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O impacto da globalização na indústria têxtil, 1990 a 1999

Camargo, Fernanda Sartori de and Guilhoto, Joaquim J. M. (2002): O impacto da globalização na indústria têxtil, 1990 a 1999.


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The economic liberalization and globalization process, started in the 90s, brought a strong impact on the Brazilian economy. Between 1988 and 1993, was held an extensive process of liberalization, gradually reducing the degree of protection of local industry. It is in this context that originates the restructuring of the Brazilian textile sector, very fragile with strong competition from imported products, due to the outdated technology of the industrial park, and the lack of competitiveness, arising in part due to tariff protection. Thus, using the methodology of input-output matrix, this paper analyzes the behavior of the Textile Industry in respect the impact of imports, and the issue of jobs in this sector during the nineties. It aims to present its direct and indirect coefficients, and how much import and employment come from the endogenization household consumption. The results indicate a decrease in import multipliers and an increase in employment multipliers.

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