Maggioni, Daniela (2010): Learning by exporting in Turkey: an investigation for existence and channels.
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Using a rich longitudinal database at the plant level, I shed new light on the causal nexus between exports and productivity for Turkey, a middle-income country. I find evidence for both self-selection into exporting and learning-by-exporting. My main focus is on post-entry effects. To test this hypothesis I follow recent empirical literature and I apply the Propensity Score Matching and a Difference-in-Difference estimator. I find a higher labour productivity and TFP growth for exporting firms in the entry year and some years following the entry. Exports seem to place firms on a superior productivity path. My main contribution is to show the strict linkage between export and import activity: export starters often start also importing. Learning by exporting effects hold when I control for the role of imports and I verify larger productivity gains for firms which start exporting and importing at the same time. Finally, in order to verify if post-entry effects are not only scale eects but work through competition channel and/or technology transfers, I look for a heterogeneity according to the sectoral productivity gap between the domestic market and foreign trade partners. I verify a different timing of efficiency improvements between comparative advantage and disadvantage sectors.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Learning by exporting in Turkey: an investigation for existence and channels|
|Keywords:||Exports; Self selection; Learning-by-exporting; Imports|
|Subjects:||F - International Economics > F1 - Trade > F14 - Empirical Studies of Trade
D - Microeconomics > D2 - Production and Organizations > D24 - Production ; Cost ; Capital ; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity ; Capacity
|Depositing User:||Daniela Maggioni|
|Date Deposited:||07. Mar 2012 13:02|
|Last Modified:||12. Feb 2013 14:04|
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