Smith, John (2010): The endogenous nature of the measurement of social preferences.
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We present evidence against the standard assumptions that social preferences are stable and can be measured in a reliable, nonintrusive manner. Researchers often measure social preferences by posing dictator type allocation decisions. The Social Value Orientation (SVO) is a particular sequence of dictator decisions. We vary the order in which the SVO and a larger stakes dictator game are presented. In our first study, we find that prosocial subjects act even more prosocially when the SVO is administered first, whereas selfish subjects are unaffected by the order. We also find that, among subjects with consistent responses on the SVO measure, the subjects who first receive the SVO are more generous in the dictator game than are such subjects who receive the SVO last. In our second study, we vary the order of the SVO and a nonstandard dictator game. We find evidence across all subjects that those who first receive the SVO are more generous in the dictator game but we do not find the effect among only the generous subjects. We again find that subjects with a perfectly consistent SVO measure are more generous when the SVO is given first. Although we cannot determine whether the timing affects preferences or the measure of preferences, our results are incompatible with the assumptions that social preferences are stable and can be measured in a reliable, nonintrusive manner.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||The endogenous nature of the measurement of social preferences|
|Keywords:||experimental economics; social values; dictator game; social value orientation|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D64 - Altruism ; Philanthropy
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology ; Social and Economic Stratification
C - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods > C9 - Design of Experiments > C91 - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
|Depositing User:||John Smith|
|Date Deposited:||29. Nov 2011 12:16|
|Last Modified:||16. Feb 2013 10:23|
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The endogenous nature of the measurement of social preferences. (deposited 14. Jun 2010 10:08)
The endogenous nature of the measurement of social preferences. (deposited 01. Mar 2011 01:14)
The endogenous nature of the measurement of social preferences. (deposited 29. Nov 2011 00:04)
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- The endogenous nature of the measurement of social preferences. (deposited 29. Nov 2011 00:04)
- The endogenous nature of the measurement of social preferences. (deposited 01. Mar 2011 01:14)