Bellido, Héctor and Marcén, Miriam (2011): Divorce laws and fertility decisions.
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This paper explores the effect of divorce law reform on fertility. By modifying the value of marriage, the adoption of no-fault and unilateral divorce may impact fertility decisions. To identify the effects of those reforms on fertility, we use a quasi experiment exploiting the legislative history of divorce liberalization across Europe. Results suggest that divorce law reforms have a negative and permanent effect on fertility. These findings are robust to alternative specifications and controls for unobserved country-specific factors, time-varying factors at the country level, the liberalization of abortion, and the availability of the birth-control pill. Supplemental analysis, developed to understand the mechanisms through which divorce law reforms affect fertility, shows that both marital and out-of-wedlock fertility declines, but that the impact on marital fertility varies depending on whether couples are married prior to or after divorce law reform.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Divorce laws and fertility decisions|
|Keywords:||Fertility Rate, Divorce Law, Abortion Law; Oral Contraception|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J13 - Fertility ; Family Planning ; Child Care ; Children ; Youth
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J12 - Marriage ; Marital Dissolution ; Family Structure ; Domestic Abuse
K - Law and Economics > K3 - Other Substantive Areas of Law > K36 - Family and Personal Law
|Depositing User:||Miriam Marcén|
|Date Deposited:||20. Apr 2011 20:32|
|Last Modified:||15. Feb 2013 07:42|
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