Mateos de Cabo, Ruth and Gimeno, Ricardo and Martínez, Miryam and López, Luis (2011): Perpetuating gender stereotypes via the internet? an analysis of the women’s presence in Spanish online newspapers.
Download (246kB) | Preview
In the present research we investigate possible predictors of the presence of women in Spanish online newspapers using an automatic content analysis over a three-month period. Results of the analysis reveal that Spanish online newspapers continue depicting women in a stereotyped manner. Women are still linked to traditionally ‘female’ sections, and they appear more frequently in news considered less important in terms of extension and publication day. The gender of the reporter also matters since female journalists tend to include more women in the news they report than their male peers.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Perpetuating gender stereotypes via the internet? an analysis of the women’s presence in Spanish online newspapers|
|Keywords:||newspapers, gender representation, stereotypes, Internet, content analysis|
|Subjects:||L - Industrial Organization > L8 - Industry Studies: Services > L82 - Entertainment ; Media
L - Industrial Organization > L8 - Industry Studies: Services > L86 - Information and Internet Services ; Computer Software
J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J16 - Economics of Gender ; Non-labor Discrimination
|Depositing User:||Ricardo Gimeno|
|Date Deposited:||20. Sep 2011 19:33|
|Last Modified:||25. Sep 2015 04:39|
Armstrong, C. (2004). The Influence of Reporter Gender on Source Selection in Newspaper Stories. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 81(1), 139–54.
Aven, F.F, Parker, B. & McEvoy, G.M. (1993). Gender and attitudinal commitment to organizations: A meta-analysis. Journal of Business Research, 26, 63-73.
Bueno Abad, J.R. (1996). Estudio longitudinal de la presencia de la mujer en los medios de comunicación de prensa escrita. Valencia: Nau Llibres.
Cann, D.J. & Mohr, P.B. (2001). Journalist and source gender in Australian television news. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 45, 162–185.
Carter, C. & Steiner, L. (2004). Mapping the Contested Terrain of Media and Gender Research. In Carter C. & Steiner L. (eds.) Critical Readings: Media and Gender (pp. 11–36). Maidenhead: Open University Press.
Craft, S. & Wanta W. (2004). Women in the Newsroom: Influences of Female Editors and Reporters on the News Agenda. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 81(1), 124–38.
Creedon, P.J.(ed.) (1993). Women in Mass Communication (2nd ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Desmond, R. & Danilewicz, A. (2010). Women are on, but not in, the news: Gender roles in local television news. Sex Roles, 62, 822-829.
Dodd-McCue, D., & Wright, G.B. (1996). Men, women, and attitudinal commitment: The effects of workplace experiences and socialization. Human Relations, 49, 1065-1091.
Eastman, S.T., & Billings, A.C. (2000). Sportscasting and sports reporting: The power of gender bias. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 24, 192–213.
Eliassi-Rad, T. & Shavlik, J. (2003). A System for Building Intelligent Agents that Learn to Retreieve and Extract Information. User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction, 13(1-2), 35-88.
Fagoaga, C. & Secanella, P. (1984). Umbral de presencia de las mujeres en la prensa española. Madrid: Serie Estudios.
Franquet, R., Luzón V., & Ramajo N. (2007). News in the Principal On-line Mass Media. Studying Gender Representation. Zer. Revista de Estudios de Comunicación, 12(22), 267-282.
Fraser, N. (1995). Pragmatism, Feminism, and the Linguistic Turn. In S. Benhabib, J. Butler, D. Cornell & N. Fraser (Eds.), Feminist Contentions (pp. 157–171). New York: Routledge.
Gallagher, M. (2006). Who Makes the News? London: World Association for Christian Communication.
Gallagher, M. (2010). Who makes the news? Global Media Monitoring Project 2010. Toronto: Word Association for Christian Communication.
Gallego, J. (1998). Génere i informació. Barcelona: Associació de Dones Periodistas.
Gunter, B. (2000). Media research methods. London: Sage.
Hausmann, R., Tyson, D. L. & Zahidi, S. (2009). The global gender gap report. Geneva: Word Economic Forum.
Kahn, K.F. (1994). The Distorted Mirror: Press Coverage of Women Candidates for Statewide Office. Journal of Politics, 56, 154-173.
Kanervo, D. & Kanvervo, E. (1995). Small Town CEO's Views on Newspaper Coverage. Newspaper Research Journal, 16, 29-41.
Krippendorff, K. (2004). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Kushmerick, N. (2000a). Wrapper induction: Efficiency and expressiveness. Artificial Intelligence, 118(1-2), 15-68.
Kushmerick, N. (2000b). Wrapper verification. World Wide Web Journal, 3(2), 79-94.
Lavie, A., & Lehman-Wilzig, S. (2003). Whose news? Does gender determine the editorial product? European Journal of Communication, 18, 5–29.
Len-Ríos, M.E., Rodgers, S., Thorson, E. & Yoon D. (2005). Representation of Women in News and Photos: Comparing Content to Perceptions. Journal of Communication, 55(1), 152–168.
Liebler, C. & Smith S. (1997). Tracking Gender Differences: A Comparative Analysis of Network Correspondents and their Sources. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 41(1), 58–68.
Lobel, T.E., Rothman G., Abramovizt E., & Ziva M. (1999). Self-Perception and Deceptive Behavior: The Uniqueness of Feminine Males. Sex Roles, 41(7–8), 577–587.
Lobo, P. & Cabecinhas, R. (2011). The negotiation of meanings in the evening news: Towards an understanding of gender disadvantages in the access to the public debate. International Communication Gazette, 72, 339-358.
Mills, K. (1997). What Difference do Women Journalists Make? In P. Norris (Ed.) Women, Media and Politics (pp. 41–55). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
NIELSEN NETRATING (2006). Panel De Hogar. Data nov.05-apr.06.
Pedersen, P.M. (2003). Examining stereotypical written and photographic reporting on the sports page: An analysis of newspaper coverage of interscholastic athletics. Women in Sport & Physical Activity Journal, 12, 67–75.
Price, C. & Wulff S. (2005). Does Sex Make a Difference? Job Satisfaction of Television Network News Correspondents. Women’s Studies in Communication, 28(2), 207–234.
Riffe, D., Aust, C.F., & Lacy, S.R. (1993). The effectiveness of random, consecutive day and constructed week sampling in newspaper content analysis. Journalism Quarterly, 70, 133–139.
Rodgers, S., & Thorson, E. (2000). “Fixing” stereotypes in news photos: A synergistic approach with the Los Angeles Times. Visual Communication Quarterly, 55(7), 8–11.
Rodgers, S. & Thorson, E. (2003). A Socialization Perspective on Male and Female Reporting. International Journal of Communication, 53(4), 658–675.
Ross, K. (2007). The Journalist, the Housewife, the Citizen and the Press: Women and Men as Sources in Local News Narratives. Journalism, 8(4), 449–473.
Royo-Vela, M., Aldas-Manzano, J., Küster, I. & Vila, N. (2008). Adaptation of marketing Activities to Cultural and Social Context: Gender Role Portrayals and Sexism in Spanish commercials. Sex Roles, 58, 379-390.
Schultz, B., & Sheffer, M. L. (2007). Sports journalists who blog cling to traditional values. Newspaper Research Journal, 28(4), 62–76.
Shoemaker, P. & Reese S. (1996). Mediating the Message: Theories of Influence on Mass Media Content (2nd ed.). New York: Longman.
Spears, G., Seydegart, K. & Gallagher, M. (2000). Who Makes the News? The Global Media Monitoring Project 2000. London: Word Association for Christian Communication.
Sutcliffe, J., Lee, M., & Soderlund, W. (2005). Women and crisis reporting: Coverage of television news coverage of political crises in the Caribbean. Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, 10, 99–124.
Swert, de K. & Hooghe, M. (2010). When do women get a voice? Explaining the presence of female news sources in Belgian news broadcast (2003-5). European Journal of Communication, 25(1), 69-84.
Valls-Fernández, F. & Martínez-Vicente, J.M. (2007). Gender Stereotypes in Spanish Television Commercials. Sex Roles, 56, 691-699.
Van Zoonen, L. (1994). Feminist Media Studies. London: Sage.
Van Zoonen, L. (2003). Gendering the Internet: Claims, controversies and cultures. European Journal of Communication, 17(3), 5–23.
Weaver, D. & Cleveland W.G. (1992). The American Journalist: A Portrait of US News People and their Works. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Zoch, L.M. & Turk J.V. (1998). Women Making News: Gender as a Variable in Source Selection and Use. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 75(4), 762–75.