Munich Personal RePEc Archive

Profitability and industrial concentration in Pakistan

Amjad, Rashid (1977): Profitability and industrial concentration in Pakistan. Published in:


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Industrial concentration has been an important political issue in Pakistan. White [1974} recently established a relationship between concentration and the return on capital in a sample of company accounts. This study, based on census material, reexamines the problem with a wider coverage and using the pricecost margin, rather than the return on capital, as the measure of profitability. Concentration and a number of other variables are related to price-cost margins in twenty-five industries between 1965-70. Concentration emerges as the most important explanatory variable but the level of imports and capacity utilisation are also significant.

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