Yang, hongqiang and Nie, ying and Ji, chunyi (2010): Study on China's timber resource shortage and import structure:natural forest protection program outlook,1998 to 2008. Published in: Forest Products Journal , Vol. No. 5, No. Vol. 60, (August 2010): pp. 408-414.
Download (79kB) | Preview
The state of China's ecological environment has improved to some extent since the Chinese government initiated the Natural Forest Protection Program (NFPP) in 1998. The logging prohibition and limitation policies adopted by the NFPP, however, have reduced domestic timber supply. Together with the thriving economy, decreasing domestic timer supply continues to widen the gap between supply and demand. Importation is considered to be the primary solution to this issue, making China the world's largest timber importer. China's major timber suppliers are Russia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, and Gabon, among which Russia accounts for more than 61 percent of China's total timber imports. The relatively cheaper conifers imported from Russia account for more than 60 percent of all imported timber, with volumes continually increasing because of the rapid pace at which China has been implementing its infrastructure projects. In addition, as living standards continue to improve, requirements for home decor and furniture also grow, further increasing the demand for tropical to temperate timber. In the long term, imports will remain the main solution to the insufficient domestic timber supply in China.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Study on China's timber resource shortage and import structure:natural forest protection program outlook,1998 to 2008|
|Keywords:||NFPP; timber resource shortage; timber import structure|
|Subjects:||L - Industrial Organization > L7 - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction > L73 - Forest Products
F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F18 - Trade and Environment
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O13 - Agriculture ; Natural Resources ; Energy ; Environment ; Other Primary Products
|Depositing User:||Hongqiang Yang|
|Date Deposited:||12 Aug 2011 12:14|
|Last Modified:||18 Jan 2016 11:08|
China State Council (CSC). 2003. Directive to enhance forestry development, issued 25 June 2003. Available at news.xinhuanet.com/zhengfu/2003-09/11. Accessed Jun. 2010.
China State Forestry Administration (China SFA). 2001. China Forestry Development Report. Chinese Forestry Press, Beijing, p. 4.
China State Forestry Administration (China SFA). 2009. China Forestry Development Report. Chinese Forestry Press, Beijing, p. 55-61.
China State Forestry Administration (China SFA). 2009. The seventh survey of China forest resources. Available at www.forestry.gov.cn. Accessed June 2010.
ESCAP. 2010. Executive summary: ESCAP’s economic and social survey of Asia and the Pacific. Available at www.unescap.org/pdd/publications/survey2010/overview.pdf. Accessed Jul. 2010.
FAO.2006. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005 (FRA 2005). Available at www.fao.org/forestry/fra/fra2005/en/. Accessed Sep. 2010.
Group of Companies Limited (GCSL). 2009. Guide to investment structures for China. Available at www.gcsl.info/html. Accessed Jun. 2010.
Global Witness. 2009. Disharmonious trade: China and the continued destruction of Burma's northern frontier forests. Available at www.globalwitness.org/media_library_detail.php/856. Accessed Jul. 2010.
Matthias, D. 2009. Analysis of trade in illegally harvested timber: Accounting for trade via third party. Forest Policy and Economics.11:600-607.
Ministry of Finance (MOF China).2009.The announcement on increasing the export rebate ratio of some products. Available at www.gov.cn/zwgk/2009-06/08/content_1334522.htm. Accessed Sep. 2010.
Qian,Y. and Cheng,B. 2010. Policy construction and practice of promoting sustainable timber trade in China. World Forestry Research.1:62-64.
Ru, X. and X. Lu. 2009. Analysis and Forecast on China’s Social Development 2010. Social Sciences Academic Press, Beijing, pp. 3-15.
Yang, H. and Y. Nie. 2008. Analysis of China's timber supply and demand structure. World Agriculture. 351(7):53–56.
Yang, H. and Y. Nie. 2008. Original countries structure of Chinese log import demand: Based on the data of 1992-2006. Journal of International Trade. 6:51-56.
Zhu, C., R. Taylor, and G. Feng. 2004. China’s Wood Market, Trade, and Environment. Science Press USA Inc., Monmouth Junction, NJ, pp.15-18.