Popov, Vladimir (2010): To devalue or not to devalue? How East European countries responded to the outflow of capital in 1997-99 and in 2008-09.
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If there is a negative terms of trade or financial shock leading to the deterioration in the balance of payments, there are two basic options for a country that has limited foreign exchange reserves. First, a country can maintain a fixed exchange rate (or even a currency board) and wait until the reduction of foreign exchange reserves leads to the reduction of money supply: this will drive domestic prices down and stimulate exports, raise interest rates and stimulate the inflow of capital, and finally will correct the balance of payments. Second, the country can allow the devaluation of national currency – flexible exchange rate will automatically bring the balance of payments back into the equilibrium. Because national prices are less flexible than exchange rates, the first type of adjustment is associated with the greater reduction of output. The empirical evidence on East European countries and other transition economies for 1998-99 period (outflow of capital after the 1997 Asian and 1998 Russian currency crises and slowdown of output growth rates) suggests that the second type of policy response (devaluation) was associated with smaller loss of output than the first type (monetary contraction). 2008-09 developments provide additional evidence for this hypothesis.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||To devalue or not to devalue? How East European countries responded to the outflow of capital in 1997-99 and in 2008-09|
|Keywords:||Devaluation, capital account shocks, fixed and flexible exchange rates, macroeconomic response to shocks|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F4 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance > F42 - International Policy Coordination and Transmission
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F32 - Current Account Adjustment ; Short-Term Capital Movements
F - International Economics > F4 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance > F41 - Open Economy Macroeconomics
F - International Economics > F3 - International Finance > F31 - Foreign Exchange
F - International Economics > F4 - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance > F43 - Economic Growth of Open Economies
|Depositing User:||Vladimir Popov|
|Date Deposited:||13. Jan 2011 23:03|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 10:40|
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