Ravi, S.B. and Hrideek, T.K. and Kumar, A.T.K. and Prabhakaran, T.R. and Mal, B. and Padulosi, S. (2010): Mobilizing neglected and underutilized crops to strengthen food security and alleviate poverty in india. Published in: indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources , Vol. 1, No. 23 (2010): pp. 110-116.
Download (447kB) | Preview
The M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Chennai in collaboration with Bioversity International, Rome has been implementing a project on neglected and underutilized crops with the support of the International Fund for Agricultural Development, Rome. The neglected and underutilized crops chosen for this study included finger millet (Eleusine coracana), Italian or foxtail millet (Setaria italica) and little millet (Panicum sumatrense). Two locations where these crops have been traditionally under cultivation and intrinsically linked with food security, livelihood and cultural identity of local tribal communities, were chosen as target sites. These crops by virtue of their extremely high resilience to the harsh agro-climatic conditions, particularly in marginal soils, hilly terrain and under aberrant rainfall, are well adapted to offer a dependable level of food security to the poor. They are also valued for their better nutritious profile of the grains and high quality straw. The grains have high bio-available minerals, particularly calcium and iron, vitamins, dietary fibre, and other phyto-chemicals. Their unique physico-chemical composition renders them slow digestible and with low glycemic index, which is a valued nutraceutical property in food grains. The long shelf life of these grains is also an attribute preferred by the communities living in regions characterized by poor communication.
A unique aspect of this study was that major activities were carried out in farmer participatory mode with a location specific blend of traditional and scientific know how. Major activity components and their outcome in enhancing food and nutritional security and income generation of the communities discussed in the paper are participatory seed selection, shift from marginal to modern crop management, seed selection and quality seed production and sharing, promotion of local landraces, value addition of grain and value chain development to achieve enhanced income, particularly to farm women, multifaceted capacity building, strengthening of common property local infrastructure and creation of community institutions for building sustainability to the change. The paper also discusses the increasing relevance of these crop species in the context of advancing climate change.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Mobilizing neglected and underutilized crops to strengthen food security and alleviate poverty in india|
|Keywords:||Food security, Underutilized crops, Millets, Value addition, Participatory variety selection, Gene-seed-grain bank, Self help groups, Landraces|
|Subjects:||D - Microeconomics > D6 - Welfare Economics > D61 - Allocative Efficiency ; Cost-Benefit Analysis|
|Depositing User:||Prabhakaran Tenkasi Raghu|
|Date Deposited:||20. Mar 2012 14:23|
|Last Modified:||08. Sep 2015 09:28|
Bala Ravi S (2004) Neglected millets that save the poor from starvation. LEISA India (1): 34-36.
Bala Ravi S, I Hoeschle-Zeledon, MS Swaminathan and E Frison (eds) (2006) Hunger and Poverty: The Role of Biodiversity. M S Swaminathan Research Foundation and IPGRI, India and Rome, 232p.
Chetan S and NG Malleshi (2007) Finger millet polyphenols: Characterization and their nutraceutical potential. Amer. J. Food Tech. 2(7): 582-589.
FAO (1995) Staple Foods: What do People Eat? Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy. http://www.fao.org/ docrep/U8480E/U8480E07.htm. Accessed 5 Nov. 2009.
Finnis E (2007) The political ecology of dietary transitions: Changing production and consumption patterns in the Kolli Hills, India. Agri. Human Values (2007) 24: 343-353.
Frison E, F Smith, T Johns, J Cherfas and PB Eyzaguirre (2006) Agricultural biodiversity, nutrition and health: making a difference to hunger and nutrition in the developing world.Food Nut. Bull, 27(2): 167-179.
GOI (2007) Poverty estimates for 2004-05. Press Information Bureau, Government of India. ttp://planningcommission.nic.in /news/prmar07.pdf, accessed on 14 Nov. 2009.
Hulse JH, EM Liang and OE Pearson (1980) Sorghum and the Millets: Their Composition and Nutritive Value. New York Academic Press. 1997p.
Malleshi H and SR Desikachar (1986) Nutritive value of malted millet flours. Qual. Plant. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr. 36:191-196.
MSSRF (2001) Community Grain Bank: An Instrument for Local Food Security. M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation and World Food Programme, Chennai and New Delhi, 181p.
Padulosi S and I Hoeschle-Zeledon (2004) Underutilized plant species: what are they? LEISA 20(1): 5-6.
Padulosi S, JR Noun, A Giulini, F Shuman, W Rojas and S Bala Ravi (2003) Realizing the benefits in neglected and underutilized plant species through technology transfer and human resources development. In PJ Schei, OT Sandlund and R Strand(eds). Proc. of the Norway/UN Conference on Technology Transfer and Capacity Building, June 23-27, 2003, Trondheim, Norway.
Padulosi S and I Hoeschle-Zeledon (2008) Crops for the Future:Paths out of Poverty. Strategic Plan 2009-2013, Bioversity International Regional Office for Asia, the Pacific and Oceania, Selangor, Malaysia. 16 p.
Prescott AR and AC Prescott (1990) How many plants feed the world? Conservation Biology 4: 365-374.
Swaminathan M (1995) Food Science, Chemistry and ExperimentalFoods. The Bangalore Printing & Publishing Co. Ltd. India, pp. 286-300.
Swaminathan MS (2005) Presidential address on Biodiversity and Millennium Development Goals. In S Bala Ravi, I Hoeschle- Zeledon, MS Swaminathan and E Frison (eds) Hunger and Poverty: The Role of Biodiversity, MS Swaminathan Research Foundation and IPGRI, India and Rome. pp 5-7.
Thies E (2000) Promising and Underutilized Species, Crops and Breeds. Deutsche Gesellschaft Für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, 23pp. http://www.ilri.org/html/thies3.pdf.
Thrupp LA (1998) Cultivating Diversity: Agrobiodiversity and Food Security. World Resources Institute, Washington DC, USA. 79 p.
Williams JT and N Haq (2002) Global Research on Underutilized Crops. An Assessment of Current Activities and Proposals forEnhanced Cooperation. ICUC, Southampton, UK.
Witcombe JR and A Joshi (1996) Farmer participatory approaches for varietal breeding and selection and linkages to the formal sector. In PB Eyzaguirre and M Iwanogo (eds), Participatory Plant Breeding, IPGRI, Rome, Italy. pp 57-65.
Witcombe JR and DS Virk (2001) Participatory crop improvement in wheat and high potential production systems. Proc. Warren E. Kronstad Symp. J Reeves, A McNab and S Rajaram (eds). 15-17 March, 2001, CIMMYT. pp 50-58.
Available Versions of this Item
- Mobilizing neglected and underutilized crops to strengthen food security and alleviate poverty in india. (deposited 20. Mar 2012 14:23) [Currently Displayed]