Nganou, Jean-Pascal and Parra, Juan Carlos and Wodon, Quentin (2009): Oil price shocks, poverty, and gender: a social accouting matrix analysis for Kenya. Published in: Gender aspects of the trade and poverty nexus, World Bank, Washington DC (edited by Maurizio Bussolo and Rafael de Hoyos) (2009): pp. 53-79.
Download (299kB) | Preview
In a similar way to Input-Output (IO) tables, Social Accounting Matrices (SAMs) have been used in the literature mostly to assess the distributional impact of changes in production structure on household income. Yet they can also be used to assess the impact on price shocks on the cost of goods consumed by households. The key advantage of SAMs over IO tables is that the data from household surveys on the incomes and consumption patterns of various categories of households can be directly integrated into the modeling exercise in order to conduct the distributional analysis. This is illustrated with a discussion of the impact of oil price shocks in Kenya on different types of households defined according to the gender of the household head as well as poverty status. We find that due to some differences in consumption patterns, poorer households are likely to be affected more by oil price hikes than the non-poor, and that household with female heads could also be more affected than households with male heads.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Oil price shocks, poverty, and gender: a social accouting matrix analysis for Kenya|
|Keywords:||Input-output analysis; Social accounting matrix; Price model; Kenya; Gender|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D5 - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium > D57 - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C6 - Mathematical Methods ; Programming Models ; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling > C67 - Input-Output Models
|Depositing User:||Quentin Wodon|
|Date Deposited:||31. Jan 2011 00:12|
|Last Modified:||14. Feb 2013 09:12|
Adelman, I., and J. Edward Taylor. 1990. “A Structural Adjustment with a Human Face Possible? The Case of Mexico.” Journal of Development Studies 26 (3): 387–407.
Arndt, C., H. Jensen, and F. Tarp. 2000. “Structural Characteristics of the Economy of Mozambique: A SAM–Based Analysis.” Review of Development Economics 4 (3): 292–306.
Bautista, R., S. Robinson, and Moataz El-Said. 2001. “Alternative Industrial Development Paths for Indonesia: SAM and CGE Analyses.” In Restructuring Asian Economics for the New Millennium, vol. 9B, ed. J. Behrman, M. Dutta, S.L. Husted, P. Sumalee, C. Suthiphand and P. Wiboonchutikula, 773–90. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science/North Holland.
Defourny, J., and E. Thorbecke. 1984. “Structural Path Analysis and Multiplier Decomposition within a Social Accounting Matrix Framework.” Economic Journal 94 (373): 111–36.
Dorosh, Paul A. 1994. “Adjustment, External Shocks, and Poverty in Lesotho: A Multiplier Analysis.” Working Paper 71, Cornell Food and Nutrition Program, Ithaca, NY.
Dick, H., S. Gupta, D. Vincent, and H. Voigt. 1984. “The Effect of Oil Price Increases on Four Oil-Poor Developing Countries: A Comparative Analysis.” Energy Economics 6 (1): 59–70.
Jorgenson, Dale. 1984. “Econometric Methods for Applied General Equilibrium Analysis.” In Applied General Equilibrium Analysis, ed. H. E. Scarf and J. B. Shoven, 139–203. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Jorgenson, Dale, ed. 1998. Growth Volume 2: Energy, the Environment, and Economic Growth. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Karingi, S. N., and M. Siriwardana. 2003. “A CGE Model Analysis of Effects of Adjustment to Terms of Trade Shocks on Agriculture and Income Distribution in Kenya.” Journal of Developing Areas 37 (1): 87–108.
Khan, H. A. 1999. “Sectoral Growth and Poverty: A Multiplier Decomposition Analysis for South Africa.” World Development 27 (3): 521–30.
Kumar, P. 2005. Oil Price Increase and the Kenyan Economy. World Bank, AFTP2, Washington, DC.
Leontief, Wassily. 1951. The Structure of the American Economy 1919–1939, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.
Leontief, Wassily. 1953. Studies in the Structure of the American Economy. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lewis, B., and E. Thorbecke. 1992. “District-Level Economic Linkages in Kenya: Evidence Based on a Small Regional Social Accounting Matrix.” World Development 20 (6): 881–97.
Miller, R., and P. Blair. 1985. Input-Output Analysis: Foundations and Extensions. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Mitra, P. K. 1994. Adjustment in Oil-Importing Developing Countries: A Comparative Economic Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Moses, L. 1974. “Output and Prices in Interindustry Models.” Papers of the Regional Science Association 32 (1): 7–18.
Nganou, Jean-Pascal Nguessa. 2005. A Multisectoral Analysis of Growth Prospects for Lesotho: SAM-Multiplier Decomposition and Computable General Equilibrium Perspectives. Ph.D. thesis, Department of Economics, American University, Washington, DC.
Parikh, A., and E. Thorbecke. 1996. “Impact of Rural Industrialization on Village Life and Economy: A Social Accounting Matrix Approach.” Economic Development and Cultural Change 44 (2): 351–77.
Parra, J. C., and Q. Wodon. 2008a. “Decomposition of SAM Multipliers under Supply Constraints: Derivation and Application to Oil Price Shocks in Senegal.” World Bank, Development Dialogue on Values and Ethics, Washington, DC.
Parra, J. C., and Q. Wodon. 2010. “SimSIP SAM: Policy Analysis under a SAM Framework.” World Bank, Development Dialogue on Values and Ethics, Washington, DC.
Pyatt, G., and J. Round. 1979. “Accounting and Fixed Price Multipliers in a Social Accounting Matrix Framework.” Economic Journal 89 (356): 850–73.
Roland-Holst, D., and F. Sancho. 1995. “Modeling Prices in a SAM Structure.” Review of Economics and Statistics 77 (2): 361–71.
Round, Jeffery I. 1985. “Decomposing Multipliers for Economic Systems Involving Regional and World Trade.” Economic Journal 95 (378): 383–99.
Round, Jeffery I. 1989. “Decomposition of Input-Output and Economy-Wide Multipliers in a Regional Setting.” In Frontiers of Input-Output Analysis, ed. Ronald E. Miller, Karen R. Polenske, and Adam Z. Rose, 103–118. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Semboja, H. 1994. “The Effects of Energy Taxes on the Kenyan Economy: A CGE Analysis.” Energy Economics16 (3): 205–15.
Stone, J. R. N. 1985. “The Disaggregation of the Household Sector in the National Accounts.” In Social Accounting Matrices: A Basis for Planning, ed. G. Pyatt and J. I. Round, 145–85. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Taylor, J. Edward, and I. Adelman. 1996. Village Economies. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Taylor, J. Edward, Antonio Yunez-Naude, George A. Dyer, Micki Stewart, and Sergio Ardila. 2002. “The Economics of ‘Eco-Tourism’: A Galapagos Island Economywide Perspective.” Economic Development and Cultural Change 51 (4): 977–97.
Ten Raa, Thijs. 2005. The Economics of Input-Output Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Thorbecke, Erik. 2000. “The Use of Social Accounting Matrices in Modeling.” Paper prepared for the 26th General Conference of the International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, Cracow, Poland, August 27–September 2.
Thorbecke, Erik, and Hong-Sang Jung. 1996. “A Multiplier Decomposition Method to Analyze Poverty Alleviation.” Journal of Development Economics 48 (2): 279–300.
U.S. Department of Energy. 2004. Country Analysis Brief: Great Lakes Region. Energy Information Administration, Washington, DC.
Wobst, P., and B. Schraven. 2004. “The 2001 Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) for Kenya.” International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC.