Cid, Alejandro (2007): Educational Gap and Family Structure in Uruguay. Published in: Revista de Economía de la Universidad de Montevideo No. 7 (2008): pp. 139-161.
Download (1MB) | Preview
In this paper we use household survey data to study the determinants of children’s educational achievement in Uruguay. As an indicator of this educational achievement, we build the “educational gap” which is the difference between expected years of schooling of a child and actual years of schooling. Among the determinants, we introduce indicators of family environment, focusing on the impact of the parents’ marital status on their children educational attainment. In particular, the results suggest positive infuence of having married parents on daughter’s educational outcomes, after controlling for household background variables such as parents’ education, income percapita, wealth and number of children.
|Item Type:||MPRA Paper|
|Original Title:||Educational Gap and Family Structure in Uruguay|
|Keywords:||censored data; treatment evaluation; education; family instability; cohabitation|
|Subjects:||J - Labor and Demographic Economics > J1 - Demographic Economics > J12 - Marriage ; Marital Dissolution ; Family Structure ; Domestic Abuse|
|Depositing User:||Alejandro Cid|
|Date Deposited:||10. Jul 2012 02:29|
|Last Modified:||01. Jan 2016 06:00|
Andersen, Lykke. 2001. ”SocialMobility in Latin America: Links with Adolescent Schooling.” Research Network Working Paper R-433, Inter-American Development Bank,July 2001.
Axinn, William G. and Thornton, Arland. 1993. ”Mothers, Children and Cohabitation: the Intergenerational Effects of Attitudes and Behaviour.” American Sociological Review. April 58:2.
Becker, Gary S. 1988. ”Family Economics and Macro Behavior.” American Economic Review. March 1988, 78:1, pp. 1-13.
Becker, Sascha and Ichino, Andrea. 2002. ”Estimation of average treatment effects based on propensity scores”, The Stata Journal (2002) Vol.2, No.4, pp. 358-377.
Behrman, Jere R.; Birdsall, Nancy and Székely, Miguel. 2000. ”Intergenerational Mobility in Latin America: Deeper Markets and Better Schools Make a Difference.” In New Markets, New Opportunities? Economic and Social Mobility in a Changing World. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2000.
Berlinski, Samuel; Galiani, Sebastian; Manacorda, Marco. 2007. ”Giving Children a Better Start: Preschool Attendance and School-Age Profiles.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4240, June 2007.
Bjorklund, Anders; Ginther, Donna K. and Sundstrom, Marianne. 2005. ”Does Marriage Matter for Kids? The impact of Legal Marriage on Child Outcomes”
Brown, Susan L. 2004. ”Family Structure and Child Well-Being: The Signifficance of Parental Cohabitation.” Journal of Family and Marriage. May, 66:2.
Cameron, A. Colin and Pravin K. Trivedi. 2005. ”Microeconometrics. Methods and Applications”. Cambridge University Press.
Case, Anne and Angus Deaton. 1999. ”School Inputs and Educational Outcomes in South Africa”. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 114, No. 3. (Aug.,1999), pp. 1047-1084.
Chay, Kenneth Y. and James L. Powell. 2001. ”Semiparametric Censored Regression Models.” Journal of Economic Perspectives. Fall 2001, 15:4, pp. 29-42.
Cid, Alejandro; Ignacio Presno and Luis Viana. 2004. ”Institutions, Family and Economic Performance.” Revista de Ciencias Empresariales y Economía. Año III. 2004.
Datcher-Loury, Linda. 1988. ”Effects of Mother’s Home Time on Children’s Schooling.” The Review of Economics and Statistics. August 1988, 70:3, pp. 367-73.
Elwood, David T. 2000. ”Anti-Poverty Policy for Families in the Next Century: From Welfare to Work - - and Worries”. Journal of Economic Perspectives. Winter 2000, 14:1, pp. 187-198.
Filgueira, Carlos; Fernando Filgueira and Alvaro Fuentes. 2003. ”School Attainment and Transitions to Adulthood in Latin America.” In Cox Edwards, Alejandra; Duryea, Suzanne; Ureta, Manuelita. Editors. 2003. “Critical Decisions at a Critical Age: Adolescents and Young Adults in Latin America.” Inter-American Development Bank.
Francesconi, Marco; Jenkis, Stephen P.; Siedler, Thomas. 2006. ”Childhood Family Structure and Schooling Outcomes: Evidence for Germany”. Discussion paper 610. German Institute for Economic Research.
Fishback, P.; Baskin, J. 1991. ”Narrowing the Black-White Gap in Child Literacy in 1910: The Roles of School Inputs and Family Inputs.” The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 73, No. 4. (Nov., 1991), pp.725-728.
Heckman, James J. and Yona Rubinstein. 2001. ”The Importance of Noncognitive Skills: Lessons from the GED Testing Program.” American Economic Review. May 2001, 91:2, pp. 145-49.
Honoré, Bo E. and James L. Powell. 1994. ”Pairwise Difference Estimators for Censored and Truncated RegressionModels.” Journal of Econometrics. September/October, 64:1-2, pp. 241-78.
Margo, R. 1987. ”Accounting for Racial Differences in School Attendance in the American South, 1900: The Role of Separate-but-Equal”. The Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 69, No. 4. (Nov., 1987), pp.661-666.
McKenzie, David and Hillel Rapoport. 2005. ”Migration and Education Inequality in Rural Mexico.” Stanford Center for International Development. Working Paper No 258. September 2005.
Manning, Wendy D. and Daniel T. Lichter. 1996. ”Parental Cohabitation and Children’s Economic Well-Being.” Journal of Family and Marriage. November, 58:4.
McLanahan, Sara. 1985. ”Family Structure and the Reproduction of Poverty”. American Journal of Sociology, January, 90:4, pp. 873-901.
Powell, James L. 1984. ”Least Absolute Deviations Estimation for the Censored Regression Model.” Journal of Econometrics. July, 25:3, pp. 303-25.
Powell, James L. 1986. ”Symmetrically Trimmed Least Squares Estimation for Tobit Models.” Econometrica. November, 54:6, pp. 1435-60.
Psacharopoulos, George and Ana Maria Arriagada. 1989. ”The Determinants of Early Age Human Capital Formation: Evidence from Brazil.” Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 37 (4), July 1989.