning mechanisms play an important role in the heterogeneous negative impact on subjective well-being, as evidenced by qualitative accounts of women’s empowerment trajectories in the research area.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Women's Autonomy and Subjective Well-Being in India: How Village Norms Shape the Impact of Self-Help Groups|
|Keywords:||Autonomy; Subjective Well-Being; Impact Evaluation; Identity; Sanctioning; India|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I31 - General Welfare, Well-Being
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I38 - Government Policy ; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology ; Social and Economic Stratification
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O12 - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
|Depositing User:||Thomas de Hoop|
|Date Deposited:||19. Oct 2010 08:01|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 11:39|
Agarwal, Bina. 1997. “”Bargaining” and Gender Relationships: Within and Beyond the Household.” Feminist Economics, 3(1): 1-51.
Agarwal, Bina. 2007. “Gender Inequality, Cooperation, and Environmental Sustainability.” in Jean-Marie Baland, Pranab Bardhan, and Samuel Bowles, eds. Inequality, Collective Action and Environmental Sustainability, pp. 274-313. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Ahmed, Syed Masud, Mushtaque Chowdhury, and Abbas Bhuiya. 2001. “Micro-Credit and Emotional Well-Being: Experience of Poor Rural Women from Matlab, Bangladesh.” World Development, 29 (11): 1957-66.
Akerlof, George A., and Rachel E. Kranton. 2000. “Economics and Identity.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 115(3): 715-53.
Bali Swain, Ranjula, and Adel Varghese. 2009. “Does Self Help Group Participation Lead to Asset Creation?” World Development, 37 (10): 1674-82.
Bali Swain, Ranjula, and Fan Yang Wallentin. 2009. “Does Microfinance Empower Women?” International Review of Applied Economics, 23(5): 541-56.
Bamberger, Michael. Vijayendra Rao, and Michael Woolcock. 2010. “Using Mixed Methods in Monitoring and Evaluation: Experiences from International Development.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5245, Washington D.C.
Baum, Christopher F., Mark E. Schaffer, and Steven Stillman. 2007. “ivreg2: Stata Module for Extended Instrumental Variables/2SLS, GMM and AC/HAC, LIML and k-class Regression.” http://ideas.repec.org/c/boc/bocode/s425401.html
Beaman, Lori, Raghabendra Chattopadhyay, Esther Duflo, Rohini Pande, and Petia Topalova. 2009. “Powerful Women: Does Exposure Reduce Bias?” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 124(4): 1497-1540.
Becker, Sascha O., and Marco Caliendo. 2007. “Sensitivity Analysis for Average Treatment Effect.” The Stata Journal, 7(1): 71-83.
Brandts, Jordi and Maria Fernanda Rivas. 2009. “On Punishment and Well-Being.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 72(3): 823-34.
Caliendo, Marco, and Sabine Kopeinig. 2008. “Some Practical Guidance for the Implementation of Propensity Score Matching.” Journal of Economic Surveys, 22(1): 31-72.
Chen, Daniel. L. 2010. “Club Goods and Group Identity: Evidence from Islamic Resurgence During the Indonesian Financial Crisis.” Journal of Political Economy, 118(2): 300-354.
Connely, Rachel, Deborah. S. DeGraff, Deborah Levison, and Brian. P. McCall. 2010. “Tackling the Endogeneity of Fertility in the Study of Women’s Employment in Developing Countries: Alternative Estimation Strategies Using Data from Urban Brazil.” Feminist Economics, 12(4): 561-97.
Dehejia, Rajeev. 2005. “Practical Propensity Score Matching: A Reply to Smith and Todd.” Journal of Econometrics, 125(1-2): 355-64.
Deininger, Klaus, and Yanyan Liu. 2009a. “Economic and Social Impacts of Self-Help Groups in India.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4884, World Bank, Washington D.C.
Deininger, Klaus, and Yanyan Liu. 2009b. “Longer-Term Economic Impacts of Self-Help Groups in India.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4886, World Bank, Washington D.C.
Di Tella, Rafael. and Robert MacCulloch. 2006. “Some Uses of Happiness Data in Economics.” The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20(1): 25-46.
Dugar, Subhasish. 2010. “Nonmonetary Sanctions and Rewards in an Experimental Coordination Game.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 73(3): 377-86.
Fehr, Ernst, and Armin Falk. 2002. “Psychological Foundation of Incentives.” European Economic Review, 46(4): 687-724.
Fehr, Ernst, and Bettina Rockenbach. 2003. “Detrimental Effects of Sanctions on Human Altruism.” Nature, 422: 137-40.
Fehr, Ernst, and Simon Gächter. 2000. “Fairness and Retaliation: The Economics of Reciprocity.” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14(3): 159-81.
Fehr, Ernst, and John A. List. 2004. “The Hidden Costs and Returns of Incentives: Trust and Trustworthiness among CEOs.” Journal of the European Economic Association, 2(5): 743-71.
Frey, Bruno S, and Alois Stutzer. 2002. “What Can Economists Learn from Happiness Research?” Journal of Economic Literature, 40(2): 402-35.
Garikipati, Supriya. 2008. “The Impact of Lending to Women on Household Vulnerability and Women’s Empowerment: Evidence from India.” World Development, 36(12): 2620-42.
Government of Orissa. 2004. “Orissa Human Development Report 2004.” Department of Planning and Coordination, Government of Orissa, Bhubaneshwar.
Graham, Carol. 2009 “Happiness around the World: The Paradox of Happy Peasants and Miserable Millionaires.” New York: Oxford University Press.
Holvoet, Natalie. 2005. “Credit and Women’s Group Membership in South India: Testing Models of Intrahousehold Allocative Behavior.” Feminist Economics, 11(3): 27-62.
Jakimow, Tanya, and Patrick Kilby. 2006. “Empowering Women: A Critique of the Blue-Print for Self-Help Groups in India” Indian Journal of Gender Studies, 13(3): 375-400.
Janssens, Wendy. 2010. “Externalities in Program Evaluation: The Impact of a Women’s Empowerment Program on Immunization.” Journal of the European Economic Association, forthcoming.
Jensen, Robert, and Emily Oster. 2009. “The Power of TV: Cable Television and Women’s Status in India.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 124(3): 1057-94.
Kabeer, Naila. 1999. “Resources, Agency, Achievements: Reflections on the Measurement of Women’s Empowerment.” Development and Change, 30(3): 435-64.
Khandker, Shahidur R. 2005. “Microfinance and Poverty, Evidence Using Panel Data from Bangladesh.” World Bank Economic Review, 19(2): 263-86.
Kuran, Timur 2004. “Cultural Obstacles to Economic Development: Often Overstated, Usually Transitory” in Vijayendra Rao, and Michael Walton, eds. Culture and Public Action, pp. 115-137. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Munshi, Kaivan, and Jacques Myaux. 2006. “Social Norms and the Fertility Transition.” Journal of Development Economics, 80(1): 1-38.
Rosenbaum, Paul R, and Donald B. Rubin. 1983. “The Central Role of the Propensity Score in Observational Studies for Causal Effects.” Biometrika, 70(1): 41-55.
Rabin, Matthew. 1993. “Incorporating Fairness into Game Theory and Economics.” American Economic Review, 83(5): 1281-1302.
Ray, Debraj 1998. Development Economics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Stutzer, Alois, and Rafael Lalive. 2004. “The Role of Social Work Norms in Job Searching and Subjective Well-Being.” Journal of the European Economic Association, 2(4): 696-719.
Thorp, Rosemary, Frances Stewart, and Amrik Heyer. 2005. “When and How Far is Group Formation a Route Out of Chronic Poverty?” World Development, 33(6): 907-20.
Van Kempen, Luuk 2009. “The ‘Downside’ of Women Empowerment in India: An Experimental Inquiry into the Role of Expectations.” Social Indicators Research, 94(3): 465-82.
Verme, Paolo. 2009. “Happiness, Freedom and Control.” Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 71(2): 146-61.
Wood, Wendy, P.Niels Christensen, Michelle R. Hebl, and Hank Rothgerber. 1997. “Conformity to Sex-Typed Norms, Affect and the Self-Concept.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73(3): 523-35.
Wooldridge, Jeffrey M. 2002. “Econometric Analysis of Cross-Section and Panel Data.” Boston: MIT University Press.