Saikia, Dilip (2008): Economic Conditions of the In-Migrant Workers in Kerala: A Case Study in the Trivandrum District.
Download (794kB) | Preview
The major objective of the paper is to examine the economic conditions of the in-migrant workers in Kerala. This has been done by analysing their savings, income and consumption pattern and nature of work before and after migration. The analysis is based on data from a sample of 166 in-migrants workers in the Trivandrum district, which has been collected through a primary survey during September-October, 2008. While existing studies provide evidences for short distance migration from nearby states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh to Kerala, our study observed that long distance migration from states like West Bengal and Assam dominated the inflow of migrant workers in recent years. Informal information networks through acquaintances that have already migrated plays important role in migration of workers to Kerala. Poor economic conditions along with several other overlapping factors have been identified as the reason of migration. There has not been any change in the nature of employment of the migrants even after migration. However, there has been a shift from the low-income brackets before migration to high-income brackets after migration. We observed positive relationship of skill level and instance of migration with income level. Notwithstanding the improved income level the living condition for most of them is deplorable, most of them live together in either poor rented houses or work sites with one room shared by many and no provision of hygienic sanitation. The amount and pattern of food expenditure is found to be more or less same for all the migrants, whereas that of non-food expenditure varies from person to person. The savings and investment habit among the migrants is found to be very poor.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Economic Conditions of the In-Migrant Workers in Kerala: A Case Study in the Trivandrum District|
|Keywords:||In-migration, Saving and Consumption Pattern|
|Subjects:||R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R2 - Household Analysis > R23 - Regional Migration ; Regional Labor Markets ; Population ; Neighborhood Characteristics|
|Depositing User:||Dilip Saikia|
|Date Deposited:||24. Mar 2011 21:15|
|Last Modified:||30. Dec 2015 10:25|
Anjomani, A. (2002), “Regional growth and interstate migration”, Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 239-265.
Ederveen, S and N. Bardsley (2003), “Analysing and modeling inter-regional migration” WIFO, Vienna
Fachin, S. (2007), “Long-run trends in internal migrations in Italy: a study in panel cointegration with dependent units”, Journal of Applied Econometrics
Greenwood, M. (1993), “Migration: A Review”, Regional Studies: The Journal of the Regional Studies Association, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 295-296
Greenwood M., J. Gary and L. Hunt (2003), “The Early History of Migration Research”, International Regional Science Review, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 3-37
Kundu, A. and N. Sarangi (2007), “Migration, Employment Status and Poverty: An Analysis across Urban Centres”, Economic and Political Weekly, Jan. 27, pp. 299-306
Lipton, M. (1980), “Migration from Rural Areas of Poor Countries: The Impact on Rural Productivity and Income Distribution”, World Development, Vol. 8, No. 2
Murayama, M. and A. Mitra (2008), “Rural to Urban Migration: A District Level Analysis for India”, Discussion Paper No. 137, The Institute of Developing Economies (IDE). Available at http://www.ide.go.jp/English/Publish/Dp/pdf/137_murayama.pdf
Pissarides C. A. and J. Wadsworth (1987), “Unemployment and the Inter-regional Mobility of Labour”, The Economic Journal, Vol. 99, pp. 739-55.
Pekkala, S. and H. Tarrvo (2002), “Unemployment and Migration: Does moving Help?” The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Vol. 104, No. 4, pp. 621 – 639
Srivastava, R. and S. K. Sasikumar (2003), “An overview of migration in India, its impacts and key issues” Available at http://www.livelihoods.org/hot_topics/docs/Dhaka_CP_2.pdf
Srivastava, R. and S. Bhattacharyya (2003) ‘Globalisation, reforms and internal labour mobility: analysis of recent Indian trends’, Labour and Development, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 31–55
Zachariah, K. C., E. T. Mathew, and S. I. Rajan (2003), “Dynamics of migration in Kerala”, Orient Longman, New Delhi