Iqbal, Muhammad and Ahmad, Munir and Abbas, Kalbe (2003): The Impact of Institutional Credit on Agricultural Production in Pakistan. Published in: The Pakistan Development Review , Vol. 4, No. 42 (2003): pp. 469-485.
Download (233kB) | Preview
Agricultural credit plays an important role in enhancing the agricultural productivity in developing countries like Pakistan. The study discusses various indicators of agricultural credit in Pakistan and presents results of estimated production function using institutional credit as one of the explanatory variables. Over the years, increased percentage of agricultural GDP has been disbursed as institutional credit. During the study period disbursement of institutional credit per cropped hectare also depicted an increasing trend in nominal terms. However, it declined in real terms from late 1980’s to early 1990s. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Limited (ZTBL)-- formerly known as Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan (ADBP), provides the major share of institutional credit. The share of production loans in total loan advanced has been increasing during 1980-81 to 1986-87 and after mid 1990’s. It shows multiple shifts in credit policy from loans for fixed capital to advances for operational capital during the study period. The OLS estimates of the production function revealed that institutional credit affects agricultural production positively. Water availability at the farm gate, labor, and cropping intensity are the other important variables that affect agricultural output positively. However, the shocks like floods, cotton leaf curl virus (CLCV), and drought have caused significant decline in agricultural output during certain years.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Institution:||Pakistan Institute of Development Economics|
|Original Title:||The Impact of Institutional Credit on Agricultural Production in Pakistan|
|Keywords:||institutional credit; agricultural production; production function|
|Subjects:||Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture|
|Depositing User:||Muhammad Iqbal|
|Date Deposited:||22. Jun 2007|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 12:56|
Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan (Various Issues) Agricultural Credit Indicators. Islamabad: Central Information Department, MIS Division. Carter, M. R. (1989) The Impact of Credit on Peasant Productivity and Differentiation in Nicaragua. Journal of Development Economics 31, 13–36. Pakistan, Government of (2003) Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan 2001-2002. Islamabad: Economic Wing, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock. Pakistan, Government of (2003) Economic Survey 2002-2003. Islamabad: Economic Advisor’s Wing, Finance Division. Pakistan, Government of (1988) Report of the National Commission on Agriculture. Islamabad: Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock. Qureshi, Sarfraz Khan, and Akhtiar H. Shah (1992) A Critical Review of Rural Credit Policy in Pakistan. The Pakistan Development Review 31:4, 781–801. Yusuf, Muhammad (1984) In Farm Credit Situation in Asia. Tokyo: Asian Productivity Organisation. 455–494. Zuberi, Habib A. (1989) Production Function, Institutional Credit and Agricultural Development in Pakistan. The Pakistan Development Review 28:1, 43–56.