Spash, Clive L. and Simpson, Ian A. (1992): Protecting Sites of Special Scientific Interest: Intrinsic and Utilitarian Values. Published in: Journal of Environmental Management , Vol. 39, No. 3 (1993): pp. 213-227.
Download (7MB) | Preview
Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs), originally introduced as Areas of Special Scientific Interest with the 1949 National Parks and Access to Countryside Act, provide the foundation for a major set of mechanisms protecting sites of high conservation value in Great Britain. The vast majority of these sites are in private ownership. The mechanisms by which SSSIs are protected from urban industrial development, which requires planning permission, and rural development (agriculture, forestry) which does not require planning permission, are contained within an assortment of legislation (listed separately in the references). This legislation reflects the piecemeal fashion in which SSSI protection has evolved. This paper gives an overall outline of the current mechanisms by which development can take place and the extent to which SSSIs are protected. In particular we concentrate upon the threat of potentially damaging operations arising from rural development. Two models of SSSI protection are proposed and contrasted with the current process. Our analysis pinpoints tension between intrinsic and utilitarian value systems as the reason for current unease with the existing procedures. On the basis of this analysis, possible improvements on the existing situation are advanced.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Protecting Sites of Special Scientific Interest: Intrinsic and Utilitarian Values|
|Keywords:||Land use planning; conservation, intrinsic values; utilitarian ethics; agricultural economics; environmental ethics|
|Subjects:||A - General Economics and Teaching > A1 - General Economics > A13 - Relation of Economics to Social Values
H - Public Economics > H4 - Publicly Provided Goods > H41 - Public Goods
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q1 - Agriculture > Q15 - Land Ownership and Tenure ; Land Reform ; Land Use ; Irrigation ; Agriculture and Environment
Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics ; Environmental and Ecological Economics > Q2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation
|Depositing User:||Clive L. Spash|
|Date Deposited:||03 Jun 2012 16:14|
|Last Modified:||05 Dec 2016 18:19|
Attfield R (1981), The Good of Trees in D Van De Veer and C Pierce, People, Penguins and Plastic Trees, Belmont, California: Wadsworth, 1986.
Bain C, Dodd A & Pritchard D (1990). R.S.P.B. Planscan: A Study of Development Plans in England and Wales. R.S.P.B. Conservation topic Paper No. 28.
Brotherton, I (1990), On Loopholes, Plugs and Inevitable Leaks: A Theory of SSSI Protection in Great Britain, Biological Conservation, 52, 187-203.
Callicott J B (1989), In Defense of the Land Ethic: Essays in Environmental Philosophy, New York: State University of New York Press.
Department of the Environment (1987), Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981, Review of Financial Guidelines, Consultation Paper.
Hargrove E C (1989), Foundations of Environmental Ethics, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Leopold A  (1987) A Sand County Almanac and Sketches Here and There. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Uvingstone, L, Rowan-Robertson, J, Cunningham, R (1990), Management Agreements for Nature Conservation in Scotland, University of Aberdeen.
Nash C.A (Editor) (1990), Appraising the Environmental Effects of Road Schemes: A Response to the SACTRA Committee, mimeo Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds, No.293.
Nash RF. (1989) The Rights of Nature: A History of Environmental Ethics. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Nature Conservancy Council (1991) Seventeenth Report. Public Affairs Branch, English Nature.
Nature Conservancy Council (1990) Earth Science Conservation in Great Britain: A Strategy. NCC Publications.
Nature Conservancy Council (1990) The Treatment of Nature Conservation in the Appraisal of Trunk Roads. Submission to the Standing Committee on Trunk Road Assessment prepared by P.G. Hopkinson, J. Bowers and C.A Nash.
Nature Conservancy Council (1989), Guidelines for Selection of Biological SSSls, NCC Publications.
Passmore J (1974), Man's Responsibility for Nature: Ecological Problems and Western Traditions, London: Duckworth.
Rodman J (1983), Four Forms of Ecological Consciousness Reconsidered in D Scherer and T Attig, Ethics and the Environment, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Ratcliffe, D (1977), A Nature Conservation Review (2 volumes), Cambridge University Press.
Rodwell, J S (ed) (1991), British Plant Communities, Vol.1, Woodland and Scrub, Cambridge University Press.