Amjad, Rashid (2006): Why Pakistan must break-into the knowledge economy. Published in:
Download (117kB) | Preview
The author emphasizes in this paper that this was the moment in Pakistan’s economic trajectory for it to learn to leap frog technologically from a labor intensive economy, by passing the intermediate stages of resource based and scale based activities, to a knowledge based economy. A knowledge based economy is one that bases its growth not on increasing capital or land or labor inputs, but on knowledge. The transition required is considerable, the author points out.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Why Pakistan must break-into the knowledge economy|
|Keywords:||Knowledge Economy, Economics of Education, Technical Efficiency, Pakistan|
|Subjects:||I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I2 - Education and Research Institutions > I22 - Educational Finance ; Financial Aid|
|Depositing User:||khurram iqbal|
|Date Deposited:||30. Nov 2011 12:25|
|Last Modified:||16. Mar 2015 04:44|
Amjad, Rashid, 2005, Skills and Competitiveness: Can Pakistan break out of the Low-level Skills Trap, paper presented at the 21st Annual General Meeting of the Pakistan Society of Development Economists (Iqbal Memorial Lecture), Islamabad 19-21st December 2005 (Forthcoming Special Issue Pakistan Development Review).
Cowan, Robin and Geert van de Paal, 2002, European Innovation Policy in the Knowledge-Based Economy, Brussels, European Commission, DG-Enterprises, 2000.
Friedman, Thomas, 2005, The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Globalized World in the 21st Century, Allen Lane, Penguin Books, London, England
International Social Science Journal, 2002, The Knowledge Society, No. 171, Blackwell Publishing/UNESCO.
Lall, Sanjay and John Weiss, 2004, Industrial Competitiveness: The Challenge for Pakistan, ADB Institute-Pakistan Resident Mission, ADB Pakistan, Resident Mission, Islamabad.
Lucas, R.F., 1993, “Making a miracle”, in Econometrica (New Haven. Conn), Vol.61, No. 2, 1993.
Malik, Hamid, 2006, ‘IT Sector in Pakistan: Major Constraints to growth with special emphasis on Human Resources Development’, Background paper prepared for the ILO’s Employment and Skills Forum (2006), Islamabad, (unpublished).
Mansell, Robin and Uta When, 1998, Knowledge Societies: Information Technology for Sustainable Development, United Nations Commission on Science and Technology Development, United Nations, Oxford University Press, New York.
OECD, 1999, Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 1999: Benchmarking Knowledge-Based Economies, Brussels (www.oecd.org/sti/scoreboard).
OECD, 2005, Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2005, Brussels
Planning Commission, Government of Pakistan, 2006, Approach Paper Strategic Directions to Achieve Vision 2030, Islamabad (www.pakistan.gov.pk/ministries/planning and development-ministry/ vision2030htm.)
Planning Commission, Government of Pakistan, 2005, Medium Term Development Framework 2005-10, Planning Commission, Islamabad.
Romer, P., 1993, “Two strategies for economic development: Using ideas and producing ideas”, in Proceedings of the World Bank Annual Conference on Development Economics 1993 (Washington D.C., World Bank).
Romer, P., 1990, “Endogenous technological change”, in Journal of Political Economy (Chicago), Vol. 98, No. 5, Part 2.
UNIDO, 2005, Industrial Development Report 2005: Capability Building for Catching Up-Historical, Empirical and Policy Dimension, Vienna (www.unido.org/doc/5156.