Khan, Haider A. (2011): Human development and capabilities in MENA economies with special emphasis on Egypt.
Download (1MB) | Preview
The critical assessment of human development and capabilities exercise in MENA includes the following areas for achieving capabilities enhancement (i) Macroeconomic framework component: Analysis of the evolution and nature of macroeconomic policies and their inter-relationships with trade policy and their effects on MDGs and human development; (ii) Fiscal component, the effects of trade reform and policies on the fiscal position of the countries and its relation with MDGs’ expenditures needs and potential constraining effect on the application of flanking policies; (iii) Institutional component: assessing institutional capacity and performance of trade- and finance-related institutions in particular and their effect on economic, social and political outcomes: (iv) Dynamic effects component, undertaking specific studies to assess spillovers and externalities brought about by various policies, particularly trade, financial and investment policies; and; (v) Intellectual property rights component assessing the effects of more stringent protection of IPRs on MDGs and human development indicators. I evaluate critically the neoliberal approach to these aspects of development and capabilities in the MENA region generally and with a special case study of Egypt.
A socially and politically oriented capabilities approach integrates poverty and social impact analysis (PSIA) techniques, economic and technical tools of ex-ante and ex-post assessment, and monitoring and evaluation methodologies in a comprehensive manner. Accordingly, it begins by identifying interested stakeholders and asking questions regarding facilitating and coordinating their participation as well as building institutional arrangements that will assure sustainability of the human development process. A related aspect is the need for documenting and analyzing local historical settings including social and political movements such as those in Egypt. Finally, progress towards collecting data and building a database of relevant indicators, and developing tools of monitoring and evaluation along with the development of the institutional and technical capability of stakeholders are examined within a dynamic historical context of democratization. Building on other experiences of participatory assessment of different policies, the approach I advocate--- besides producing empirical analysis--- is intended to engage all actors involved (government, business, labour, and civil society institutions representing different segments of the population, in particular women) in active participation within a deeply democratic social and political context. Therefore, such efforts require continuous democratic institution building. The revolution in Egypt is evaluated from this socially and politically oriented capabilities perspective.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Human development and capabilities in MENA economies with special emphasis on Egypt|
|Keywords:||MENA economies, human development, social capabilities, complex systems model|
|Subjects:||O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth > O1 - Economic Development > O15 - Human Resources ; Human Development ; Income Distribution ; Migration|
|Depositing User:||Haider Khan|
|Date Deposited:||10 Jul 2012 19:03|
|Last Modified:||11 Jul 2016 10:47|
Abdel Fatah, M. Maamoun (2006), “The Political Economy of Tariff Reform in Egypt”, paper prepared for MDF 5, Cairo: ERF.
Abdel Hakim, Rasha (1997), "Effects of the Egypt- EU Partnership Agreement on the Textile Industry", ECES Working Paper No. 15, Cairo: Egyptian Center of Economic Studies.
Abdel-Latif, Abla and Jeffery Nugent (1995), "Export Promotion Policies: Transaction Costs and Export Channel Choices in Egypt", paper presented at the 70th Western Economic Association International Conference in San Diego, California, July 5-9, 1995.
Abou-Stait, Fouad (2005), “Are Exports the Engine of Economic Growth? An Application of Co-integration and Causality Analysis for Egypt 1977-2003", Economic Research Working Paper No. 76, African Development Bank.
Buigues, P. and C. Martinez-Mongay (2000), "Trade Resistance and Global Competiveness: The Cases of Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, and Tunisia", paper presented at the ERF 7th Annual Conference, Amman 26-29 October, 2000.
Cassing, Jamed, Samiha Fawzy, Denis Gallagher, and Hanaa Kheir El Din (2000), "Enhancing Egyptian Exports", in Jamel Zarrouk and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Caching Up with the Competition: Trade Opportunities and Challenges for Arab Countries, University of Michigan Press.
Development Economic Policy Reform Analysis Project (DEPRA) (2000), “The Economic Analysis of Tariff Reform in Egypt”, Final Report Prepared for The Ministry of Economy and Foreign Trade and The Ministry of Finance. Submitted to USAID Economic Growth/Sector Policy Cairo, Egypt by Nathan Associates Inc. and Contract #263-C-00-96-00001-00).
Djankov, Simon and Bernard Hoekman (1997), "Towards a Free Trade Agreement with the European Union: Issues and Policy Options for Egypt", in Ahmed Galal and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Regional Partners in Global Markets: Limits and Possibilities of the Euro-Med Agreements, Cairo and London: ECES and CEPR.
Economic Research Forum (2004), Trade Chapter in Egypt Country Profile, FEMISE.
El-Mikawy, Noha and Ahmed F. Ghoneim (2003), “Political Economy Aspects of Trade Reform in Egypt”, in Ghoneim, Ahmed F. and Heba Nassar (2003) (eds.) Institutional and Policy Challenges Facing the Egyptian Economy, Cairo: Center of Economic and Financial Research, Cairo University
El Shenway, Abeer (2004), "Implications of the EU Enlargement for the Egyptian Economy", ECES Working Paper No. 99, Cairo: Egyptian Center of Economic Studies.
European Delegation in Egypt website at http://www.eu-delegation.org.eg/en/EU-Egypt_Trade_issues/Docs/EU-Egypt_Trade_Statistics.doc
Fawzy, Samiha and Nada Massoud (2003), "The Future of Egypt's Textile and Clothing Exports in Light of New International Trading Rules", ECES Working Paper No. 86, Cairo: Egyptian Center of Economic Studies.
Galal (1997), "Telecom Egypt: Status and Prospects", ECES Working Paper No. 17, Cairo: Egyptian Center of Economic Studies.
Galal, Ahmed and Bernard Hoekman (1997), "Egypt and the Partnership Agreement with the EU: The Road Ahead to Maximum Benefits", in Ahmed Galal and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Regional Partners in Global Markets: Limits and Possibilities of the Euro-Med Agreements, Cairo and London: ECES and CEPR.
Galal, Ahmed and Robert Lawrence (1998), "Egypt-US and Morocco-US Free Trade Agreements", in Ahmed Galal and Robert Lawrence (eds.), Building Bridges: An Egypt-US Free Trade Agreement, Cairo and Washington D.C.: ECES and Brookings Institution.
Ghoneim, Ahmed F. (2001), “The Determinants of the Egyptian Exports’ Market Access to the European Union” Economic Research Forum for Arab Countries, Iran and Turkey, Working Paper Series. (This is a research project undertaken by the author within the context of the FEMISE network) republished as CEFRS Research Projects Series Vol. (10) Dec.2000
Ghoneim, Ahmed Farouk (2002), “Institutional Reform to promote Exports: Egypt and the EU”, in Handouss, Heba and Noha El-Mikawy (eds), Institutional Reform and Economic Development in Egypt: Which Institutions and Why, Bonn: Center for Development Research, Bonn University. Republished by the American University in Cairo (AUC)
Ghoneim, Ahmed F. (2003a), “Rules of Origin and their Impact on Egypt within the context of the EU-Med Partnership Agreement”, Journal of World Trade, June 2003 Vol. 37 No. 3, pp. 597-622. First presented at the annual conference of Economic Research Forum, 14-17 January 2002.
Ghoneim, Ahmed F. (2003b), “Helping to Identify the Potential and Mode for Liberalization of Trade in Services in the Southern Mediterranean Countries: The Case of Egypt”, ERF Working Paper No. 3033, Cairo: ERF.
Ghoneim, Ahmed F. (2005a), “The Audio-visual Sector in Egypt”, in Guerrieri, Paolo, P. Lelio Iapadre, and Georg Koopman, Cultural Diversity and International Economic Integration: The Global Governance of the Audio-Visual Sector, Edward Elgar. First published as “Competition, Cultural Variety and Global Governance: the Case of the Global Audiovisual System: Case of Egypt”, HWWA-Report No. 246, Hamburg: Hamburg Institute of International Economics, ISSN 0179-2253.Research project undertaken for the IAI and the HWWA.
Ghoneim, Ahmed F. (2005b), “Achieving The Two Objectives: Export Promotion and Job Creation”, in Ibraim Awad (editor), Towards An Employment Policy in Egypt, Cairo: International Labor Office and haiaa masria Amma llikitab.
Ghoneim, Ahmed Farouk (2007) (coordinator and main author with M. El Garf, M. Gasiorek, and P. Holmes), “Examining the Deep Integration Aspects of the EU-South Mediterranean Countries: Comparing the Barcelona Process and Neighbourhood Policy, the Case of Egypt”, FEMISE Project No. FEM31-08, financed by European Commission.
Ghoneim, Ahmed F. (2008), “To What Extent Should Egypt go Deep in Its Free Trade Area with the United States if Any!!”, Journal of World Investment and Trade, Vol. 9, No. 2 April Edition, pp. 163-186. First presented at the American Studies Center Conference entitled “The Arab-American Relationships: The Status of the Present and the Prospects of the Future”, held at Cairo University, 19-20 April, 2006.
Ghoneim, Ahmed F. and Amal Refaat (2006), "The Impact of Inefficient Services on Competitiveness of Manufacturing in Egypt", ECES unpublished paper.
Ghoneim, Ahmed F. and Omnia A. Helmy (2007), “An Assessment of Maritime Transport and Related Logistics Services in Egypt”, ECES Working Paper No.125, Cairo: Egyptian Center of Economic Studies.
Havrylyshyn, O. and P. Kunzel (1997), “Intra-Industry Trade or Arab Countries: An Indicator of Potential Competitiveness” IMF Working Paper No. WP/97/47.
Helmy, Omnia (2005), "The Impact of Trade Liberalization on Government Revenues in Egypt", ECES Working Paper No. 101, Cairo: Egyptian Center of Economic Studies.
Hoekman, Bernard, Denise Konan and Keith Maskus (1998), "An Egypt-US Free Trade Agreement: Economic Incentives and Effects", in Ahmed Galal and Robert Lawrence (eds.), Building Bridges: An Egypt-US Free Trade Agreement, Cairo and Washington D.C.: ECES and Brookings Institution.
Hoekman, Bernard, Denise Konan and Keith Maskus (2001), "Overlapping Free Trade Agreements in the Middle East and North Africa: Economic Incentives and Effects in Egypt", in Dessus, Sebastien, Julia Delvin, and Raed Safadi (eds), Towards Arab and Euro-Med Regional Integration, ERF, OECD and World Bank.
Hoekman, Bernard and Denise Konan (2000), "Rents, Red Tape, and Regionalism: Economic Effects of Deeper Integration", in Jamel Zarrouk and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Caching Up with the Competition: Trade Opportunities and Challenges for Arab Countries, University of Michigan Press.
IMF (1998), “Egypt Beyond Stabilization, Toward A Dynamic Market Economy”, IMF Occasional Paper No. 163, Washington D.C.: IMF.
Kheir- El-Din (2000), "Enforcement of Product Standards as Barriers to Trade: the Case of Egypt", in Hanaa Kheir-El-Din and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Trade Policy Developments in the Middle East and North Africa, Cairo: ERF.
Kheir-El-Din, Hanaa and Ahmed El-Dersh (1992), “Trade policies in Egypt”, in Said El Naggar (ed.), Foreign and Intra Regional Trade Policies of the Arab Countries, Kuwait: Arab Monetary Fund.
Kheir-El-Din, Hanaa , Lahcen Achy, Ahmed F. Ghoneim, and Akrum Bastawy (2008), The Political Economy of Trade Policy in the Middle East and North Africa: A Study of Selected Sectors in Egypt and Morocco: A Study of Selected Sectors in Egypt and Morocco, ERF Research Report No. RTTR 2008, available at http://www.erf.org.eg/cms.php?id=publication_details&publication_id=940
Kheir-El-Din, Hanaa , and Ahmed F. Ghoneim, (2006a), “The Economic and Regulatory Policy Implications of Overlapping Preferential Trade Agreements in the Arab Countries: The Case of Egypt”, Research project undertaken for IDRC. Project Coordinator Hanaa Kheir-El-Din The Economic and Regulatory Policy Implications of Overlapping Preferential Trade Agreements in the Arab Countries. Published as ERF Special Report, Research Report Series No. 0425.
Kheir-El-Din, Hanaa , and Ahmed F. Ghoneim, (2006b), “Trade relations Between the European Union and the Southern Mediterranean Countries: Prospects for Export Based on the Enlargement of the European Union, the New Neighbourhood Policy and the Barcelona Process in Franco Praussello (editor), Sustainable Development and Adjustment in the Mediterranean Countries Following the EU Enlargement. Franco Angeli - Milan, 2006, 540 p.
Kheir-El-Din, Hanaa , Ahmed F. Ghoneim, and Hala Sakr (2006), “Impact of Liberalization of Trade in Services: Banking, Telecommunications and Maritime Transport in Egypt”, Research project undertaken for FEMISE. Project Coordinator Subidey Togan Impact of Liberalization of Trade in Services: Banking, Telecommunications and Maritime Transport in Egypt Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey. Available at www.femise.org.
Kheir-El-Din, Hanaa, Samiha Fawzy, and Laila El-Khawaga (1999), "The Egyptian-Turkish Free Trade Area Agreement: What are the Expected Benefits?", ECES Working Paper no. 39, Cairo: Egyptian Center of Economic Studies.
Kheir-El-Din, Hanaa and Hoda El Sayed (1997), "Potential Impact of a Free Trade Agreement with the EU on Egypt's Textile Industry", in Ahmed Galal and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Regional Partners in Global Markets: Limits and Possibilities of the Euro-Med Agreements, Cairo and London: ECES and CEPR.
Kheir-El-Din, Hanaa, Tarek Moursi, Lobna Abdel Latif, and Sherin El Shawarby (2001), "Potential Impacts of the Partnership Agreement between Egypt and the European Union on the Egyptian Economy", Economic Research Monograph No. 4, Cairo: Cairo University, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Economics Department.
Konan, Denise. (2003), “Alternative Paths to Prosperity: Economic Integration among Arab Countries”, in Galal, Ahmed and Bernard Hoekman (eds.) Arab Economic Integration: Between Hope and Reality, Brookings Institution Press and ECES.
Konan, Denise and Keith Maskus (1997), "A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis of Egyptian Trade Liberalization Scenarios", in Ahmed Galal and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Regional Partners in Global Markets: Limits and Possibilities of the Euro-Med Agreements, Cairo and London: ECES and CEPR.
Korayem, Karima (1997), “Egypt’s Economic Reform and Structural Adjustment (ERSAP)” ECES Working Paper No. 19.
Lawrence, Robert (1998), "Is it Time for a US-Egypt Free Trade Agreement? A US Perspective", in Ahmed Galal and Robert Lawrence (eds.), Building Bridges: An Egypt-US Free Trade Agreement, Cairo and Washington D.C.: ECES and Brookings Institution.
Limam, Imed and A. Abdalla (1998), “Inter-Arab Trade and the Potential Success of AFTA”, Arab Planning Institute (API) Working Paper Series No. 9806, Kuwait: API.
Mandour, Dina (2006), “Impact of EU health and Environmental Standards on Egyptian Agro-Food Exports”, PhD thesis, Goettingen: Cuvillier Verlag.
Ministry of Finance (2008), Egypt Economic Outlook, available on http: www.mof.gov.eg
Neaime Simon (2005), “South South Trade, Monetary and Financial Integration and the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership: An empirical Investigation”, FEMISE Report, FEM-22-39.
Oliva, Maria-Angles (2000), “Estimation of Trade Protection in Middle East and North Africa Countries”, IMF Working Paper No. WP/00/27, Washington D.C.: IMF.
Péridy, Nicolas (2005) “Towards a Pan-Arab free trade area: Assessing Trade Potential Effects of the Agadir Agreement”, The Developing Economies, 43(3): 329-345.
Péridy, Nicolas, and Ahmed Ghoneim (2008), "The Greater Arab Free Trade Area: An ex-post appraisal within an imperfect competition framework", FEMISE Project n°32-03, available at http://www.femise.org
Pigato, Miria and Ahmed F. Ghoneim (2006), "Egypt After the End of the Multiple-Fiber Agreement: A Comparative Regional Analysis", ECES Working Paper No. 114, Cairo: Egyptian Center for Economic Studies.
Refaat, Amal (1999), “New Trends in Egypt’s Trade policy and Future Challenges”, ECES Working Paper No. 36, Cairo: Egyptian Center for Economic Studies.
Refaat, Amal (2003), "Trade Induced Protectionism in Egypt's Manufacturing Sector", ECES Working Paper No. 85, Cairo: Egyptian Center for Economic Studies.
Roe, Alan (1998), "The Egyptian Banking System: Liberalization, Competition and Privatization", ECES Working Paper No. 28, Cairo: Egyptian Center of Economic Studies.
Sakr, Mohamed Fathi and Nada Massoud (2003), "International Tourism Volatility with Special Reference to Egypt", ECES Working Paper No. 83, Cairo: Egyptian Center of Economic Studies.
Shahin, Magda and Akrum Bastawi (2008), "Trade in Services through the Temporary Presence of Natural Persons: A Win-Win Formula for Egypt and the EU", ECES Working Paper No. 131, Cairo: Egyptian Center of Economic Studies.
Subramanian, Arvind and Mostafa Abdel Latif (1997), "The Egypt-European Union Partnership Agreement and the Egyptian Pharmaceutical Sector", in Ahmed Galal and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Regional Partners in Global Markets: Limits and Possibilities of the Euro-Med Agreements, Cairo and London: ECES and CEPR.
Tohamy, Sahar and Adrian Swinsco (2000), "The Economic Impact of Tourism in Egypt", ECES Working Paper No. 40, Cairo: Egyptian Center of Economic Studies.
Tohamy, Sahar (2000), “Egypt’s service Liberalization, Service Barriers and Implementation of the GATS Agreement.” Paper presented to the Third Mediterranean Development Forum organized jointly by the World Bank and the Economic Research Forum for Arab Countries, Iran and Turkey, Cairo, 6-9 March, 2000.
Tohamy, Sahar (2002), "Postal Services in a Rapidly Developing IT and Telecommunications World- The Case for Postal Sector Reform in Egypt", ECES Working Paper No. 72, Cairo: Egyptian Center of Economic Studies.
United States Embassy in Egypt (2002), Economic Report, Cairo.
World Trade Organization (1999) Egypt’s Trade Policy Review, Geneva: WTO.
World Trade Organization (2005). Egypt’s Trade Policy Review Document No. WT/TPR/G/150, Geneva: WTO.
Zarrouk, Jamel (2000a), "Regulatory Regimes and Trade Costs", in Jamel Zarrouk and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Caching Up with the Competition: Trade Opportunities and Challenges for Arab Countries, University of Michigan Press.
Zarrouk, Jamel, (2000b),"Para-Tariff Measures in Arab Countries", in Hanaa Kheir-El-Din and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Trade Policy Developments in the Middle East and North Africa, Cairo: ERF.
Zarrouk, Jamel, (2000c), "The Greater Arab Free Trade Area: Limits and Possibilities", in Jamel Zarrouk and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Caching Up with the Competition: Trade Opportunities and Challenges for Arab Countries, University of Michigan Press.
Zarrouk, Jamel, (2003), "A Survey of Barriers to Trade and Investment in Arab Countries", in Ahmed Galal and Bernard Hoekman (eds.), Arab Economic Integration Between Hope and Reality, Cairo and Washington D.C.: Egyptian Center for Economic Studies and Brookings Institution Press.
Abdelal, R. 2007. Capital Rules: The Construction of Global Finance. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Amsden, Alice (1989), Asia's Next Giant: South Korea and the Late Industrialization, New York: Oxford University Press.
APEC(2005), International Workshop on Emerging Technologies: The Challenges of Convergence", Bangkok, Dec.14-16,2005 http://www.apecforesight.org/emerging_tech/index.htm (last accessed June23,2008)
Andrews, Kevin. 2009. “The social impact of the “Global Financial Crisis” and the prospects for recovery.” European Ideas Network, October. http://www.europeanideasnetwork.com/files/ein-vienna-andrews.pdf. Best, Jacqueline. 2010. “Bringing Power Back In: IMF’s Constructivist Strategy in Critical Perspective”, in Rawi Abdelal, Mark Blyth and Criag Parsons eds., Constructing the International Economy, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Boone, Peter and Simon Johnson. 2010. “How the euro zone set off a race to the bottom.” FT.com, May 10. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/5d666d5a-5c69-11df-93f6-00144feab49a,dwp_uuid=2b8f1fea-e570-11de-81b4-00144feab49a.html#axzz1GbMCDv3y.
Brooke, Steven & Hamid, Shadi. “The Muslim Brotherhood’s Role in the Egyptian Revolution.” CTC Sentinel. Vol. 4, Issue 2. February 2011. http://www.ctc.usma.edu/sentinel/CTCSentinel-Vol4Iss2.pdf
Cafruny, Alan and Magnus Ryner.2011. “The Global Financial Crisis and the European Union:The Irrelevance of Integration Theory and the Pertinence of Critical Political Economy”, forthcoming in Petros Nousios, Henk Overbeek and Andreas Tsokalis (eds) Globalisation and European Integration: The Nature of the Beast (London: Routledge) Chang, H.-J. ed.(2007) Institutional Change and Economic Development, UNU press, Tokyo.
Clark Estes, Adam. “Anatomy of a revolution: Meet the young Egyptian activists who started it all.” Salon. 10 Feb 2011. http://www.salon.com/news/politics/war_room/2011/02/10/egypt_youth_activists_april_6_kefaya_jan25/index.html
Cline, William R. (1982). "Can the East Asian Export Model of Development Be Generalized?",World Development, Vol.10, no.2 pp.81-90.
De Grauwe, Paul. 2010. “The Greek Crisis and the Future of the Euro zone.” Euro Intelligence, March 11. http://www.eurointelligence.com/index.php?id=581&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=2728&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=901&cHash=1c18a718c5.
Dhillon, Navtej and Assaad, Ragui. Food, Fuel, and Finance: How Will the Middle East Weather the Global Economic Crisis? Series 2 of 4, 29 Oct 2008. “Egyptian Economy: Protected or Exposed?” Middle East Youth Initiative. The Brookings Institute, Washington, DC. http://www.brookings.edu/interviews/2008/1029_egypt_dhillon.aspx
Dolls, Mathias, Clemens Fuest and Andreas Peichl. 2010. “Social Protection as Automatic Stabilizer.” Paper prepared for the EU Presidency Joint Conference ‘Assuring Adequate Pensions & Social Benefits for All European Citizens’. http://socialsecurity.fgov.be/eu/docs/agenda/06-08_09_10_paper_andreas_peichl.pdf.
Esparza, Louis E.2010. Grassroots Human Rights Activism in Contemporary Colombia, Ph.D. Dissertation, Stonybrook, NY: State University of New York at Stonybrook.
Fathy, Ahmed & Al Husseini, Hamdy. “Egypt’s Kefaya Holds “Swear-In” Demo,” IslamOnline.Net, 28 September 2005. http://www.islamonline.org/English/News/2005-09/28/article04.shtml
Foucault, Michel.1978. The History of Sexuality, trans. Robert Hurley,New York: Vintage
_____________ 1977. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, Trans. Alan Sheridan, New York: Pantheon
_____________. 1980. ‘ The Politics of Health in the Eighteenth Century’, in Power/Knowledge, ed. Colin Gordon, New York: Pantheon
___________ 1994. ‘Naissance de la biopolitique’, in Dits et ecrits, Paris : Gallimard
______________ 1994(1979). ‘ Inutile de se soulever?’, in Dits et ecrits, Vol. III, Paris: Gallimard
Ghonim, Wael. “Inside the Egyptian Revolution.” TED. 5 Mar 2011. http://www.ted.com/talks/wael_ghonim_inside_the_egyptian_revolution.html Goodwin, Jeff and James M. Jasper. 2004. Rethinking social movements : structure, meaning, and emotion. Lanham, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
Hall, Peter. 2010. “The Political Origins of Our Economic Discontents: Contemporary Adjustment Problems in Historical Perspective.” Draft chapter for Politics in the New Hard Times: The Great Recession in Comparative Perspective, eds. Miles Kahler and David Lake.
Hassan, Amro. “EGYPT: Mohamed ElBaradei forms National Front for Change.” LA Times Blogs. 24 Feb 2010. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/babylonbeyond/2010/02/egypt-elbaradei-forms-new-front-for-change.html
Hauslohner, Abigail. “Will ElBaradei Run for President of Egypt?” TIME/CNN. 20 Feb 2010. http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1966922,00.html
Holt-Gimenez, Eric. “The World Food Crisis: What’s behind it and what we can do about it” Policy Brief no. 16. Food First Institute for Food and Development Policy: Oakland, CA; October 2008.
Hope, Christopher & Swinford, Steven. “WikiLeaks: Mohmed ElBaradei was ‘too soft on Tehran’” The Telegraph. 31 Mar 2011. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/wikileaks/8314463/WikiLeaks-Mohamed-ElBaradei-was-too-soft-on-Tehran.html
Hope, Kerin. 2011a. “Greek PM calls for consensus on privatisation.” FT.com, March 14. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/7f0f3d00-4e1d-11e0-a9fa-00144feab49a,dwp_uuid=2b8f1fea-e570-11de-81b4-00144feab49a.html#axzz1GbMCDv3y.
Hope, Kerin. 2011b. “Greeks adopt ‘won’t pay’ attitude.” FT.com, March 9. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/84839398-4a6d-11e0-82ab-00144feab49a,dwp_uuid=2b8f1fea-e570-11de-81b4-00144feab49a.html#axzz1GbMCDv3y.
Hounshell, Blake. “A New Leader for Egypt’s Protestors” Foreign Policy. 7 Feb 2011. http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/02/07/a_new_leader_for_egypt_s_protesters
HRW. “Egypt: Security Forces Attack Oppostion Demonstrators.” 1 Aug 2005. http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2005/08/01/egypt-security-forces-attack-opposition-demonstrators
Jomo K. S. ed. (2007). Malaysian Industrial Policy. Singapore University Press, Singapore, and University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu.
Jomo K. S., Chang Y. T., Khoo K. J. with others (2004). Deforesting Malaysia: The Political Economy and Social Ecology of Agricultural Expansion and Commercial Logging. Zed Books, London.
Jomo K. S. ed. (1995). Privatizing Malaysia: Rents, Rhetoric, Realities. Westview Press, Boulder.
Jomo K. S. with Shyamala Nagaraj eds. (2001). Globalization Versus Development: Heterodox Perspectives. Palgrave, Houndmills.
Jomo, K.S. and Wee (2008) "Lessons From Post-Colonial Malaysian Economic Development", paper prepared for WIDER conference on Country Role Models for Development Success, June13-14, Helsinki
Kenny, Charles. “Sweet Bird of Youth! The Case for Optimism.” TIME/CNN. 17 Mar 2011. http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2059521_2059564,00.html
Kenny, Charles. “Sweet Bird of Youth! The Case for Optimism.” TIME/CNN. 17 Mar 2011. http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,2059521_2059564,00.html
Khan, Haider A. 1998, Technology, Development and Democracy: The Limits of National Innovation Systems in the Age of Postmodernism, (1998),Cheltenham,UK: Edward Elgar.
Khan, H. A (2002) “Innovation and Growth in a Schumpeterian Model”, Oxford Development Studies, Vol. 30, no. 3, 2002: 289-306.
Khan HA (2003a). Technology and Modernity: Creating Social Capabilities in a POLIS. In Misa T ed. Technology and Modernity, Cambridge: The MIT Press, Chapter12.
-------(2003b) “What can the African countries learn from the macroeconomics of foreign aid in Southeast Asia?”, Aryeetey, E., Court, J., Nissanke, M. and Weder, B., Asia and Africa in the Global Economy, Tokyo, UNU Press
Khan HA (2004a). Innovation and Growth in East Asia: The Future of Miracles. Houndsmills and New York: Macmillan/Palgrave.
Khan HA (2004b). Global Markets and Financial Crisis in Asia: Towards a Theory for the Twenty First Century. Houndsmills and New York:Macmillan/Palgrave
-------------------------------(2005a). “On Immaterial Labor, General Intellect and Biopolitical Production of Subjectivities:Some Political Economy Considerations in Value Theory”, unpublished paper, JKSIS, University of Denver.
------------------------------2005b," Case Studies in Globalization, Convergence, and Superconvergence of Emerging Technologies presentation at the International Workshop on Emerging Technologies: The Global Challenges of Convergence, Bangkok,14-15 Dec.2005. http://www.apecforesight.org/emerging_tech/docs/HaiderPresentation_Dec05.ppt
-----------------------------(2006). “Managing global risks and creating prosperity : the role of the IMF and regional financial architectures” in Junji Nakagawa,ed. Managing Development: Globalization,Economic Restructuring and Social Policy, Routledge:17-41.
----------------------------(2008a) “Can Obama Do It?” in Globalization, Development and Democracy , http://gddn.blogspot.com/ Last accessed Feb.11,2011.
----------------------------(2008b) “Making Globalization Work: Towards Global Economic Justice. MPRA , Munich, Germany. http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/7864/ Last accessed Feb. 11, 2011.
-----------------------------2008c. “Causal Depth contra Humean Empiricism: Aspects of a Scientific Realist Approach to Explanation” http://ideas.repec.org/p/pra/mprapa/8297.html Last accessed Feb.11, 2011.
-------------------------------(2009),-“A Theory of Deep Democracy in the Age of Postmodernism” in Readings in Law and Society Journal, 1. (1).
Khan HA(2011a), “Constructing Global Governance of Global Finance: Towards a Hybrid Global Financial Architecture”, paper presented at the ISA conference, Montreal, Canada, March.
Khan HA(2011b),”Analyzing the Implications of the Financial Crisis for the Developing Economies”, UNDP, NYC.
Khan HA(2011c), Inclusive Development and Managed Creative Destruction in National Innovation Systems: Towards A Theory with Preliminary Applications to South Korea, paper for Atlanta Conference on Innovation
----- and Heikki Patomaki.2010. A reconstructive critique of IPE and GPE from a critical scientific realist perspective:An alternative Keynesian-Kaleckian approach, paper presented at the ISA conference, New Orleans, February.
Khan, Mohammed. “Who’s afraid of the Muslim Brothers.” Al Jazeera. 9 Feb 2011. http://english.aljazeera.net/indepth/opinion/2011/02/20112810283643766.html
Khanfar, Wadah. “A historic moment in the Arab world.” TED. March 2011. http://www.ted.com/talks/wadah_khanfar_a_historic_moment_in_the_arab_world.html?ga_source=embed&ga_medium=embed&ga_campaign=embed
Lee, Keun(2008) "Can Korea be a Role Model for Development?A “Capability-based View” on Korea", paper prepared for WIDER conference on Country Role Models for Development Success, June13-14, Helsinki
Lee, Keun, 2006, “The Washington Consensus and East Asian Sequencing: Understanding Reform in East and South Asia,” J. Fanelli and G. McMahon, eds. Understanding Market Reforms Vol. 2: Palgrave, 2006 .
Lee, Keun A., 2006a, “Understanding Reform in 6 Asian Countries: Washington Consensus vs. East Asian Sequencing,” J. Fanelli and G. McMahon, eds. Understanding Market Reforms Vol. 2: Palgrave
Lee K., 2006 b , Korea's Economic Catch-up: Washington Consensus or the Bejing Consensus, Selected Papers from the 2nd World Forum on Korea Studies (Abstracts), Panel 2, Exploration into the Theory and Practice of the Mode of Korea’s Development, in http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/APCITY/UNPAN024930.pdf
Lee, K., Hanh D., and Yifu Lin J., 2002, : "Is Korea following the East Asian Model? A Comparative Institutional Analysis Perspective" Korea Review 2: no.1.
Lin, C.-S., H.A. Khan et. al.(2008) “A New Approach to Modeling Early Warning Systems for Financial Crises” (2008) (coauthored), Journal of International Money and Finance,: 1098-1121.
Madrigal, Alexis. “Egyptian Activists’ Action Plan: Translated” The Atlantic. 27 Jan 2011. http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2011/01/egyptian-activists-action-plan-translated/70388/
Marx, Karl, 1973 . Marx’s Grundrisse, trans. M. Nicolaus, Hammondsworth: Penguin
________ 1976 (1867). Capital: Vol. I, trans. B. Fowkes, Hammondsworth: Penguin
--------------1967 . Capital: Vols. I, II and III, New York: International Publishers.
Mason, Paul. 2010. “The Greek crisis is Europe’s crisis.” BBC News. February 9. http://www.bbc.co.uk/blogs/newsnight/paulmason/2010/02/the_greek_crisis_is_europes_cr.html.
McAdam, Doug, Sidney G. Tarrow, and Charles Tilly. 2001. Dynamics of contention. New York:Cambridge University Press.
Mittelman, James.2010. Hyperconflict: Globalization and Insecurity, Stanford, Ca,:Stanford University Press
Nelson, Rebecca, Paul Belkin and Derek Mix. 2010. “Greece’s Debt Crisis: Overview, Policy Responses, and Implications.” Congressional Research Service, April 7. http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA517744&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf.
Pappas, Takis S. 2010. “The causes of the Greek crisis are in Greek politics.” openEconomy, November 29. http://www.opendemocracy.net/openeconomy/takis-s-pappas/causes-of-greek-crisis-are-in-greek-politics.
Pappas, T. S. 2008. "Political leadership and the emergence of radical mass movements in democracy." Comparative Political Studies 41:1117-1140.
Piven, Frances Fox. 2006. Challenging authority : how ordinary people change America. Lanham,Md.: Rowman & Littlefield : Distributed by National Book Network.
Piven, Frances Fox and Richard A. Cloward. 1977. Poor people's movements : why they succeed, how they fail. New York: Pantheon Books.
Polanyi, Karl (1944), The Great Transformation, New York, Rinehart & Co.
Quizilbash, M. 2010. “Interpreting the Capability Approach: Thin and Thick Views” Human Rights Defender 19 (1): March 2010 pp. 5-7.
---------,S. Fukuda-Parr and S. Subramanian, eds. Special Issue on Capabilities Approach, Journal of Human Development, 7(3), Nov. 2006.
Sen A., (1999),. Development As Freedom. New York: Knopf. Shehab, Shaden. “That’s Enough.” Al-Ahram Weekly, 29 December 2005. http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/
Shourbagy, Manar. “The Egyptian Movement for Change—Kefaya: Redefining Politics in Egypt.” Public Culture. Vol. 19, No. 1. http://publicculture.org/articles/view/19/1/the-egyptian-movement-for-change-kefaya-redefin
Sutter, John D. “The faces of Egypt’s Revolution 2.0.” CNN. 21 Feb 2011. http://www.cnn.com/2011/TECH/innovation/02/21/egypt.internet.revolution/index.html
UNDP. Arab Human Development Reports, Various years from 2002-present.
UNDP. Youth in Egypt, Building Our Future. United Nations Development Programme. http://www.undp.org.eg/Portals/0/NHDR%202010%20english.pdf
Warr, Peter(2008) "Thailand's Development Strategy and Growth Performance", paper prepared for WIDER conference on Country Role Models for Development Success, June13-14, Helsinki
Warr, Peter (1993) ‘The Thai Economy’ in Peter Warr (ed.) The Thai Economy in Transition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1-80.Warr, Peter (1999). 'What Happened to Thailand?', The World Economy, 22 (July), 631-650.
Warr, Peter (2005) ‘Boom, Bust and Beyond’ in Peter Warr (ed.) Thailand Beyond the Crisis, Routledge, London, 3-65.
Weiss, John and H. A. Khan eds.(2006) Poverty Strategies in Asia: A Growth Plus Approach, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar and ADBI.
World Bank. Arab Republic of Egypt: Egypt and the Global Economic Crisis: A Preliminary Assessment of Macroeconomic Impact and Response.. Social and Economic Development Group, Middle East and North Africa Region. Vol. I of II, Main Report. 16 June 2009. “Executive Summary.” pp.1.
World Factbook, 2011. “Egypt.” https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/eg.html