Hanappi, Hardy (2008): On the Nature of Knowledge: An evolutionary perspective.
Download (98kB) | Preview
Knowledge comes in two opposed forms – as structural property and as a process. Their interaction - in the time dimension as well as along a logical dimension - characterizes the evolution of knowledge. Knowledge only works, i.e. evolutes, via its presence in carrier media; be it books, hard disks or human brains. Embedding specifications and development of carrier media in an understanding of knowledge evolution is a pivotal step towards an understanding of what could be considered as progress in human societies. Indeed the impact of the ICT revolution of the last decades is now just only surfacing; it will show how important scientific advance in this field is. Knowledge comes in pieces, in units of something that could be called language (in a wider sense). As an over boarding science of linguistics points out these pieces are organized, they form an evolutionary network. The opposing network element types, nodes and (directed) links, reflect the above mentioned opposed forms. In a sense language still is a natural phenomenon, one that provides knowledge about nature. Nature as process as well as natural structure comes into perspective as knowledge.
The paper discusses these three aspects and will position them relative to major scientific contributions from various disciplines. In a final conclusion the consequences for the methodology of evolutionary economics will be drawn.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||On the Nature of Knowledge: An evolutionary perspective|
|English Title:||On the Nature of Knowledge: An evolutionary perspective|
|Keywords:||information; knowledge; language; evolutionary economics|
|Subjects:||B - History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches > B5 - Current Heterodox Approaches > B50 - General|
|Depositing User:||Gerhard Hanappi|
|Date Deposited:||21. Dec 2010 14:22|
|Last Modified:||26. Aug 2015 08:32|
 N. Chomsky, Syntactic Structures, Mouton, Den Haag (1957).  W.W. Cooper, The Current State of Managerial Economics, The American Economic Review 51(2) (1961).  W.W. Cooper et al., IDEA and AR-IDEA: Models for Dealing with Imprecise Data in DEA, Management Science 45(4) (1999).  G. Edelman, Wider than the Sky. The phenomenal Gift of Consciousness, Yale University Press, New Haven and London (2004).  H. Hanappi, There is no Homunculus – A Critique of A.I. Fundamentals, in: [Trappl R. (ed.), Cybernetics and Systems, pp. 965-974] (1988).  H. Hanappi, E. Hanappi-Egger, A. Mehlmannn, 2000, Algorithmic Games. From a new form of specification to a new type of results, paper contributed to the First World Congress of the Game Theory Society in Bilbao (Spain), July 24-28, (2000).  H. Hanappi, Maxwell's Demons in Brains and Politics. Formulating the evolution of needs and values as dialectics of entropy, paper presented at the EAEPE Conference 2003 in Maastricht (NL), appeared in the procedings, Maastricht, (2003).  H. Hanappi and E. Hanappi-Egger, New Combinations. Taking Schumpeter’s concept serious, paper presented at the International Schumpeter Society Conference 2004 in Milano (I), June 9-12, Bocconi University, (2004).  H. Hanappi, The Concept of Choice - Why and how innovative behaviour is not just stochastic, Journal of Evolutionary Economics 18 (1, pp.275-289) (2008).  J. Maynard-Smith and E. Szathmáry, The Major Transitions in Evolution, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1995).  J. Maynard-Smith, Evolution and the Theory of Games, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1982).  J. Tinbergen, Economic Policy: Principles and Design, North Holland Publishers (1978).  R. Trappl R. (ed.), Cybernetics and Systems, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht/Boston/London (1988).  L. Wittgenstein, Logisch-philosophische Abhandlung (Tractatus), Suhrkamp Verlag (1921).