Dang, Anh (2011): Cooperation makes beliefs: climate variation and sources of social trust in Vietnam.
Download (729kB) | Preview
I investigate the origins of social trust within Vietnam. Combining a unique contemporary survey of households with historic data on climate variation, I show that individuals who were heavily threatened by negative climate fluctuation exhibit more trust in neighbors and other people in close group. The evidence indicates that the effects of climate variation on social trust transmitted through strengthening the cooperation among village peasants in coping with risk and uncertainty. The results also indicate that households with higher proportion of agricultural incomes tend to rely more on village members in the case of emergency. However, the increased village relationship does not erode family ties.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Cooperation makes beliefs: climate variation and sources of social trust in Vietnam|
|English Title:||ooperation Makes Beliefs: Climate Variation and Sources of Social Trust in Vietnam|
|Keywords:||Climate variation; social trust; Vietnam|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O13 - Agriculture ; Natural Resources ; Energy ; Environment ; Other Primary Products
Z - Other Special Topics > Z1 - Cultural Economics ; Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology > Z13 - Economic Sociology ; Economic Anthropology ; Social and Economic Stratification
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q5 - Environmental Economics > Q54 - Climate ; Natural Disasters and Their Management ; Global Warming
|Depositing User:||Anh D Dang|
|Date Deposited:||13. Feb 2012 02:58|
|Last Modified:||11. Feb 2013 18:50|
Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S. and Robinson, J.A. (2001). ‘The colonial origins of comparative development: an empirical investigation’, American Economic Review, vol. 91, pp. 1369-1401
Acemoglu, D., S. Johnson, and J. Robinson. (2002). “Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117, 1231-1294.
Alesina, Alberto, and Paola Giuliano (2010). “The Power of the Family.” Journal of Economic Growth, 15, 93–125
Alesina, Alberto, and Eliana La Ferrara, 2002. “Who Trusts Others?” Journal of Public Economics, 85: 207–234.
Alesina, Alberto, and Nicola Fuchs-Schundeln (2007). “Good Bye Lenin (or not?). The Effect of Communism on People’s Preferences.” American Economic Review, 97(4), 1507–1528.
Algan, Yann, and Pierre Cahuc (2010). “Inherited Trust and Growth.” American Economic Review, 100(5), 2060–2092.
Altonji, Joseph G., Todd E. Elder, and Christopher R. Taber, “Selection on Observed and Unobserved Variables: Assessing the Effectiveness of Catholic Schools,” Journal of Political Economy, 113 (2005), 151–184.
Banfield, Edward C. (1958). The Moral Basis of a Backward Society. Free Press, New York.
Bellows, John, and Edward Miguel, “War and Collective Action in Sierra Leone,” Journal of Public Economics, 1112 (2009), 1144–1157.
Bich, Pham, V. 1999. The Vietnamese Family in Change: The Case of the Red River Delta. Surrey, Great Britain: Curzon Press.
Bisin, Alberto, and Thierry Verdier (2001). “The Economics of Cultural Transmission and the Evolution of Preferences.” Journal of Economic Theory, 97(2), 298–319
Bjørnskov, C., “Determinants of generalized trust: A cross-country comparison,” Public Choice, 2007, 130 (1), 1–21
CIEM, DOE, ILSSA and IPSARD, 2007, ‘Characteristics of the Vietnamese Rural Economy: Evidence from a 2006 Rural Household Survey in 12 Provinces of Vietnam’, Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi.
Dalton R., Pham Minh Hac, Pham Thanh Nghi and Nhu-Ngoc T. Ong. 2002. “Social Relations and Social Capital in Vietnam: Findings from 2001 World Values Survey.” Comparative Sociology 1:369-386.
Dalton, Russell J and Nhu-Ngoc T.Ong. Civil Society and Social Capital in Vietnam, Centre for the Study of Democracy, University of California, Irvine.
Dohmen, T. J., A. Falk, D. Huffman, and U. Sunde, “The Intergenerational Transmission of Risk and Trust Attitudes,” CEPR Discussion Papers 6844, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers May 2008.
Dumont, Rémi, 1935. ‘La Culture du Riz dans le Delta du Tonkin [Rice cultivation in the Tonkin Delta]’, Sociéte d’Editions Géographiques, Maritimes et Coloniales, Paris.
Durante, R. (2010). ‘Risk, cooperation and the economic origins of social trust: an empirical investigation’, Job Market Paper, Brown University
Ermish, John, and Diego Gambetta (2008). “Do Strong Family Ties Inhibit Trust?” ISER Working Paper 2008–37
Francois, Patrick, and Tanguy van Ypersele, 2008 “Doux Commerces: Does Market Competition Cause Trust?”, mimeo, University of British Columbia.
Gourou, Pierre, 1936. Les Paysans du Delta Tonkinois [Peasants of the Tonkin Delta], L’Ecole Francaise d’Extrême-Orient, Paris.
Guiso, Luigi, Paola Sapienza, and Luigi Zingales (2006). “Does Culture Affect Economic Outcomes?” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20(2), 23–48.
Guiso, L., Sapienza, P. and Zingales, L. (2004). ‘The role of social capital in financial development’, American Economic Review, vol. 94, pp. 526-56.
Guiso, L., Sapienza, P. and Zingales, L. (2008). “Long Term Persistence,” Working Paper 14278, National Bureau of Economic Research, August 2008.
Guiso, Luigi, Paola Sapienza, and Luigi Zingales (2008b). “Social Capital as Good Culture.” Journal of the European Economic Association, 6(2–3): 295–320
Great Britain, Naval Intelligence Branch, 1943. Indo-China, Geographical Handbook, B.R. 510, London
Hall, R., and C. Jones (1999). “Why do some countries produce so much more output per worker than others?” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114(1), pp. 83-116.
Hendry, James B, 1964. The Small World of Khanh Hau, Aldine, Chicago.
Iannaccone, Laurence R., 1998. "Introduction to the Economics of Religion," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, 36(3), 1465-1495.
James Edward Goodman, 2005. Uniquely Vietnamese, The Gioi Publishing House, Hanoi
Jutting, J., Drechsler, D., Bartsch, S., and I. de Soysa. 2007. Informal institutions: how social norms help or hinder development, OECD Development Centre: Paris.
Levitsky, S and Helmke G. 2004. Informal Institutions and Comparative Politics: A Research Agenda, Perspectives on Politics. 2(4):725-740
Kandori, Michihiro. 1992. “Social Norms and Community Enforcement.” Review of Economic Studies, 59(1): 63–80
Katz, H.A. and J.B. Rotter, 1969. “Interpersonal trust scores of college students and their parents,” Child Development, 657–661.
Mark W. McLeod and Dieu Nguyen, Culture and Customs of Vietnam, Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut, London, 2001.
Mobius, Markus, and Adam Szeidl. 2007. “Trust and Social Collateral”, National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper 13126
North, D. (1991). “Institutions, institutional change and economic developmet”, Cambridge University Press. NewYork
Nunn, Nathan and Puga, Diego, 2011. ‘Ruggedness: The Blessing of Bad Geography in Africa’, Review of Economics and Statistics, forthcoming Nunn, N. and Wantchekon, L., 2011. ‘The Slave Trade and the Origins of Mistrust in Africa’, American Economic Review, forthcoming.
Olken, Benjamin A. 2009. "Do Television and Radio Destroy Social Capital? Evidence from Indonesian Villages." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 1(4): 1–33. Putnam, R., ‘Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community’, New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.
Putnam, R.D., Leonardi, R. and Nanetti, R.Y. (1993). Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Rodrik, D., A. Subramanian, and F. Trebbi. (2004). “Institutions Rule: the Primacy of Institutions over Geography and Integration in Economic Development,” Journal of Economic Growth, 9, 131-165. Ronald J. Cima, ed. Vietnam: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1987. http://countrystudies.us/vietnam/ Tan, Jonathan H.W., and Vogel Claudia, 2008. ‘Religion and Trust: Experimental Study’, Journal of Economic Psychology, 29(6): 832-848
Terry Rambo, 2005. Searching for Vietnam: Selected Writings on Vietnamese Culture and Society, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University Press.
Ngoc Them Tran, 1997. Cơ sở văn hóa Việt Nam (Vietnam’s cultural foundation), Educational Publishing House, Hanoi.
Terry Rambo, 1979. A Comparison of Peasant Social Systems of Northern and Southern Viet Nam: A Study of Ecological Adaptation, Social Succession and Cultural Evolution, Center for Vietnamese Studies, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.
Tabellini, Guido (2010). “Culture and Institutions: Economic Development in the Regions of Europe”, Journal of the European Economic Association, 8, 677–716.
Tabellini, Guido, 2008. “The Scope of cooperation: norms and incentives,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 123 (3), 905–950
Available Versions of this Item
Cooperation makes beliefs: climate variation and sources of social trust in Vietnam. (deposited 13. Feb 2012 02:58)
- Cooperation makes beliefs: climate variation and sources of social trust in Vietnam. (deposited 18. Feb 2012 12:23)