Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Indirect taxation in the European Union

Ene, Sebastian and Micuda, Dan (2007): Indirect taxation in the European Union. Published in:


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Indirect taxes are levied on the production and consumption of goods and services. They influence the retail price, and hence affect patterns of trade and consumption. Indirect taxes are ultimately paid by the final consumer. Sales and turnover taxes, excise duties and tariffs are the basic indirect taxes. In contrast with direct taxes, indirect taxes are seldom progressive. The principles for the levying of these taxes will be considered before the analysis of indirect taxes.

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