Morettini, Gabriele and Presbitero, Andrea F. and Tamberi, Massimo (2012): Determinants of international migrations to Italian provinces.
Download (103kB) | Preview
International migration flows constitute one of the most policy-relevant elements of modern economies. The Italian experience is a case of particular interest given the rapid growth of immigration flows, the large number of countries of origin involved, and regional economic heterogeneity. This paper analyses the bilateral stocks of migrants coming from 142 countries and living in 103 Italian provinces to ascertain what characteristics of home countries and destination provinces are associated with international migrations. The results of the estimation of a gravity model on the stock of migrants show that economic, demographic and institutional variables are correlated with migration patterns. In light of the recent Arab Spring, it is interesting to note that migrants come to Italy predominantly from geographically close, democratic and middle-income countries.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Determinants of international migrations to Italian provinces|
|Keywords:||International migrations, Italy, Gravity model|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business > F22 - International Migration
R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics > R1 - General Regional Economics > R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity
O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O5 - Economywide Country Studies > O52 - Europe
|Depositing User:||Andrea Filippo Presbitero|
|Date Deposited:||31. Jan 2012 13:41|
|Last Modified:||08. Sep 2015 12:54|
Anderson, J.E., (2011) The Gravity Model, Annual Review of Economics, 3: 133-160.
Barone, G. and S. Mocetti (2011) With a little help from abroad: The effect of low-skilled immigration on the female labour supply, Labour Economics, Vol. 18, No. 5, pp. 664-675.
Beine, M., F. Docquier and C. Ozden (2011) Diasporas, Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 95, No. 1, pp. 30-41.
Bianchi, M., P. Pinotti and P. Bonanno (2011) Do Immigrants Cause Crime?, Journal of the European Economic Association, forthcoming.
Blanchflower, D.G. (2009) International evidence on well-being, NBER Chapters, in: Krueger, A.B. (ed.) Measuring the Subjective Well-Being of Nations: National Accounts of Time Use and Well-Being, pp. 155-226, National Bureau of Economic Research.
Borjas G.J. (1994) The economics of immigration, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 32, pp. 1667-1717.
Bratti, M., De Benedictis, L. and G. Santoni (2011) On the Pro-Trade Effect of Immigrants, unpublished, Available at: http://works.bepress.com/luca_de_benedictis/21
Brücker, H. and B. Siliverstovs (2006) On the estimation and forecasting of international migration: how relevant is heterogeneity across countries?, Empirical Economics, Vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 735-754.
Cheibub, J.A., J. Gandhi and J.R.Vreeland (2009) Democracy and dictatorship revisited, Public Choice, Vol. 143, No.1-2, pp. 67-101.
Cingranelli, D.L. and D.L. Richards (2010) The Cingranelli-Richards (CIRI) Human Rights Dataset, Version 2010.05.17, available at: http://www.humanrightsdata.org
Clark, X., T.J. Hatton and J.G. Williamson (2007) Explaining US immigration, 1971-1998, Review of Economics and Statistics, May, Vol. 89, No. 2, pp. 359–373.
Docquier, F., B. Lindsay Lowell and A. Marfouk (2009), A Gendered Assessment of Highly Skilled Emigration, Population and Development Review, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 297-321.
Dreher, A. (2006) Does Globalization Affect Growth? Evidence from a new Index of Globalization, Applied Economics, Vol. 38, No. 10, pp. 1091-1110.
Dreher, A., N. Gaston and P. Martens (2008) Measuring Globalisation – Gauging its Consequences, New York: Springer.
Freeman, R.B. (2006) People Flows in Globalization, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 145-170.
Jayet, H., N. Ukrayinchuk and G. De Arcangelis (2010) The Location of Immigrants in Italy: Disentangling Networks and Local Effects, Annals of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 97/98, pp. 329-352.
Karemera, D., V.I. Oguledo and B. Davis (2000) A Gravity Model Analysis of International Migration to North America, Applied Economics, Vol. 32, No. 13, pp. 1745-55.
King, R., A. Fielding and R. Black (1997) The International Migration Turnaround in Southern Europe, in R. Kind and R. Black (eds) Southern Europe and the New Immigrations, Brighton: Sussex Academic Press.
King, R. and N. Ribas-Mateos (2002) Towards a diversity of migratory types and context in Southern Europe, Studi Emigrazione, Vol. 39, No. 145, pp. 5–26.
Lewer, J.J. and H. Van den Berg (2008) A gravity model of immigration, Economic Letters, Vol. 99, No. 1, pp. 164-167.
Lewer, J.J., G. Pacheco and S. Rossouw (2012) Do Non-Economic Quality of Life Factors Drive Immigration?, Social Indicators Research, forthcoming.
Liu, B. (1975) Differential Net Migration rates and the Quality of Life, Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 57, No. 3, pp. 329-337.
Loayza, N.V. and J. Rigolini (2011) Informal Employment: Safety Net or Growth Engine?, World Development, 39(9): 1503-1515.
Mayda, A. (2010) International migration: a panel data analysis of the determinants of bilateral flows, Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 1249-1274.
Ortega, F. and G. Peri (2009) The Causes and Effects of International Migrations: Evidence from OECD Countries 1980-2005, NBER Working Paper no. 14833.
Ottaviano, G. and G. Peri (2012) Rethinking the Effect of Immigration on Wages, Journal of the European Economic Association, forthcoming.
Peri, G. (2012) The Effect of Immigration on Productivity: Evidence from U.S. States”, Review of Economics and Statistics, forthcoming.
Peri G. and Requena F. (2010) The Trade Creation Effect of Immigrants: Evidence from the Remarkable Case of Spain, Canedian Journal of Economics, Vol. 43, No. 4, pp. 1433-1459.
Santos Silva, J. and S. Tenreyro (2006) The Log of Gravity, Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 641-658.
Schneider, F. and A. Buehn (2007) Shadow Economies and Corruption All Over the World: Revised Estimates for 120 Countries, Economics: The Open-Access, Open-Assessment E-Journal, Vol. 1, 2007-9 (Version 2).
Stark, O. (1991) The Migration of Labor, Oxford and Cambridge, MA: Blackwell United Nations (2010) World Population Policies, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, New York: United Nations.
Venturini, A. and C. Villosio C. (2006) Labour market effects of immigration into Italy: an empirical analysis, International Migration Review, Vol. 45, No.1-2, pp. 91-118.
Vertovec, S. (2006) The emergence of super-diversity in Britain, Centre on Migration, Policy And Society Working Paper no. 25, University of Oxford, Oxford.
Visco, I. (2008) Invecchiamento della popolazione, immigrazione, crescita economica, Rivista Italiana degli Economisti, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 209-244.