Oni, Omobowale A. and Adepoju, Temitayo A. (2011): A capability approach to the analysis of rural households' wellbeing in Nigeria.
Download (162kB) | Preview
Rural households in Nigeria have been characterized as poor, and with little opportunity for development. Many studies have equated poverty with well being, however empirical literature on well being is less researched. This paper attempts bridge the knowledge gap in the empirical literature of well being studies and specifically the use of the capability approach in its application in the Nigerian well being context which is not as well researched as poverty studies. The study made use of the Nigerian Core welfare indices survey questionnaires of 2006 to provide data relevant to capability well being dimensions. The dimensions include housing, health, nutrition, education, asset ownership/economic, information flow and security. The first part of the study involve developing indices of well being using the fuzzy set in order to generate a composite well being index by the elementary indicators of the well being dimensions. The second part of the study used a logistic regression to explore the variability in achieving the composite well being index value by a set of Conversion factors. The fuzzy set result revealed that the capability to attain a desired state of well being is highest with respect to asset ownership and lowest with respect to security. The logistic analysis shows that the predicted probability of attaining the mean capability well being level increases for male headed rural households, increasing educational level and age of the head, increasing household size, employment in the public sector and residence in any other geopolitical zone except the Northwestern zone.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||A capability approach to the analysis of rural households' wellbeing in Nigeria|
|Keywords:||Well being, Capability, Rural Households, Nigeria|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D69 - Other
I - Health, Education, and Welfare > I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty > I31 - General Welfare, Well-Being
|Depositing User:||Temitayo Adenike Adepoju|
|Date Deposited:||04. Nov 2011 02:01|
|Last Modified:||13. Feb 2013 15:32|
Adisa A L, Agunbiade O M, Akanmu O E,( 2000): House ownership as a well being index among retirees in osun state, Nigeria. The Journal of International Social Research, Volume 1/5, Fall,2008.
Alkire S.,(2007): Multidimensional Poverty: How to Choose Dimensions; Human Development and Capability Association(HDCA), February, 2007
Anand P., Hunter G. and Ron Smith, (2004): Capabilities and Well being; Evidence based on Sen- Nussbaum Approach to Welfare. The Open University, Milton Keynes.
Bowling A., (2010): Do older and younger people differ in their reported well being? A National Survey of Adults in Britain. Oxford Journals, Medicine, Family Practice, Volume 28, Issue 2. Pp 145- 155
Canadian Index of well being: posted on www4.hrdc.gc.ca
Chiappero E. M.,(2000): A Multidimensional Assessment of Well being based on Sen’s Functioning Approach.Forthcoming in Rivista Internazionale Di Scienze Sociali, n. 2, 2000.
Clark, D. A. (2005a); Sen’s Capabilities approach and the many spaces of human well being; Journal of Development studies, Vol 41, No 8, November, 2005, Pp 1339-1368
(2005b): Capability Approach: its development, critic and recent advances. Economic, Social And Research Council, Global Poverty Research Group, Working Paper 32
De Muro P., (2010): Rethinking Rural Well being and Poverty. FAO, 3rd WYE City Project
Easterlin R.A.,(2003): Building a Better Theory of Well being; Presented at Conference’ Paradoxes of Happiness, University of Milano-Bicocca, March ,2003
Frey B S and Stutzer A,(2002): What can Economists learn from Happiness Research? Journal of Economic Literature, vol 40, 2002, pp 402-435
Ijaiya M. A., Ijaiya G. T.,Bello R.A ,Ijaiya M. A and Ajayi M. A., (2009): Income Diversification and Household Well being in Ilorin Metropolis, Nigeria; International Journal of Business Management, Economics and Information Technology, Vol 1, No1.
Kingdon G.and Knight J. (2004): Subjective well being versus income poverty and capabilities poverty? Global Poverty research group, Centre for the study of African Economies. GPRGWPS-003
Kubi K.,Ampomah E. A. and Ahorto C. N.,(2007): Multidimensional Analysis of Poverty in Ghana Using the Fuzzy Sets Theory; Poverty and Economic Policy, PMMA Working Paper 2007-21
Kuklys W, (2005): Amartya Sen’s Capability Approach(theoretical insight and empirical applications), Springer, Berlin.
Majumder A., (2006): The State and Plight of Indian Women: a multidimensional Assessment of Wellbeing based on Sen’s Functioning Approach.
(2009): Capability and Women’s Well being in India: Empirical Study Based on National Family Health Survey 2&3.
Narayan D, Chambers R Shaha M.K and Petesch P, (2000): Voices of the poor; Crying out for a change. Oxford University Press.
Njong A.M. And Ningaye P., (2008): Characterising Weights in Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty: An application of Data Driven Aproaches to Cameroonian Data: OPHI Working Paper 21
Oyekale A S and Okumadewa F Y, (2008): Fuzzy Set Approah to Multidimensional Poverty in Abai State Nigeria. Research Journal of Applied Science, Medwell Journals, 2008
Oyekale T. O , Okumadewa F. Y., Omonona B. T. and Oni O. A, (2009): Fuzzy Set Approach to Multidimensional Poverty Decomposition in Rural Nigeria. The Icfai Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol IV, Nos 3&4, July & October, 2009, Pp 7-44.
Robeyns I.,(2005): The capability approach, a theoretical Survey. Journal of Human Development, Vol 6 No 1, March 2005.
Stevenson B. and Wolfers J. (2008); Economic growth and subjective well being: Reassessing the Easterlin Paradox. National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper Series 14282
The Economist, 2010: Age and Happiness: The U Bend of Life. December 16, 2010(Print Edition).
Yee D., (2003): Book Review: Development as Freedom, David Yee Book Review.
Zadeh L A, (1965): Fuzzy Sets. Department of Electrical of Electrical Engineering and Electronic Research Library, University of California; Information and Control, Vol 8, Pp 338 -353, 1965.