Fenske, James and Bharadwaj, Prashant (2011): Partition, migration, and jute cultivation in India.
This is the latest version of this item.
Download (579kB) | Preview
We show that refugees can play positive roles in receiving economies by looking at the partition of India. We use an instrumental variables (IV) strategy to show that migrants played a major part in India's take-up of jute cultivation. Our estimates suggest that migrants fully explain post-partition jute cultivation. Consistent with migrants bringing jute-specific skills with them, we find that migrants did not depress jute yields, did not increase the cultivation of other crops, and did not lower native wages. Our results are robust to migrant selection into districts with the best markets for jute.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Partition, migration, and jute cultivation in India|
|Keywords:||Jute; Partition; Migration; India|
|Subjects:||N - Economic History > N5 - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment, and Extractive Industries > N55 - Asia including Middle East
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O13 - Agriculture ; Natural Resources ; Energy ; Environment ; Other Primary Products
|Depositing User:||James Fenske|
|Date Deposited:||11. Jan 2011 21:05|
|Last Modified:||20. Feb 2013 14:56|
Altonji, J., Elder, T., and Taber, C. (2005). Selection on observable and unobservable variables: Assessing the effectiveness of Catholic schools. Journal of Political Economy, 113(1):151-184.
Altonji, J. G. and Card, D. (1991). The effects of immigration on the labor market outcomes of less-skilled natives, pages 201-234. Immigration, trade and the labor market. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
BBC News (2010). Disputed Bay of Bengal island `vanishes' say scientists.
Bharadwaj, P., Khwaja, A., and Mian, A. (2008a). The big march: Migratory flows after the partition of India. Economic and Political Weekly, (43):39-49.
Bharadwaj, P., Khwaja, A., and Mian, A. (2008b). The partition of India: Demographic consequences. Working Paper.
Borjas, G. J. (1987). Self-selection and the earnings of immigrants. The American Economic Review, 77(4):531-553.
Borjas, G. J. (1991). Immigrants in the US labor market: 1940-80. The American Economic Review, 81(2):287-291.
Bose, S. (1993). Peasant Labour and Colonial Capital: Rural Bengal Since 1770. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Bruder, J. (2004). Are trade and migration substitutes or complements? The case of Germany, 1970-1998. Working Paper.
Chatterjee, P. (1997). The Present History of West Bengal: Essays in Political Criticism. Oxford University Press.
Chatterji, J. (2007). The Spoils of Partition: Bengal and India, 1947-1967. Cambridge University Press.
Chiquiar, D. and Hanson, G. H. (2005). International migration, self-selection, and the distribution of wages: Evidence from Mexico and the United States. Journal of Political Economy, 113(2):239-281.
Collins, W. J. (1997). When the tide turned: Immigration and the delay of the great black migration. The Journal of Economic History, 57(3):607-632.
Collins, W. J., O'Rourke, K. H., and Williamson, J. G. (1997). Were trade and factor mobility substitutes in history? NBER Working Paper No. W6059.
Dunlevy, J. A. and Hutchinson, W. K. (1999). The impact of immigration on American import trade in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Journal of Economic History, 59(4):1043-1062.
Ethier, W. J. (1985). International trade and labor migration. The American Economic Review, 75(4):691-707.
Fernandes, L. (1997). Producing Workers: The Politics of Gender, Class and Culture in the Calcutta Jute Mills. University of Pennsylvania Press.
FMR (2007). Special issue: Iraqs displacement crisis: the search for solutions. Forced Migration Review, (June).
Friedberg, R. M. (2001). The impact of mass migration on the Israeli labor market. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(4):1373-1408.
Ghosh, T. (1999). Income and Productivity in the Jute Industry Across the 1947 Divide, pages 54-81. Case for labour history: the jute industry in Eastern India. K.P. Bagchi and Co, Calcutta.
Goldin, C. (1994). The Political Economy of Immigration Restriction in the United States, 1890 to 1921, pages 223-258. The Regulated Economy: A Historical Approach to Political Economy. University of Chicago Press.
Grossman, J. B. (1982). The substitutability of natives and immigrants in production. The review of economics and statistics, 64(4):596-603.
Harrabin, R. (2006). Climate fears for Bangladesh's future.
Hill, K., Seltzer, W., Leaning, J., Malik, S. J., and Russell, S. S. (2006). The demographic impact of partition: Bengal in 1947. Working Paper.
Homer-Dixon, T. F. (1994). Environmental scarcities and violent conflict: evidence from cases. International Security, 19(1):5-40.
IJMA (1963). Annual summary of jute and gunny statistics. Indian Jute Mills Association, Calcutta.
Kakissis, J. (2010). Environmental refugees unable to return home. New York Times.
López, R. and Schiff, M. (1998). Migration and the skill composition of the labour force: The impact of trade liberalization in LDCs. The Canadian Journal of Economics, 31(2):318-336.
Margo, R. A. and Villaflor, G. C. (1987). The growth of wages in antebellum America: New evidence. Journal of Economic History, 47(4):873-895.
Reuveny, R. (2007). Climate change-induced migration and violent conflict. Political Geography, 26(6):656-673.
Rudolph, C. (2003). Security and the political economy of international migration. American Political Science Review, 97(4):603-620.
Schiff, M. (1996). South-north migration and trade: a survey. Policy Research Working Paper Series.
Sen, S. (1999). Women and Labour in Late Colonial India: The Bengal Jute Industry. Cambridge University Press.
Stewart, G. T. (1998). Jute and Empire: The Calcutta Jute Wallahs and the Landscapes of Empire. Manchester University Press.
Ta, W., Dong, Z., and Sanzhi, C. (2006). Effect of the 1950s large-scale migration for land reclamation on spring dust storms in northwest China. Atmospheric Environment, 40(30):5815-5823.
Taylor, A. M. and Williamson, J. G. (2006). Convergence in the age of mass migration. European Review of Economic History, 1(1):27-63.
The World Bank (2006). Bangladesh Country Environmental Analysis: Bangladesh Development Series Paper No: 12. The World Bank OCE, Dhaka.
Turner, B. L. and Ali, A. M. S. (1996). Induced intensification: Agricultural change in Bangladesh with implications for Malthus and Boserup. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 93(25):14984-14991.
Vakil, C. N. (1950). Economic consequences of divided India: a study of the economy of India and Pakistan. Vora, Mumbai.
van der Steen, B. (2005). The jute industry: A statistical overview. Working Paper.
Wong, K. (1986). Are international trade and factor mobility substitutes? Journal of International Economics, 21(1-2):25-43.
worldjute.com History of Jute available at http://www.worldjute.com/about_jute/juthist.html, As downloaded on January 8th, 2011.
Available Versions of this Item
Partition, migration, and jute cultivation in India. (deposited 04. Jun 2010 10:21)
Partition, migration, and jute cultivation in India. (deposited 27. Aug 2010 07:50)
- Partition, migration, and jute cultivation in India. (deposited 11. Jan 2011 21:05) [Currently Displayed]
- Partition, migration, and jute cultivation in India. (deposited 27. Aug 2010 07:50)