Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Tombstones of Fallen Heroes

Kalhoro, Zulfiqar Ali (2009): Tombstones of Fallen Heroes. Published in: Suomen Anthropologi:Journal of the Finnish Anthropological Society , Vol. 34, No. 3 (2009): pp. 44-55.


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This paper is based on fieldwork which I carried out in Sindh, Pakistan, from December 2007 to February 2008. The main objective of the study was to document and delineate two graveyards and their contents which are located in two different districts of Sindh, one in Thatta and the other in Tando Muhammad Khan. After discussing the origin of the term ‘chaukhandi’ as applied to a type of tombs present in the area I present the two graveyards, discussing the meanings of motifs that decorate the tombstones in both places. I also discuss the role of the tribes associated with these graveyards in the tribal history of Sindh and the battles in which they displayed their heroism.

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